Over-The-Counter Products Related Diseases & Conditions

Medications are used to manage a variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments that the medication Over-The-Counter Products may be used to treat or manage.

  • Kidney Stones Kidney stones are solid masses of crystalline material that form in the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney stones can include pain,...learn more »
  • Torn Meniscus A torn meniscus (knee cartilage) may be caused by suddenly stopping, sharply twisting, or deep squatting or kneeling when lifting...learn more »
  • Sty A sty is a bump that forms on the eyelid as a result of a blocked gland. Styes may be caused by infections, burns, or trauma to...learn more »
  • Knee Pain Acute injuries, medical conditions, and chronic use conditions are causes of knee pain. Symptoms and signs that accompany knee...learn more »
  • Jock Itch Jock itch is an itchy red rash that appears in the groin area. The rash may be caused by a bacterial or fungal infection. People...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jock Itch Article
    • Jock itch facts
    • What is jock itch? What does jock itch look like?
    • What causes jock itch?
    • Who gets jock itch?
    • What are jock itch symptoms and signs?
    • Does jock itch affect the entire body?
    • How is jock itch diagnosed?
    • Which physicians diagnose and treat jock itch?
    • Is jock itch curable? Is jock itch contagious?
    • What are possible complications of jock itch?
    • What is the treatment for jock itch?
    • What home remedy can I use for jock itch?
    • What holistic jock itch treatments are available?
    • How do I treat fungal jock itch?
    • How do I treat bacterial jock itch?
    • How is itching from jock itch treated?
    • What is the best drug for jock itch?
    • Why is my groin still discolored?
    • What is the prognosis with jock itch?
    • When should someone call a doctor about jock itch?
    • Is it possible to prevent jock itch?
  • Corns Corns and calluses are sometimes painful areas of thickened skin that appear between the toes and fingers or on the soles of the...learn more »
  • Rosacea Rosacea is a skin disease that causes redness of the forehead, chin, and lower half of the nose. In addition to inflammation of...learn more »
  • Poison Ivy Poison ivy, oak, and sumac contain a substance called urushiol, which causes a rash on people who come in contact with them....learn more »
    In This Article
    Poison Ivy Article
    • Poison ivy, oak, and sumac facts
    • What are poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac?
    • What causes a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What are risk factors for poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • How do physicians diagnose poison ivy, oak, and sumac rashes?
    • What is the treatment for a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • Are there any home remedies for a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What is the prognosis of a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • Is it possible to prevent a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
  • Sciatica Sciatica pain, caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve, typically radiates from the low back to behind the thigh to below the...learn more »
  • Yeast Infection (in Women and Men) Vaginal yeast infections in women are caused by an organism called Candida albicans. Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection...learn more »
  • Athlete's Foot Athlete's foot (tinea pedis) is a skin infection caused by the ringworm fungus. Symptoms include itching, burning, cracking,...learn more »
  • Shingles Shingles, or herpes zoster, is a painful rash caused by the varicella zoster virus. Other shingles symptoms include headache,...learn more »
  • Itch (Itching or Pruritus) Itching can be a common problem. Itches can be localized or generalized. There are many causes of itching to include: infection...learn more »
  • Psoriasis Psoriasis is a long-term skin condition that may cause large plaques of red, raised skin, flakes of dry skin, and skin scales....learn more »
    In This Article
    Psoriasis Article
    • Psoriasis facts
    • What is psoriasis?
    • What are psoriasis causes and risk factors?
    • What are the different types of psoriasis?
    • Can psoriasis affect my joints?
    • Can psoriasis affect only my nails?
    • What are psoriasis symptoms and signs? What does psoriasis look like?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose psoriasis?
    • Eczema vs. psoriasis
    • How many people have psoriasis?
    • Is psoriasis contagious?
    • Is there a cure for psoriasis?
    • Is psoriasis hereditary?
    • What kind of doctor treats psoriasis?
    • What is the treatment for psoriasis?
    • What creams, lotions, and home remedies are available for psoriasis?
    • Are psoriasis shampoos available?
    • What oral medications are available for psoriasis?
    • What injections or infusions are available for psoriasis?
    • Is there a psoriasis diet?
    • What about light therapy for psoriasis?
    • What is the long-term prognosis with psoriasis? What are complications of psoriasis?
    • Is it possible to prevent psoriasis?
    • What does the future hold for psoriasis?
    • Is there a national psoriasis support group?
    • Where can people get more information on psoriasis?
  • Diarrhea Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Symptoms associated with diarrhea are cramping, abdominal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diarrhea Article
    • Diarrhea facts
    • What is diarrhea?
    • What is the definition of diarrhea?
    • What symptoms are associated with diarrhea?
    • What are common causes of acute diarrhea?
    • Traveler's diarrhea
    • Viral gastroenteritis
    • Bacterial enterocolitis
    • Food poisoning
    • Parasites
    • Drugs
    • What are common causes of chronic diarrhea?
    • What kind of a doctor treats diarrhea?
    • When should the doctor be called for diarrhea?
    • How is the cause of diarrhea diagnosed?
    • What home remedies help the symptoms of diarrhea?
    • What medications are used to treat diarrhea?
    • When should antibiotics be used for diarrhea?
    • What are the complications of diarrhea?
    • How can dehydration be prevented and treated?
    • What about treatment of diarrhea in infants and young children?
    • What about treating diarrhea in older children and adults?
  • Hemorrhoids Hemorrhoids (piles) are swollen veins in the rectum and anus. Causes include pregnancy, obesity, diarrhea, low-fiber diet, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemorrhoids Article
    • What is the definition of a hemorrhoid?
    • What causes hemorrhoids?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a hemorrhoid?
    • What does a hemorrhoid look like?
    • How is the diagnosis of hemorrhoids made?
    • How are hemorrhoids treated?
    • OTC medications and home remedies for hemorrhoids
    • Non-surgical approaches
    • Hemorrhoid surgery
    • What is the prognosis for hemorrhoids?
  • Folliculitis Folliculitis is a skin condition that causes small red bumps to form around the hair follicles. Skin bacteria such as...learn more »
  • Warts (Common Warts) Common warts are skin growths causes by the human papillomavirus. There are many types of warts, including plantar warts, common...learn more »
  • Constipation Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....learn more »
  • Sjogren's Syndrome Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease involving the abnormal production of extra antibodies that attack the glands and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sjogren's Syndrome Article
    • Sjögren's syndrome facts
    • What is Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What causes Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for developing Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What are Sjögren's syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is Sjögren's syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Sjögren's syndrome? Will dietary changes improve Sjögren's syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are complications of Sjögren's syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What types of doctors treat Sjögren's syndrome?
    • Conclusion
  • Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Gas or "intestinal gas" means different things to different people. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by belching, burping, or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Article
    • Intestinal gas facts
    • What causes belching (burping)?
    • What causes bloating?
    • What causes flatulence (gas)?
    • What are the causes of intermittent abdominal bloating/distention?
    • How are belching, bloating/distention, and flatulence evaluated?
    • What is the treatment for intestinal gas?
    • What's new in intestinal gas?
  • Croup Croup is a contagious viral infection that affects children's respiratory system. Symptoms include a barking cough, stridor,...learn more »
  • Foot Pain Foot pain may be caused by injuries (sprains, strains, bruises, and fractures), diseases (diabetes, Hansen disease, and gout),...learn more »
  • Peripheral Neuropathy Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peripheral Neuropathy Article
    • Peripheral neuropathy facts
    • What is peripheral neuropathy?
    • What causes peripheral neuropathy?
    • What are the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy?
    • How is peripheral neuropathy diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for peripheral neuropathy?
    • Can peripheral neuropathy be prevented?
  • Atopic Dermatitis Eczema is a general term for many types dermatitis (skin inflammation). Atopic dermatitis is the most common of the many types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Atopic Dermatitis Article
    • Atopic dermatitis facts
    • What is atopic dermatitis?
    • What is the difference between atopic dermatitis and eczema?
    • How common is atopic dermatitis?
    • What causes atopic dermatitis?
    • Is atopic dermatitis contagious?
    • What are atopic dermatitis symptoms and signs?
    • Can atopic dermatitis affect the face?
    • What are the stages of atopic dermatitis?
    • How do physicians diagnose atopic dermatitis?
    • What factors can aggravate atopic dermatitis?
    • What are skin irritants in patients with atopic dermatitis?
    • What are allergens?
    • What are aeroallergens?
    • What is the treatment for atopic dermatitis?
    • What is the prognosis of atopic dermatitis?
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by symptoms such as trouble concentrating, headaches, sleep problems,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is anxiety?
    • What are the types of anxiety disorders?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are other mental health diagnoses associated with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for generalized anxiety disorder?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What types of specialists treat generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome Iliotibial band syndrome is an overuse injury of the thigh and knee. Symptoms include knee pain and possible swelling. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Iliotibial Band Syndrome Article
    • Iliotibial band (IT band) syndrome facts
    • What is iliotibial band (IT band) syndrome?
    • What causes iliotibial band (IT band) syndrome?
    • What are iliotibial band (IT band) syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose iliotibial band (IT band) syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for iliotibial band (IT band) syndrome?
    • What stretches and exercises are beneficial for iliotibial band (IT band) syndrome?
    • What exercises should be avoided with iliotibial band (IT band) syndrome?
    • Where can people find more information about iliotibial band (IT band) syndrome?
  • Subconjunctival Hemorrhage A subconjunctival hemorrhage is bleeding under the eye's conjunctiva. There is usually no obvious cause for a subconjunctival...learn more »
    In This Article
    Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Article
    • Subconjunctival hemorrhage facts
    • What is a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • What causes a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • What are subconjunctival hemorrhage symptoms and signs?
    • How is a subconjunctival hemorrhage diagnosed?
    • What are the risk factors for subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • What is the treatment for a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • What is the prognosis for subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • Is it possible to prevent a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
  • Blepharitis Blepharitis is inflammation of the eyelids. Acne rosacea, Staphylococcal bacteria, allergies, sensitivities to makeup or contact...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blepharitis Article
    • Blepharitis facts
    • What is blepharitis?
    • What causes blepharitis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of blepharitis?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose blepharitis?
    • What are complications of blepharitis?
    • What types of doctors treat blepharitis?
    • What is the treatment for blepharitis? Are there home remedies for blepharitis?
    • What is the prognosis for blepharitis?
    • Is it possible to prevent blepharitis?
  • Hair Loss There are many causes of scalp hair loss. This featured article covers the common ones such as patchy hair loss (alopecia areata,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hair Loss Article
    • Hair loss facts
    • What are causes and risk factors for hair loss?
    • What types of doctors treat hair loss?
    • How do physicians classify hair loss?
    • What is alopecia areata?
    • What is traction alopecia?
    • What is trichotillomania?
    • What is tinea capitis?
    • What is generalized (diffuse) hair loss?
    • What is telogen effluvium?
    • What is androgenetic or androgenic alopecia ("male-pattern baldness," "female-pattern baldness")?
    • What treatment is there for hair loss in men?
    • What other options do people have for hair loss?
    • Is hair loss in women different than men?
    • What about pregnancy hair loss?
    • What specific treatments are there for hair loss in women?
    • What vitamins are good for hair loss? Are there home remedies for hair loss?
    • Can itchy scalp cause hair loss?
    • What is the prognosis for hair loss?
    • How do people prevent hair loss?
  • Head Lice Head lice infection is called pediculosis. Lice are parasites that feed on blood and can be found on the scalp and hair of...learn more »
  • Raynaud's Phenomenon Raynaud's phenomenon is characterized by a pale-blue-red sequence of color changes of the digits, most commonly after exposure to...learn more »
  • Teething Teething in babies typically starts between 4 and 10 months of age. Symptoms and signs of cutting teeth include rash, drooling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teething Article
    • Teething facts
    • What is teething?
    • When do babies start teething?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of teething?
    • What is the order of tooth eruption in infants?
    • How long does teething last?
    • When should I call the pediatrician?
    • What medications are used to treat teething pain?
    • What home remedies provide relief for teething pain?
    • How do I care for my baby's new teeth?
    • When should my child see the dentist?
  • Pinkeye Pinkeye, also called conjunctivitis, is redness or irritation of the conjunctivae, the membranes on the inner part of the eyelids...learn more »
  • Acne (Pimples) Acne is a localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of oil glands at the base of hair follicles. This...learn more »
    In This Article
    Acne (Pimples) Article
    • What is acne?
    • What causes acne?
    • What other skin conditions can mimic acne?
    • When should someone start acne treatment?
    • What can people do to get rid of their acne?
    • What are other things you can do for acne? Are there any home remedies for acne?
    • What is a good basic skin regimen?
    • How does a doctor treat acne? Is it possible to remove acne scars?
    • How would you summarize current-day acne treatment?
  • Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence) is the failure to achieve or maintain an erection. There are many potential underlying...learn more »
    In This Article
    Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence) Article
    • Erectile dysfunction (impotence) facts
    • What is erectile dysfunction (ED)?
    • What are erectile dysfunction symptoms and signs?
    • What is normal penis anatomy?
    • How common is erectile dysfunction?
    • How does erection occur?
    • How is erection sustained?
    • What are erectile dysfunction risk factors?
    • What causes erectile dysfunction?
    • How is erectile dysfunction diagnosed?
    • What drugs treat erectile dysfunction?
    • What is the treatment for erectile dysfunction?
    • Oral phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors
    • Sildenafil (Viagra)
    • Vardenafil (Levitra)
    • Tadalafil (Cialis)
    • Avanafil (Stendra)
    • What are intracavernosal injections?
    • What are intraurethral suppositories?
    • How effective is testosterone in treating erectile dysfunction?
    • Can a penis pump (vacuum device) help erectile dysfunction?
    • Can low testosterone level be replaced?
    • What about psychological therapy for erectile dysfunction?
    • Surgery for erectile dysfunction
    • Can over-the-counter (OTC) and/or natural or home remedies treat erectile dysfunction?
    • Is it possible to prevent erectile dysfunction?
    • What is the prognosis for erectile dysfunction?
    • What research is being done for erectile dysfunction?
  • Common Cold The common cold (viral upper respiratory tract infection) is a contagious illness that may be caused by various viruses. Symptoms...learn more »
  • Menstrual Cramps Menstrual cramps (pain in the belly and pelvic area) are experienced by women as a result of menses. Menstrual cramps are not the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstrual Cramps Article
    • Menstrual cramps facts
    • What are menstrual cramps?
    • How common are menstrual cramps?
    • What is dysmenorrhea?
    • What causes menstrual cramps?
    • Why are some cramps so painful?
    • Can menstrual cramps be measured?
    • What other factors influence menstrual cramps?
    • What are the symptoms of menstrual cramps?
    • How are menstrual cramps diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for common menstrual cramps (primary dysmenorrhea)?
    • What if the cramps are very severe?
    • Are there surgical solutions?
    • What is the treatment of secondary dysmenorrhea?
    • What is the long-term outlook (prognosis) for menstrual cramps?
  • Eye Strain Eye strain is a symptom caused by looking at something for a long time. Symptoms and signs include redness, light sensitivity,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eye Strain Article
    • Eye strain facts
    • What is eye strain?
    • What causes eye strain?
    • What are the symptoms of eye strain?
    • What are the signs of eye strain?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose eye strain?
    • What is the treatment for eye strain?
    • What is the prognosis of eye strain?
    • Is it possible to prevent eye strain?
  • Zika Virus The Zika virus is transmitted by the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. Symptoms and signs of a Zika virus infection include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Zika Virus Article
    • Zika virus facts
    • What is Zika virus?
    • What is the history of Zika virus outbreaks?
    • What are causes and risk factors of a Zika virus infection?
    • How is the Zika virus transmitted?
    • What is the incubation period for a Zika virus infection?
    • Is the Zika virus contagious?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a Zika virus infection?
    • What exams and tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose a Zika virus infection?
    • Are there home remedies for a Zika virus infection?
    • What is the treatment for a Zika virus infection?
    • What specialists treat Zika infections?
    • What are the complications of Zika virus infections?
    • What are the risks of contracting a Zika virus infection during pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis of a Zika virus infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent a Zika virus infection?
    • Is there a vaccine against Zika virus?
    • CDC advisory on travel to areas with Zika virus
  • Pericoronitis Pericoronitis is inflammation of the gum tissue around the molars. Pericoronitis commonly occurs in teens or young people when...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pericoronitis Article
    • What is pericoronitis?
    • What causes pericoronitis?
    • What are risk factors for pericoronitis?
    • What are pericoronitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is pericoronitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pericoronitis?
    • Are home remedies effective for pericoronitis?
    • What is the prognosis for pericoronitis?
    • Is it possible to prevent pericoronitis?
  • Scalp Psoriasis Scalp psoriasis causes red, raised, scaly patches that may extend from the scalp to the forehead and the back of the neck and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scalp Psoriasis Article
    • What is scalp psoriasis?
    • What is the cause of scalp psoriasis?
    • What are scalp psoriasis symptoms and signs?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose scalp psoriasis?
    • What are scalp psoriasis home remedies and topical treatments? Are there shampoos for scalp psoriasis?
    • What are office treatments for scalp psoriasis?
    • What are systemic treatments for psoriasis?
    • What is the prognosis of scalp psoriasis? Is there a cure?
    • Which physicians treat scalp psoriasis?
    • Are there support groups for individuals with psoriasis?
  • Jet Lag Jet lag (desynchonosis) is a temporary disorder that results from travel across time zones. Symptoms include anxiety,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jet Lag Article
    • What is jet lag?
    • What are other symptoms and signs of jet lag?
    • What is a time zone?
    • What causes jet lag?
    • How does the body keep time?
    • What is the role of melatonin in jet lag?
    • Does the direction of travel matter?
    • Do the symptoms of jet lag vary in intensity?
    • What are risk factors for jet lag?
    • How long does jet lag last?
    • Should people take melatonin for jet lag?
    • Are there any remedies for jet lag? Is it possible to prevent jet lag?
  • Moles Moles are small skin growths that may appear flat or raised and are often tan, brown, black, reddish brown, or skin colored. They...learn more »
    In This Article
    Moles Article
    • Moles facts
    • What are moles?
    • What causes moles, and what are risk factors for developing moles?
    • What types of moles are there?
    • What are liver spots or age spots?
    • What are seborrheic keratoses?
    • Who is more prone to getting moles?
    • Does having more moles increase one's chance of getting melanoma?
    • Do moles ever disappear spontaneously?
    • Which skin cancers look like moles?
    • How can moles be prevented?
    • How can moles be treated? What are different types of mole removal?
    • Is there a blood test or X-ray to diagnose moles?
  • Obesity Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Obesity Article
    • Obesity facts
    • What is obesity?
    • How common is obesity?
    • What are the health risks associated with obesity?
    • What causes obesity?
    • What are other factors associated with obesity?
    • How is body fat measured?
    • What about weight-for-height tables?
    • What is the body mass index (BMI)?
    • Does it matter where body fat is located? (Is it worse to be an "apple" or a "pear"?)
    • What can be done about obesity?
    • What is the role of physical activity and exercise in obesity?
    • What is the role of diet in the treatment of obesity?
    • What is the role of medication in the treatment of obesity?
    • What about herbal fen/phen?
    • What about meal substitutes, artificial sweeteners, and over-the-counter (OTC) products?
    • What is the role of surgery in the treatment of obesity?
    • How can patients choose a safe and successful weight-loss program?
  • Tinea Versicolor Tinea versicolor is a fungus infection that mainly affects the skin of young people. Recognized by light or reddish brown spots,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tinea Versicolor Article
    • Tinea versicolor facts
    • What is tinea versicolor? What are symptoms and signs of tinea versicolor?
    • What causes tinea versicolor?
    • What other conditions resemble tinea versicolor?
    • How is tinea versicolor diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tinea versicolor?
    • What is the prognosis of tinea versicolor?
    • Can tinea versicolor be prevented?
  • Ear Wax Ear was is a natural substance secreted by special glands in the skin on the outer part of the ear canal. It repels water, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ear Wax Article
    • What is ear wax?
    • What does ear wax look like?
    • Unpleasant symptoms related to excessive ear wax
    • When should ear wax be removed?
    • How should ear wax be removed?
    • Is it OK to use Q-tips?
  • Corneal Ulcer A corneal ulcer is an open sore on the cornea. Infection is a common cause of corneal ulcer. Symptoms and signs of corneal ulcer...learn more »
    In This Article
    Corneal Ulcer Article
    • Corneal ulcer facts
    • What is a corneal ulcer?
    • What does a corneal ulcer look like?
    • What are the causes of a corneal ulcer?
    • What are risk factors for corneal ulcers?
    • What are corneal ulcer symptoms?
    • What are corneal ulcer signs?
    • What types of doctors treat corneal ulcers?
    • How does a health-care professional diagnose a corneal ulcer?
    • What is the treatment for a corneal ulcer?
    • What is the healing time for a corneal ulcer?
    • What is the prognosis of a corneal ulcer?
    • Is it possible to prevent corneal ulcers?
  • Cold Sores (Nongenital Herpes Simplex Infections) Herpes simplex infections are common and when they appear around the mouth and lips, people often refer to them as "cold sores"...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cold Sores (Nongenital Herpes Simplex Infections) Article
    • Herpes simplex infections (nongenital cold sores) facts
    • What are herpes simplex infections?
    • What causes cold sores?
    • What makes herpes (cold sores) recur?
    • How do cold sores spread?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cold sores?
    • What is primary oral herpes?
    • What does recurrent herpes look like?
    • How long do cold sores last?
    • What are the risk factors for herpes simplex infections?
    • What are the possible complications of oral herpes (cold sores)?
    • What is the prognosis for oral herpes (cold sores)?
    • What other conditions can look like oral herpes (cold sores)?
    • What is angular stomatitis?
    • What are canker sores?
    • How is oral herpes diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cold sores, are there any home remedies, and what medications are used?
    • Is it possible to prevent cold sores?
  • Melasma Melasma is a patchy brown discoloration of the skin on the face. When it occurs in pregnancy, it's called chloasma. Melasma is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Melasma Article
    • Melasma facts
    • What is melasma? What are signs of melasma?
    • What causes melasma?
    • Where is melasma seen on the body?
    • What are the types of melasma?
    • How is melasma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for melasma?
    • What melasma treatments can I have at my doctor's office?
    • Do lasers work for melasma?
    • How does hydroquinone work in melasma?
    • Are there non-hydroquinone alternative treatments for melasma?
    • What is Tri-Luma?
    • What SPF is recommended for melasma?
    • Can melasma be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for melasma?
  • Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach) Dyspepsia (indigestion) is a functional disease in which the gastrointestinal organs, primarily the stomach and first part of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach) Article
    • Dyspepsia (indigestion) facts
    • What is dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What are the symptoms of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What causes dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What is the course of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What are the complications of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • How is dyspepsia diagnosed (indigestion)?
    • Exclusion of other diseases
    • Specific tests of gastrointestinal function
    • How is dyspepsia (indigestion) treated and relieved?
    • What is a reasonable approach to the diagnosis and treatment of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What is in the future for dyspepsia (indigestion)?
  • Lactose Intolerance In lactose intolerance, the digestive system cannot digest lactose (the main sugar in milk). Symptoms of lactose intolerance...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lactose Intolerance Article
    • Lactose intolerance facts
    • What is lactose intolerance?
    • What causes lactose intolerance?
    • What are the symptoms of lactose intolerance?
    • How are lactase deficiency and lactose intolerance diagnosed?
    • Elimination diet
    • Milk challenge
    • Breath test
    • Blood glucose test
    • Stool acidity test
    • What are the sources of lactose in the diet?
    • How is lactose intolerance treated?
    • What are the long-term consequences of lactose intolerance?
    • What is new in lactose intolerance?
  • Sprains and Strains An injury to a ligament is called a sprain, and an injury to muscle or tendon is called a strain. Sprains and strains may be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sprains and Strains Article
    • Sprains and strains facts
    • What is the difference between a sprain and a strain?
    • What causes a sprain or strain?
    • Where do sprains and strains usually occur?
    • What are sprain symptoms and signs?
    • How are sprains and strains diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for sprains and strains?
    • What is the recovery time for sprains and strains?
    • Is it possible to prevent sprains and strains?
    • What is the prognosis of sprains and strains?
    • Where can people find more information about sprains and strains?
  • Interstitial Cystitis (IC) Interstitial cystitis (IC) is an inflammatory disease of the bladder that can cause ulceration and bleeding of the bladder's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Interstitial Cystitis (IC) Article
    • Interstitial cystitis facts
    • Overview of urinary function
    • What is interstitial cystitis (IC)?
    • What is the cause of interstitial cystitis?
    • What are interstitial cystitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is interstitial cystitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for interstitial cystitis?
    • Are lifestyle modifications of value in the management of interstitial cystitis?
    • Are there any special concerns about interstitial cystitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of interstitial cystitis?
  • Chickenpox (Varicella) Chickenpox (chicken pox) is a contagious childhood disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Symptoms have an incubation...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chickenpox (Varicella) Article
    • Chickenpox facts
    • What is chickenpox? What causes chickenpox?
    • How does chickenpox spread?
    • What are chickenpox symptoms and signs?
    • What are treatment options for chickenpox?
    • What are the possible complications of chickenpox?
    • Can chickenpox be prevented with a vaccine?
  • Molluscum Contagiosum Molluscum contagiosum is a skin disease that causes pink painless bumps on the skin. It typically resolves in six to 12 months....learn more »
    In This Article
    Molluscum Contagiosum Article
    • Molluscum contagiosum facts
    • What is molluscum contagiosum?
    • Is molluscum contagiosum contagious?
    • What is the incubation period for molluscum contagiosum?
    • How long does the infection with molluscum contagiosum last? When does a person become noncontagious?
    • What causes molluscum contagiosum?
    • What are risk factors for molluscum contagiosum?
    • What are molluscum contagiosum symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose molluscum contagiosum?
    • What is the treatment for molluscum contagiosum?
    • Are there any home remedies for molluscum contagiosum?
    • What is the prognosis of molluscum contagiosum?
    • Is it possible to prevent molluscum contagiosum?
  • Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis) Hyperhidrosis is excessive sweating of the underarms, palms, or soles of the feet. Treatment may involve over-the-counter...learn more »
    In This Article
    Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis) Article
    • Hyperhidrosis facts
    • What is hyperhidrosis?
    • What is the cause of hyperhidrosis?
    • What is the treatment of hyperhidrosis?
    • Can surgery treat hyperhidrosis? What are potential side effects of surgery for hyperhidrosis?
  • Asthma: Over the Counter Treatment Patients who have infrequent, mild bouts of asthma attacks may use over-the-counter (OTC) medications to treat their asthma...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma: Over the Counter Treatment Article
    • Asthma introduction
    • What is asthma?
    • What medications are used to treat asthma?
    • How do over-the-counter (OTC) medicines for asthma work?
    • What factors should be considered in choosing and using OTC epinephrine or ephedrine?
    • What side effects and drug interactions are there with OTC asthma medicines?
    • What are additional measures in the management of asthma?
  • Burns (First Aid) Burns are categorized by severity as first, second, or third degree. First degree burns are similar to a painful sunburn. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Burns (First Aid) Article
    • Introduction to burns
    • How are burns classified?
    • What is the significance of the amount of body area burned?
    • How important is the location of a burn?
    • What about electrical burns?
    • What about chemical burns?
    • First aid for burns
  • Alopecia Areata Alopecia areata is a condition that causes hair loss on the scalp and sometimes other parts of the body. It is believed to be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alopecia Areata Article
    • Alopecia areata facts
    • What is alopecia areata?
    • What causes alopecia areata?
    • What are the different patterns of alopecia areata?
    • Who is affected by alopecia areata?
    • How is alopecia areata diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for alopecia areata?
  • Knee Injury Knee injuries, especially meniscus tears, are common in contact sports. Symptoms and signs of a torn meniscus include knee pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Injury Article
    • Knee injury facts
    • What are the different types of knee injuries?
    • What causes a knee injury?
    • What are risk factors for a knee injury?
    • What are knee injury symptoms and signs?
    • How is a knee injury diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a knee injury?
    • What exercises are recommended, and what exercises should be avoided during rehabilitation for a knee injury?
    • What is the recovery time for a knee injury?
    • What is the prognosis of a knee injury?
    • Can knee injuries be prevented?
  • Stretch Marks Stretch marks occur in the dermis, the elastic middle layer of skin that allows it to retain its shape. When the skin is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stretch Marks Article
    • Stretch mark facts
    • What are stretch marks?
    • What causes stretch marks?
    • What are risk factors for stretch marks?
    • What are symptoms and signs of stretch marks?
    • How are stretch marks diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stretch marks?
    • Are there any home remedies for stretch marks?
    • What is the prognosis of stretch marks?
    • Can stretch marks be prevented?
  • Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments Before treating a cold, the flu, or allergies with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, it's important to know what's causing the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments Article
    • Facts about cold, flu, and allergy treatments
    • Introduction to cold, flu, and allergy treatments
    • What are the differences between allergy, cold, and flu symptoms?
    • What are the different types of medications for headaches, body aches, fever, and flu-like symptoms?
    • Nasal congestion, sneezing, and runny nose
    • Cough
    • Sore throat and other symptoms
    • What about vitamin C and zinc?
    • What are some important considerations for the safe use of OTC products?
  • Dandruff (Seborrhea) Dandruff (seborrhea) is a skin disorder that results from neither too much moisture nor too much oil. Dandruff can be treated...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dandruff (Seborrhea) Article
    • Dandruff facts
    • What is dandruff? What causes dandruff?
    • What treatments are available for dandruff?
    • What doesn't help dandruff?
    • What over-the-counter products can help dandruff?
    • If over-the-counter products don't work, what can the doctor prescribe for dandruff?
  • Teen Drug Abuse Drugs commonly abused by teens include tobacco products, marijuana, cold medications, inhalants, depressants, stimulants,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teen Drug Abuse Article
    • Teen drug abuse facts
    • What drugs are abused by teenagers?
    • What are some adolescent drug use statistics?
    • What are the dangerous effects of drug use in teens?
    • How can parents prevent drug use?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of drug abuse?
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of teen drug use?
    • What are the symptoms of drug abuse in teens?
    • What is the treatment of drug intoxication?
    • What are treatments for drug addiction?
    • Where can a person get help for teen drug abuse?
  • 6 Birth Control Options There are a variety of birth control options to choose from. It varies from person to person and their preferences to either...learn more »
  • Bug Bites and Stings Bug bites and stings have been known to transmit insect-borne illnesses such as West Nile virus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bug Bites and Stings Article
    • Bug bites and stings facts*
    • Bug bites and stings introduction
    • What can I do to keep insects away?
    • What's the proper way to use insect repellent?
    • What's the best way to remove a bee stinger?
    • What should I do if I find a tick on me or my child?
    • What can be done for itching and pain from bites and stings?
    • When is medical attention needed?
    • Where can I find more information on bug bites and stings?
  • Is Ringworm Contagious? A fungus causes ringworm. Ringworm can be transmitted from person to person. Animals may also spread ringworm. Ringworm causes an...learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Ringworm Contagious? Article
    • What is ringworm?
    • Is ringworm contagious?
    • How will I know if I am infected with ringworm?
    • How does ringworm spread?
    • How will I know if I am cured of ringworm?
    • When should I seek medical care for a ringworm infection?
  • Vitamins and Calcium Supplements Vitamins are organic substances that are essential for the proper growth and functioning of the body. Calcium is a mineral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vitamins and Calcium Supplements Article
    • What are vitamins, and why are they important?
    • Calcium
    • Vitamin D
    • Folic Acid
    • Vitamin E
    • Vitamin A
    • Vitamin C
    • Vitamin B12
    • Vitamin B6
    • Thiamin (vitamin B1)
    • Niacin
    • Riboflavin
    • Vitamin K
  • Shingles and Pregnancy Becoming infected with chickenpox during pregnancy could cause birth defects in your unborn child. Likewise, shingles could also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shingles and Pregnancy Article
    • Shingles in pregnancy facts
    • What is shingles?
    • What do shingles look like?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of shingles?
    • How is shingles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Antiviral medication to treat shingles
    • Pain medication to treat shingles
    • Antihistamine medication to treat shingles
    • What are the complications of shingles in pregnancy?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Can shingles in pregnancy be prevented?
  • Heart Attack Prevention About every 43 seconds in the US one in person in the US has a heart attack. Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Prevention Article
    • Heart attack prevention facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack in men and women?
    • Are signs and symptoms of a heart attack different in women?
    • What can I do to prevent a heart attack when home alone?
    • What kinds of diets are recommended to prevent heart attacks?
    • What tips and lifestyle changes can be made to prevent a heart attack?
    • Will exercise reduce my risk of having a heart attack?
    • What diseases or conditions put a person at a higher risk for a heart attack?
  • Scars Scar formation is a natural part of the healing process after injury. The depth and size of the wound incision and the location...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scars Article
    • Scars facts
    • What is a scar?
    • What are the different types of scars?
    • What causes a scar?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a scar?
    • How are scars diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a scar?
    • Are there any home remedies to reduce scarring?
    • What is the prognosis of a scar?
    • Can scarring be prevented?
    • Does insurance coverage apply to scar treatments?
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cigarette addiction?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • Nicotine patches
    • Nicorette gum
    • Nicotine lozenges
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How can nicotine-containing products be used safely?
    • What are e-cigarettes?
    • Is an e-cigarette harmful?
    • Is secondhand smoke from e-cigarettes harmful?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants) Insomnia is difficulty in falling or staying asleep, the absence of restful sleep, or poor quality of sleep. Insomnia is a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants) Article
    • What is insomnia and what causes it?
    • What are natural treatments for insomnia?
    • Melatonin
    • What over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are there for insomnia?
    • Antihistamines
    • What prescription medicines are there for insomnia?
    • What stimulant products are available OTC?
    • Caffeine
  • Mycobacterium Marinum Mycobacterium marinum (M. marinum) is bacteria found in fresh and saltwater that can infect the skin through cuts or scrapes,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mycobacterium Marinum Article
    • What is Mycobacterium marinum?
    • What are other names for Mycobacterium marinum infections?
    • How common is Mycobacterium marinum?
    • How does a person get infected with Mycobacterium marinum?
    • Who is at risk for Mycobacterium marinum infection?
    • What are the symptoms of Mycobacterium marinum infection?
    • What tests are available to diagnose the infection?
    • How is Mycobacterium marinum infection treated?
    • What is the prognosis for those infected with Mycobacterium marinum?
    • What are possible complications from Mycobacterium marinum?
    • Do fish get infected with Mycobacterium marinum?
    • What else could it be?
    • How can I prevent this infection?
  • Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a common cause of mononucleosis (viral pharyngitis). Symptoms and signs of an EBV infection...learn more »
    In This Article
    Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Article
    • Epstein-Barr virus infection facts
    • What is the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)?
    • What are causes and risk factors for an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • Is the Epstein-Barr virus contagious?
    • How long is an Epstein-Barr virus infection contagious?
    • How is the Epstein-Barr virus transmitted?
    • What is the incubation period for an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • What are symptoms and signs of an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • What is the treatment for an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • Are there any home remedies for an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • What are possible complications of an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • What is the prognosis of an Epstein-Barr virus infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent an Epstein-Barr virus infection? Is there an EBV vaccine?
  • Braces and Retainers Find out more about how orthodontic braces and retainers can provide proper alignment to crooked teeth. Get information about the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Braces and Retainers Article
    • What are dental braces?
    • Who is a good candidate for braces?
    • What are the different types of braces?
    • How do braces work?
    • What is the procedure for getting braces?
    • Do braces hurt?
    • How much do braces cost? Does insurance cover orthodontic treatment?
    • What is it like to have braces?
    • What happens after braces come off?
  • Tips for Managing Type 1 and 2 Diabetes at Home Managing your diabetes is a full time commitment. The goal of diabetic therapy is to control blood glucose levels and prevent the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tips for Managing Type 1 and 2 Diabetes at Home Article
    • Diabetes home care management facts
    • What is diabetes?
    • What is the treatment for diabetes?
    • Exercise therapy for diabetes
    • Diet therapy for diabetes
    • Diabetes and drug therapy
    • How is diabetic treatment monitored at home?
    • Blood glucose reagent strips
    • Blood glucose meters
    • Urine glucose tests
    • Tests for urinary ketones
    • Blood glucose
    • Continuous glucose sensors (CGMS)
    • Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) testing
  • Sunscreen Sunscreens are crucial for sun protection. Sun damage to the skin from exposure to ultraviolet rays is a risk factor for skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sunscreen Article
    • What is sun protection?
    • How is sunburn best prevented?
    • What is sunscreen?
    • What is meant by SPF?
    • Are all sunscreens equally effective against UV radiation?
    • How do sunscreens work, and which sunscreen ingredients protect against both types of UV radiation?
    • How should skin sunscreens be applied?
    • Do water or perspiration wash off sunscreen?
    • Can sunscreens cause a skin reaction?
    • Should everyone use sunscreen protection?
    • Can the labels on sunscreen products be trusted in the U.S.?
    • Do all tanning products contain sunscreens?
    • What kind of sunglasses offer protection against UV rays?
    • Is sunscreen protection necessary in the winter?
    • Are a good sunscreen and sunglasses enough?
  • Is Dandruff (Seborrhea) Contagious? Seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff) is a chronic condition in which skin on the scalp flakes and sheds. Dandruff is not contagious....learn more »
    In This Article
    Is Dandruff (Seborrhea) Contagious? Article
    • What is dandruff?
    • Is dandruff contagious?
    • How will I know if I have dandruff?
    • How is dandruff spread?
    • How will I know if I am cured of dandruff?
    • When should I contact a medical caregiver about dandruff?
  • Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injury The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is one of four ligaments that stabilize the knee. MCL injuries are referred to as tears or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injury Article
    • Medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury facts
    • What is the medial collateral ligament (MCL)?
    • What are the different types of medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries?
    • What are causes and risk factors of medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries?
    • What are medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury symptoms and signs?
    • What tests are used to diagnose and assess medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries?
    • What is the treatment for a medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury?
    • Is surgery required for medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries?
    • Are there any home remedies for MCL injuries?
    • What are possible complications of medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries?
    • What is the prognosis of a medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury? What is the recovery time for an MCL injury?
    • Is it possible to prevent a medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury?
  • Infant Formulas Though human milk is the preferred feeding for infants, parents may consider formula-feeding if there is an inadequate supply of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Infant Formulas Article
    • Which is better, breastfeeding or formula-feeding?
    • What is in an infant formula, and how do I choose the right one?
    • Can I make my own infant formula?
    • So, what types of formula should parents give to their babies?
  • Insect Sting Allergies The majority of stinging insects in the United States are from Bees, Yellow Jackets, Hornets, Wasps and Fire Ants. Severity of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insect Sting Allergies Article
    • Stinging insect allergy facts
    • What are stinging insects?
    • Who is at risk for insect sting allergies?
    • What types of insect sting reactions occur?
    • How is a severe allergic reaction immediately treated?
    • How can I avoid insect stings?
    • What can I do about becoming immune to insect allergy?