- Surprising Reasons You're in Pain Slideshow
- Take the Pain Quiz
- Joint-Friendly Exercises to Reduce RA Pain Slideshow
- Oxycodone vs. Vicodin (hydrocodone/acetaminophen) for pain review
- What are oxycodone and Vicodin (hydrocodone/acetaminophen), and how do they work?
- What brand names are available for oxycodone and hydrocodone/acetaminophen?
- What are the uses for oxycodone vs. Vicodin (hydrocodone/acetaminophen)?
- What are the side effects of oxycodone vs. Vicodin (hydrocodone/acetaminophen)?
- How should oxycodone vs. Vicodin (hydrocodone/acetaminophen) be taken (dosage)?
- Which drugs interact with oxycodone vs. Vicodin (hydrocodone/acetaminophen)?
- Are oxycodone and Vicodin (hydrocodone/acetaminophen) safe to take during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
Oxycodone vs. Vicodin (hydrocodone/acetaminophen) for pain review
- Oxycodone is a strong opioid narcotic pain reliever (analgesic), and Vicodin is a combination of two drugs, hydrocodone (a strong narcotic pain reliever) and acetaminophen (Tylenol).
- Oxycodone and hydrocodone are similar to other drugs that are opioid narcotics, for example, methadone, fentanyl, and morphine.
- Both oxycodone and Vicodin are prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain. However, hydrocodone also may prescribed to treat fever, inflammation, and cough.
- Oxycodone also is available in combination with acetaminophen (Percocet, Roxicet, Tylox, Oxycet).
- Other brand names for hydrocodone and acetaminophen, for example, include Vicodin ES, Vicodin HP, Lortab, Lorcet, and Norco.
- Common side effects of both oxycodone and Vicodin include:
- The dosages for oxycodone and Vicodin are not the same and should be reviewed prior to taking either medication.
- Oxycodone and Vicodin interact with several other medications, for example, neither drug should be taken with monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI), a class of antidepressants. Combining oxycodone or Vicodin with alcohol or other drugs may lead to increased sedation and cause confusion.
- Acetaminophen taken in large doses or when used with other drugs like alcohol may lead to liver toxicity or liver damage.
- Oxycodone and Vicodin are listed as schedule II drugs by the Controlled Substances Act because their use may lead to addiction and withdrawal symptoms.
What are oxycodone and Vicodin (hydrocodone/acetaminophen), and how do they work?
- Oxycodone: Oxycodone is prescribed strong narcotic pain-reliever and cough suppressant similar to morphine, codeine, and hydrocodone. The precise mechanism of action is not known but may involve stimulation of opioid receptors in the brain. Oxycodone does not eliminate the sensation of pain but decreases discomfort by increasing the tolerance to pain. In addition to tolerance to pain, oxycodone also causes sedation and depression of respiration.
- Vicodin is a prescribed combination of hydrocodone and acetaminophen. Hydrocodone is a strong narcotic pain-reliever (analgesic) and a cough suppressant, similar to codeine. Hydrocodone blocks the receptors on nerve cells in the brain that give rise to the sensation of pain. Acetaminophen is a non-narcotic analgesic (pain reliever) and antipyretic (fever reducer). Acetaminophen works by elevating the threshold to pain, that is, in order for pain to be felt, greater stimulation of the nerves responsible for the sensation of pain is necessary. It reduces fever through its action on the temperature-regulating center of the brain. Frequently, hydrocodone and acetaminophen are combined to achieve pain relief, as in Vicodin.
Quick GuideChronic Pain: Causes and Solutions
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