oxytocin, Pitocin (cont.)

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:



PREPARATIONS: Injection: 10 units/ml

STORAGE: Oxytocin should be stored at room temperature, 15 C to 25 C (59 F to 77 F).

DOSING: For inducing labor the dose is 0.5 to 1 milliunits/minute given by intravenous injection and increased by 1 to 2 milliunits/minute every 15 to 60 minutes until contraction pattern is close to normal. For controlling bleeding after birth the dose is 10 units by injection at a rate of 20 to 40 milliunits/minute. Inevitable abortion is treated with 10 to 20 milliunits/minute not to exceed 30 units in a 12 hour period.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Severe elevations in blood pressure may occur if combined with vasoconstrictors used for anesthesia.

PREGNANCY: Oxytocin should not be used during pregnancy unless for inducing labor or abortion.

NURSING MOTHERS: Oxytocin may be secreted in breast milk. Mothers should not nurse for at least one day after stopping oxytocin.

Medically reviewed by Eni Williams, PharmD

REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/19/2015

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Pill Finder Tool

Need help identifying pills and medications?
Use the pill identifier tool on RxList.

Back to Medications Index

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors