Over-The-Counter Products Related Diseases & Conditions

Medications are used to manage a variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments that the medication Over-The-Counter Products may be used to treat or manage.

  • Psoriasis Psoriasis is a long-term skin condition that may cause large plaques of red, raised skin, flakes of dry skin, and skin scales....learn more »
  • Constipation Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....learn more »
    In This Article
    Constipation Article
    • Constipation facts
    • What is constipation?
    • What causes constipation?
    • Medications that cause constipation
    • Other causes of constipation
    • What are constipation symptoms?
    • How is constipation evaluated (diagnosed)?
    • What treatments are available for constipation?
    • Home remedies and OTC medications to treat constipation
    • Prescription drugs to treat constipation
    • Other treatments for constipation
    • What is the approach to the evaluation and treatment of constipation?
    • When should I seek medical care for chronic constipation?
    • What's new in the treatment of constipation?
  • Athlete's Foot Athlete's foot (tinea pedis) is a skin infection caused by the ringworm fungus. Symptoms include itching, burning, cracking,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Athlete's Foot Article
    • Athlete's foot facts
    • What is athlete's foot?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of athlete's foot?
    • What does athlete's foot look like?
    • Is athlete's foot contagious?
    • What else causes foot rashes?
    • What is the treatment for athlete's foot?
    • What home remedy can I use for athlete's foot?
    • How can I treat athlete's foot in pregnancy?
    • When should I seek medical care?
    • What are possible complications of athlete's foot?
    • What kind of doctor treats athlete's foot?
    • How can I prevent future athlete's foot infections?
  • Sty A sty is a bump that forms on the eyelid as a result of a blocked gland. Styes may be caused by infections, burns, or trauma to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sty Article
    • What is a Sty (Stye)?
    • What causes a Sty (Stye)?
    • What are the risk factors for a Sty (Stye)?
    • How is a Sty (Stye) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a Sty (Stye)?
    • Are home remedies effective for a Sty (Stye)?
    • What is the prognosis for a Sty (Stye)?
    • Can a Sty (Stye) be prevented?
  • Jock Itch Jock itch is an itchy red rash that appears in the groin area. The rash may be caused by a bacterial or fungal infection. People...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jock Itch Article
    • Jock itch facts
    • What is jock itch? What does jock itch look like?
    • What causes jock itch?
    • Who gets jock itch?
    • What are jock itch symptoms and signs?
    • Does jock itch affect the entire body?
    • How is jock itch diagnosed?
    • Is jock itch curable? Is jock itch contagious?
    • What are possible complications of jock itch?
    • What is the treatment for jock itch?
    • What home remedy can I use for jock itch?
    • What holistic jock itch treatments are available?
    • How do I treat fungal jock itch?
    • How do I treat bacterial jock itch?
    • How is itching from jock itch treated?
    • Why is my groin still discolored?
    • What is the best drug for jock itch?
    • What is the prognosis with jock itch?
    • When should I call my doctor about jock itch?
    • How do I prevent jock itch?
  • Menstrual Cramps Menstrual cramps (pain in the belly and pelvic area) are experienced by women as a result of menses. Menstrual cramps are not the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstrual Cramps Article
    • Menstrual cramps facts
    • What are menstrual cramps?
    • How common are menstrual cramps?
    • What is dysmenorrhea?
    • What causes menstrual cramps?
    • Why are some cramps so painful?
    • Can menstrual cramps be measured?
    • What other factors influence menstrual cramps?
    • What are the symptoms of menstrual cramps?
    • How are menstrual cramps diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for common menstrual cramps (primary dysmenorrhea)?
    • What if the cramps are very severe?
    • Are there surgical solutions?
    • What is the treatment of secondary dysmenorrhea?
    • What is the long-term outlook (prognosis) for menstrual cramps?
  • Corns Corns and calluses are sometimes painful areas of thickened skin that appear between the toes and fingers or on the soles of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Corns Article
    • Corns and calluses facts
    • What are corns and calluses?
    • Why do corns and calluses develop?
    • What are risk factors for corns and calluses?
    • What are symptoms and signs of corns and calluses?
    • How are corns and calluses diagnosed?
    • How can corns and calluses be treated?
    • When should someone seek professional treatment for corns or calluses?
    • What is the prognosis for corns and calluses?
    • How can corns and calluses be prevented?
  • Torn Meniscus A torn meniscus (knee cartilage) may be caused by suddenly stopping, sharply twisting, or deep squatting or kneeling when lifting...learn more »
  • Warts (Common Warts) Common warts are skin growths causes by the human papillomavirus. There are many types of warts, including plantar warts, common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Warts (Common Warts) Article
    • Wart facts
    • What are warts?
    • What are some types of warts?
    • What is the treatment for warts?
    • Is using over-the-counter wart treatments safe?
    • Are wart treatments effective?
    • What if wart removal treatments fail?
  • Rosacea Rosacea is a skin disease that causes redness of the forehead, chin, and lower half of the nose. In addition to inflammation of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rosacea Article
    • Rosacea facts
    • What is rosacea? Is rosacea contagious?
    • Is rosacea like acne?
    • What are causes and risk factors of rosacea?
    • What are rosacea symptoms and signs?
    • How is rosacea diagnosed?
    • What happens to the nose and the eyes?
    • How is rosacea cured?
    • What about using acne medicine?
    • What is the treatment for rosacea?
    • What should be avoided? What foods are good for rosacea?
    • What natural remedies can help rosacea?
    • Does rosacea get worse with age?
    • How should I care for the skin of my face?
    • How are the telangiectasias (the red lines) treated?
    • How is a rhinophyma (the W.C. Fields nose) treated?
    • What effect may rosacea have on my life?
    • Where can people get more information about rosacea?
  • Itching Itching can be a common problem. Itches can be localized or generalized. There are many causes of itching to include: infection...learn more »
    In This Article
    Itching Article
    • Itch facts
    • What is an itch?
    • What are associated symptoms and signs of itching?
    • What causes itching?
    • How is the cause of itching diagnosed?
    • Should I scratch the itch?
    • What are topical itch treatments? Are there any home remedies for itching?
    • What are oral itch treatments?
    • Can itching be prevented?
    • When should the doctor be consulted for itching?
    • What are possible complications of itching?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for itching?
  • Pink Eye Pink eye, also called conjunctivitis, is redness or irritation of the conjunctivae, the membranes on the inner part of the...learn more »
  • Folliculitis Folliculitis is a skin condition that causes small red bumps to form around the hair follicles. Skin bacteria such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Folliculitis Article
    • Folliculitis facts
    • What is folliculitis? What are folliculitis symptoms and signs? What does folliculitis look like?
    • Who develops folliculitis?
    • What are the causes of folliculitis?
    • How is folliculitis diagnosed?
    • What else could folliculitis look like?
    • What are common types of folliculitis?
    • What is hot tub folliculitis or Jacuzzi folliculitis?
    • What is razor burn folliculitis?
    • What is pseudofolliculitis barbae?
    • Is folliculitis curable? Is folliculitis contagious?
    • What are possible complications of folliculitis?
    • How is folliculitis treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) with folliculitis?
    • How do I prevent folliculitis?
  • Head Lice Head lice infection is called pediculosis. Lice are parasites that feed on blood and can be found on the scalp and hair of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head Lice Article
    • Head lice facts
    • What are head lice?
    • How common is head lice infestation?
    • Who is at risk for getting head lice?
    • How in the world does a child get head lice?
    • What do head lice look like?
    • Where are head lice most commonly found?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of head lice infestation?
    • How is a head lice infestation diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a head lice infestation (pediculosis)?
    • My child has head lice. I don't. Should I treat myself to prevent being infested?
    • Should my pets be treated for head lice?
    • My child is under 2 years of age and has been diagnosed with head lice. Can I treat my child with prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) drugs?
    • What OTC medications are available to treat head lice?
    • What is the prescription drug used to treat head lice?
    • Are any home remedies effective at getting rid of head lice?
    • Which head lice medicine is best for me?
    • What are the rules with head lice medicines?
    • How can I prevent head lice?
    • Should household sprays be used to kill adult lice?
    • Should I have a pest-control company spray my house?
    • What is the prognosis of a head lice infestation?
  • Foot Pain Foot pain may be caused by injuries (sprains, strains, bruises, and fractures), diseases (diabetes, Hansen disease, and gout),...learn more »
    In This Article
    Foot Pain Article
    • How is the foot designed?
    • What causes foot pain?
    • What other symptoms and signs may accompany foot pain?
    • When should I seek medical treatment for foot pain?
    • How is foot pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for foot pain?
    • What follow-up care is needed after foot pain is treated?
    • How can foot pain be prevented?
    • Foot Pain At A Glance
  • Subconjunctival Hemorrhage A subconjunctival hemorrhage is bleeding under the eye's conjunctiva. There is usually no obvious cause for a subconjunctival...learn more »
    In This Article
    Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Article
    • Subconjunctival Hemorrhage facts
    • What is a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • What causes a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • How is a subconjunctival hemorrhage diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a subconjunctival hemorrhage?
    • Can a subconjunctival hemorrhage be prevented?
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by physical symptoms. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What are the different types of anxiety?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for anxiety?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • How is generalized anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Diarrhea Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diarrhea Article
    • Diarrhea facts
    • What is diarrhea?
    • How is diarrhea defined?
    • Why does diarrhea develop?
    • What symptoms are associated with diarrhea?
    • What are common causes of acute diarrhea?
    • Viral gastroenteritis
    • Food poisoning
    • Traveler's diarrhea
    • Bacterial enterocolitis
    • Parasites
    • Drugs
    • What are common causes of chronic diarrhea?
    • What are the complications of diarrhea?
    • When should the doctor be called for diarrhea?
    • What tests are useful in the evaluation of diarrhea?
    • How can dehydration be prevented and treated?
    • What is the treatment for diarrhea?
    • When should antibiotics be used for diarrhea?
  • Hemorrhoids Hemorrhoids (piles) are swollen veins in the rectum and anus. Causes include pregnancy, obesity, diarrhea, low-fiber diet, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hemorrhoids Article
    • Definition of hemorrhoid
    • What causes hemorrhoids?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a hemorrhoid?
    • What does a hemorrhoid look like?
    • How is the diagnosis of hemorrhoids made?
    • How are hemorrhoids treated?
    • OTC medications and home remedies for hemorrhoids
    • Non-surgical approaches
    • Hemorrhoid surgery
    • What is the prognosis for hemorrhoids?
  • Knee Pain Acute injuries, medical conditions, and chronic use conditions are causes of knee pain. Symptoms and signs that accompany knee...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Pain Article
    • Knee pain facts
    • What is knee pain?
    • What are knee pain symptoms and signs?
    • What causes knee pain?
    • What are risk factors for knee pain?
    • When should people with knee pain call a health-care professional?
    • What are some of the complications of knee pain?
    • How do physicians diagnose knee pain?
    • What is the treatment for knee pain?
    • Are there any home remedies for relief of knee pain?
    • What is the prognosis of knee pain?
  • Hair Loss There are many causes of scalp hair loss. This featured article covers the common ones such as patchy hair loss (alopecia areata,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hair Loss Article
    • Hair loss facts
    • What are causes of hair loss?
    • How do physicians classify hair loss?
    • What is alopecia areata?
    • What is traction alopecia?
    • What is trichotillomania?
    • What is tinea capitis?
    • What is generalized (diffuse) hair loss?
    • What is telogen effluvium?
    • What is androgenetic or androgenic alopecia ("male-pattern baldness," "female-pattern baldness")?
    • What treatment is there for hair loss in men?
    • What other options do people have for hair loss?
    • Is hair loss in women different than men?
    • What about pregnancy hair loss?
    • What specific treatments are there for hair loss in women?
    • What vitamins are good for hair loss?
    • Can itchy scalp cause hair loss?
    • How do people prevent hair loss?
  • Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Gas or "intestinal gas" means different things to different people. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by belching or farting...learn more »
    In This Article
    Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence) Article
    • Intestinal gas facts
    • What causes belching?
    • What causes bloating?
    • What causes flatulence (gas)?
    • What are the causes of intermittent abdominal bloating/distention?
    • How is belching, bloating/distention, and flatulence evaluated?
    • How is excessive intestinal gas treated?
  • Yeast Infection (in Women and Men) Vaginal yeast infections in women are caused by an organism called Candida albicans. Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection...learn more »
    In This Article
    Yeast Infection (in Women and Men) Article
    • Vaginal yeast infection facts
    • What is a vaginal yeast infection?
    • What causes a vaginal yeast infection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection?
    • How is a vaginal yeast infection diagnosed?
    • Are there home remedies to treat a vaginal yeast infection?
    • What over-the-counter medications are available to treat a vaginal yeast infection?
    • When are oral prescription medications used to treat a vaginal yeast infection?
    • Can a man get a yeast infection from his sexual partner?
    • What are the symptoms of a yeast infection in men?
    • What is the treatment for yeast infection in men?
    • How can vaginal yeast infections be prevented?
    • How can a man protect himself from contracting a yeast infection from his partner?
  • Sjogren's Syndrome Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease involving the abnormal production of extra antibodies that attack the glands and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sjogren's Syndrome Article
    • Sjögren's syndrome facts
    • What is Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What causes Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for developing Sjögren's syndrome?
    • What are Sjögren's syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is Sjögren's syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Sjögren's syndrome? Will dietary changes improve Sjögren's syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • What are complications of Sjögren's syndrome?
    • Can Sjögren's syndrome be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with Sjögren's syndrome?
    • Conclusion
  • Peripheral Neuropathy Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Peripheral Neuropathy Article
    • Peripheral neuropathy facts
    • What is peripheral neuropathy?
    • What causes peripheral neuropathy?
    • What are the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy?
    • How is peripheral neuropathy diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for peripheral neuropathy?
    • Can peripheral neuropathy be prevented?
  • Acne (Pimples) Acne is a localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of oil glands at the base of hair follicles. This...learn more »
    In This Article
    Acne (Pimples) Article
    • What is acne?
    • What causes acne?
    • What other skin conditions can mimic acne?
    • When should you start acne treatment?
    • What can you do about acne on your own?
    • What are other things you can do for acne? Are there any home remedies for acne?
    • What is a good basic skin regimen?
    • What can the doctor do for acne?
    • How would you sum up current-day acne treatment?
  • Melasma Melasma is a patchy brown discoloration of the skin on the face. When it occurs in pregnancy, it's called chloasma. Melasma is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Melasma Article
    • Melasma facts
    • What is melasma? What are signs of melasma?
    • What causes melasma?
    • Where is melasma seen on the body?
    • What are the types of melasma?
    • How is melasma diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for melasma?
    • What melasma treatments can I have at my doctor's office?
    • Do lasers work for melasma?
    • How does hydroquinone work in melasma?
    • Are there non-hydroquinone alternative treatments for melasma?
    • What is Tri-Luma?
    • What SPF is recommended for melasma?
    • Can melasma be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for melasma?
  • Blepharitis Blepharitis is inflammation of the eyelids. Acne rosacea, Staphylococcal bacteria, allergies, sensitivities to makeup or contact...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blepharitis Article
    • Blepharitis facts
    • What is blepharitis?
    • What causes blepharitis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of blepharitis?
    • How is blepharitis diagnosed?
    • What are complications of blepharitis?
    • What is the treatment for blepharitis?
    • What is the prognosis for blepharitis?
  • Tinea Versicolor Tinea versicolor is a fungus infection that mainly affects the skin of young people. Recognized by light or reddish brown spots,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tinea Versicolor Article
    • Tinea versicolor facts
    • What is tinea versicolor? What are symptoms and signs of tinea versicolor?
    • What causes tinea versicolor?
    • What other conditions resemble tinea versicolor?
    • How is tinea versicolor diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tinea versicolor?
    • What is the prognosis of tinea versicolor?
    • Can tinea versicolor be prevented?
  • Lactose Intolerance In lactose intolerance, the digestive system cannot digest lactose (the main sugar in milk). Symptoms of lactose intolerance...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lactose Intolerance Article
    • Lactose intolerance facts
    • What is lactose intolerance?
    • What causes lactose intolerance?
    • What are the symptoms of lactose intolerance?
    • How are lactase deficiency and lactose intolerance diagnosed?
    • Elimination diet
    • Milk challenge
    • Breath test
    • Blood glucose test
    • Stool acidity test
    • What are the sources of lactose in the diet?
    • How is lactose intolerance treated?
    • What are the long-term consequences of lactose intolerance?
    • What is new in lactose intolerance?
  • Poison Ivy Poison ivy, oak, and sumac contain a substance called urushiol, which causes a rash on people who come in contact with them....learn more »
    In This Article
    Poison Ivy Article
    • Poison ivy, oak, and sumac facts
    • What are poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac?
    • What causes a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What are risk factors for poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • How do physicians diagnose poison ivy, oak, and sumac rashes?
    • What is the treatment for a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • Are there any home remedies for a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • What is the prognosis of a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
    • Is it possible to prevent a poison ivy, oak, or sumac rash?
  • Alopecia Areata Alopecia areata is a condition that causes hair loss on the scalp and sometimes other parts of the body. It is believed to be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alopecia Areata Article
    • Alopecia areata facts
    • What is alopecia areata?
    • What causes alopecia areata?
    • What are the different patterns of alopecia areata?
    • Who is affected by alopecia areata?
    • How is alopecia areata diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for alopecia areata?
  • Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach) Dyspepsia (indigestion) is a functional disease in which the gastrointestinal organs, primarily the stomach and first part of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach) Article
    • Dyspepsia (indigestion) facts
    • What is dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What are the symptoms of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What causes dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What is the course of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What are the complications of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • How is dyspepsia (indigestion) diagnosed?
    • Exclusion of other diseases
    • Specific tests of gastrointestinal function
    • How is dyspepsia (indigestion) treated and relieved?
    • What is a reasonable approach to the diagnosis and treatment of dyspepsia (indigestion)?
    • What is in the future for dyspepsia (indigestion)?
  • Interstitial Cystitis Interstitial cystitis (IC) is an inflammatory disease of the bladder that can cause ulceration and bleeding of the bladder's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Interstitial Cystitis Article
    • Interstitial cystitis facts
    • Overview of urinary function
    • What is interstitial cystitis (IC)?
    • What is the cause of interstitial cystitis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of interstitial cystitis?
    • How is interstitial cystitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of interstitial cystitis?
    • Are lifestyle modifications of value in managing interstitial cystitis?
    • Are there any special concerns about interstitial cystitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of interstitial cystitis?
  • Burns (First Aid) Burns are categorized by severity as first, second, or third degree. First degree burns are similar to a painful sunburn. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Burns (First Aid) Article
    • Introduction to burns
    • How are burns classified?
    • What is the significance of the amount of body area burned?
    • How important is the location of a burn?
    • What about electrical burns?
    • What about chemical burns?
    • First aid for burns
  • Common Cold The common cold (viral upper respiratory tract infection) is a contagious illness that may be caused by various viruses. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Common Cold Article
    • Common cold facts
    • What is the common cold, and what causes it?
    • How is the common cold transmitted?
    • What are risk factors for acquiring the common cold?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of the common cold in adults, children, and infants?
    • Does it have anything to do with exposure to cold weather?
    • What is the difference between the common cold and influenza (the flu)?
    • How do physicians diagnose the common cold?
    • What is the treatment for the common cold? Are there any home remedies for the common cold?
    • Are antibiotics a suitable treatment for the common cold?
    • When should a health-care professional be consulted?
    • What is the prognosis for the common cold?
    • What are complications of the common cold?
    • Is it possible to prevent the common cold?
  • Cold Sores (Nongenital Herpes Simplex Infections) Herpes simplex infections are common and when they appear around the mouth and lips, people often refer to them as "cold sores"...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cold Sores (Nongenital Herpes Simplex Infections) Article
    • Herpes simplex infections (nongenital cold sores) facts
    • What are herpes simplex infections?
    • What causes cold sores?
    • What makes herpes (cold sores) recur?
    • How do cold sores spread?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of cold sores?
    • What is primary oral herpes?
    • What does recurrent herpes look like?
    • How long do cold sores last?
    • What are the risk factors for herpes simplex infections?
    • What are the possible complications of oral herpes (cold sores)?
    • What is the prognosis for oral herpes (cold sores)?
    • What other conditions can look like oral herpes (cold sores)?
    • What is angular stomatitis?
    • What are canker sores?
    • How is oral herpes diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cold sores, are there any home remedies, and what medications are used?
    • Is it possible to prevent cold sores?
  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome Iliotibial band syndrome is an overuse injury of the thigh and knee. Symptoms include knee pain and possible swelling. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Iliotibial Band Syndrome Article
    • Iliotibial band syndrome facts
    • What is iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What causes iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What are iliotibial band syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is iliotibial band syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What stretches and exercises are beneficial for iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What exercises should be avoided with iliotibial band syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for iliotibial band syndrome? Can iliotibial band syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about iliotibial band syndrome?
  • Raynaud's Phenomenon Raynaud's phenomenon is characterized by a pale-blue-red sequence of color changes of the digits, most commonly after exposure to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Raynaud's Phenomenon Article
    • Raynaud's phenomenon facts
    • What is Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • What causes Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • What conditions have been associated with Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • What are Raynaud's phenomenon symptoms and signs?
    • How is Raynaud's phenomenon diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for Raynaud's phenomenon?
    • Can Raynaud's phenomenon by prevented?
  • Corneal Ulcer A corneal ulcer is an open sore on the cornea. Infection is a common cause of corneal ulcer. Symptoms and signs of corneal ulcer...learn more »
    In This Article
    Corneal Ulcer Article
    • Corneal ulcer facts
    • What is a corneal ulcer?
    • What does a corneal ulcer look like?
    • What are the causes of a corneal ulcer?
    • What are corneal ulcer symptoms?
    • What are corneal ulcer signs?
    • How is a corneal ulcer diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a corneal ulcer?
    • What is the healing time for a corneal ulcer?
    • Can corneal ulcers be prevented?
  • Eye Strain Eye strain is a symptom caused by looking at something for a long time. Symptoms and signs include redness, light sensitivity,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eye Strain Article
    • Eye strain facts
    • What is eye strain?
    • What causes eye strain?
    • What are the symptoms of eye strain?
    • What are the signs of eye strain?
    • How is eye strain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for eye strain?
    • Can eye strain be prevented?
  • Ear Wax Ear was is a natural substance secreted by special glands in the skin on the outer part of the ear canal. It repels water, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ear Wax Article
    • What is ear wax?
    • What does ear wax look like?
    • Unpleasant symptoms related to excessive ear wax
    • When should ear wax be removed?
    • How should ear wax be removed?
    • Is it OK to use Q-tips?
  • Teething Teething in babies typically starts between 4 and 10 months of age. Symptoms and signs of cutting teeth include rash, drooling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teething Article
    • Teething facts
    • What is teething?
    • When do babies start teething?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of teething?
    • What is the order of tooth eruption in infants?
    • How long does teething last?
    • When should I call the pediatrician?
    • What medications are used to treat teething pain?
    • What home remedies provide relief for teething pain?
    • How do I care for my baby's new teeth?
    • When should my child see the dentist?
  • Bug Bites and Stings Bug bites and stings have been known to transmit insect-borne illnesses such as West Nile virus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bug Bites and Stings Article
    • Bug bites and stings facts*
    • Bug bites and stings introduction
    • What can I do to keep insects away?
    • What's the proper way to use insect repellent?
    • What's the best way to remove a bee stinger?
    • What should I do if I find a tick on me or my child?
    • What can be done for itching and pain from bites and stings?
    • When is medical attention needed?
    • Where can I find more information on bug bites and stings?
  • Scalp Psoriasis Scalp psoriasis causes red, raised, scaly patches that may extend from the scalp to the forehead and the back of the neck and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scalp Psoriasis Article
    • What is scalp psoriasis?
    • What is the cause of scalp psoriasis?
    • What are scalp psoriasis symptoms and signs?
    • How is scalp psoriasis diagnosed?
    • What are topical treatments and home remedies for scalp psoriasis?
    • What are office treatments for scalp psoriasis?
    • What are systemic treatments for psoriasis?
    • What is the prognosis of psoriasis? Is there a cure for psoriasis?
    • Are there support groups for individuals with psoriasis?
  • Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis) Hyperhidrosis is excessive sweating of the underarms, palms, or soles of the feet. Treatment may involve over-the-counter...learn more »
    In This Article
    Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis) Article
    • Hyperhidrosis facts
    • What is hyperhidrosis?
    • What is the cause of hyperhidrosis?
    • What is the treatment of hyperhidrosis?
  • Dandruff (Seborrhea) Dandruff (seborrhea) is a skin disorder that results from neither too much moisture nor too much oil. Dandruff can be treated...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dandruff (Seborrhea) Article
    • Dandruff facts
    • What is dandruff (seborrhea)?
    • What treatments are available for dandruff?
    • What doesn't help dandruff?
    • What over-the-counter products can help dandruff?
    • If over-the-counter products don't work, what can the doctor prescribe for dandruff?
  • Sprains and Strains An injury to a ligament is called a sprain, and an injury to muscle or tendon is called a strain. Sprains and strains may be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sprains and Strains Article
    • Muscle sprains and strains facts
    • What is the difference between a sprain and a strain?
    • What causes a sprain or strain?
    • Where do sprains and strains usually occur?
    • What are sprain symptoms and signs?
    • How are sprains and strains diagnosed?
    • How are sprains and strains treated?
    • What is the recovery time for sprains and strains?
    • Can sprains and strains be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of sprains and strains?
    • Where can people find more information about sprains and strains?
  • Chickenpox (Varicella) Chickenpox (chicken pox) is a contagious childhood disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Symptoms have an incubation...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chickenpox (Varicella) Article
    • Chickenpox facts
    • What is chickenpox? What causes chickenpox?
    • How does chickenpox spread?
    • What are chickenpox symptoms and signs?
    • What are treatment options for chickenpox?
    • What are the possible complications of chickenpox?
    • Can chickenpox be prevented with a vaccine?
  • Moles Moles are small skin growths that may appear flat or raised and are often tan, brown, black, reddish brown, or skin colored. They...learn more »
    In This Article
    Moles Article
    • Moles facts
    • What are moles?
    • What causes moles, and what are risk factors for developing moles?
    • What types of moles are there?
    • What are liver spots or age spots?
    • What are seborrheic keratoses?
    • Who is more prone to getting moles?
    • Does having more moles increase my chance of getting melanoma?
    • Do moles ever disappear spontaneously?
    • Which skin cancers look like moles?
    • How can moles be prevented?
    • How can moles be treated? What are different types of mole removal?
    • Is there a blood test or X-ray to diagnose moles?
  • Obesity Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Obesity Article
    • Obesity facts
    • What is obesity?
    • How common is obesity?
    • What are the health risks associated with obesity?
    • What causes obesity?
    • What are other factors associated with obesity?
    • How is body fat measured?
    • What about weight-for-height tables?
    • What is the body mass index (BMI)?
    • Does it matter where body fat is located?
    • What can be done about obesity?
    • What is the role of physical activity and exercise in obesity?
    • What is the role of diet in the treatment of obesity?
    • What is the role of medication in the treatment of obesity?
    • What about herbal fen/phen?
    • What about meal substitutes, artificial sweeteners, and OTC products?
    • What is the role of surgery in the treatment of obesity?
    • How can patients choose a safe and successful weight-loss program?
  • Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments Before treating a cold, the flu, or allergies with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, it's important to know what's causing the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments Article
    • Facts about cold, flu, and allergy treatments
    • Introduction to cold, flu, and allergy treatments
    • What are the differences between allergy, cold, and flu symptoms?
    • What are the different types of medications for headaches, body aches, fever, and flu-like symptoms?
    • Nasal congestion, sneezing, and runny nose
    • Cough
    • Sore throat and other symptoms
    • What about vitamin C and zinc?
    • What are some important considerations for the safe use of OTC products?
  • Asthma: Over the Counter Treatment Patients who have infrequent, mild bouts of asthma attacks may use over-the-counter (OTC) medications to treat their asthma...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asthma: Over the Counter Treatment Article
    • What is asthma?
    • What medications are used to treat asthma?
    • How do over-the-counter (OTC) medicines for asthma work?
    • What factors should be considered in choosing and using OTC epinephrine or ephedrine?
    • What side effects and drug interactions are there with OTC asthma medicines?
    • What are additional measures in the management of asthma?
  • Knee Injury Knee injuries, especially meniscus tears, are common in contact sports. Symptoms and signs of a torn meniscus include knee pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Injury Article
    • Knee injury facts
    • What are the different types of knee injuries?
    • What causes a knee injury?
    • What are risk factors for a knee injury?
    • What are knee injury symptoms and signs?
    • How is a knee injury diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a knee injury?
    • What exercises are recommended and what exercises should be avoided during rehabilitation for a knee injury?
    • What is the recovery time for a knee injury?
    • What is the prognosis of a knee injury?
    • Can knee injuries be prevented?
  • Vitamins and Calcium Supplements Vitamins are organic substances that are essential for the proper growth and functioning of the body. Calcium is a mineral...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vitamins and Calcium Supplements Article
    • What are vitamins, and why are they important?
    • Calcium
    • Vitamin D
    • Folic acid
    • Vitamin E
    • Vitamin A
    • Vitamin C
    • Vitamin B12
    • Vitamin B6
    • Thiamin (vitamin B1)
    • Niacin
    • Riboflavin
    • Vitamin K
  • Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants) Insomnia is difficulty in falling or staying asleep, the absence of restful sleep, or poor quality of sleep. Insomnia is a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants) Article
    • What is insomnia and what causes it?
    • What are natural treatments for insomnia?
    • Melatonin
    • What over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are there for insomnia?
    • Antihistamines
    • What prescription medicines are there for insomnia?
    • What stimulant products are available OTC?
    • Caffeine
  • Insect Sting Allergies The majority of stinging insects in the United States are from Bees, Yellow Jackets, Hornets, Wasps and Fire Ants. Severity of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insect Sting Allergies Article
    • Stinging insect allergy facts
    • What are stinging insects?
    • Who is at risk for insect sting allergies?
    • What types of insect sting reactions occur?
    • How is a severe allergic reaction immediately treated?
    • How can I avoid insect stings?
    • What can I do about becoming immune to insect allergy?
  • Braces and Retainers Find out more about how orthodontic braces and retainers can provide proper alignment to crooked teeth. Get information about the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Braces and Retainers Article
    • What are dental braces?
    • Who is a good candidate for braces?
    • What are the different types of braces?
    • How do braces work?
    • What is the procedure for getting braces?
    • Do braces hurt?
    • How much do braces cost? Does insurance cover orthodontic treatment?
    • What's it like to have braces?
    • What happens after braces come off?
  • Scars Scar formation is a natural part of the healing process after injury. The depth and size of the wound incision and the location...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scars Article
    • Scars facts
    • What is a scar?
    • What are the different types of scars?
    • What causes a scar?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a scar?
    • How are scars diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a scar?
    • Are there any home remedies to reduce scarring?
    • What is the prognosis of a scar?
    • Can scarring be prevented?
    • Does insurance coverage apply to scar treatments?
  • Stretch Marks Stretch marks occur in the dermis, the elastic middle layer of skin that allows it to retain its shape. When the skin is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stretch Marks Article
    • Stretch mark facts
    • What are stretch marks?
    • What causes stretch marks?
    • What are risk factors for stretch marks?
    • What are symptoms and signs of stretch marks?
    • How are stretch marks diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stretch marks?
    • Are there any home remedies for stretch marks?
    • What is the prognosis of stretch marks?
    • Can stretch marks be prevented?
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What is addictive disease and why is smoking considered an addictive disease?
    • What are the signs of cigarette addiction?
    • Why should someone quit smoking?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Behavioral modification and self-help literature to quit smoking
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How are nicotine-containing products used safely?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Teen Drug Abuse Drugs commonly abused by teens include tobacco products, marijuana, cold medications, inhalants, depressants, stimulants,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teen Drug Abuse Article
    • Teen drug abuse facts
    • What drugs are abused by teenagers?
    • What are some adolescent drug use statistics?
    • What are the dangerous effects of drug use in teens?
    • How can parents prevent drug use?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of drug abuse?
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of teen drug use?
    • What are the symptoms of drug abuse in teens?
    • What is the treatment of drug intoxication?
    • What are treatments for drug addiction?
    • Where can a person get help for teen drug abuse?
  • Molluscum Contagiosum Molluscum contagiosum is a skin disease that causes pink painless bumps on the skin. It typically resolves in six to 12 months....learn more »
    In This Article
    Molluscum Contagiosum Article
    • Molluscum contagiosum facts
    • What is molluscum contagiosum?
    • What causes molluscum contagiosum?
    • What are risk factors for molluscum contagiosum?
    • What are molluscum contagiosum symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose molluscum contagiosum?
    • What is the treatment for molluscum contagiosum?
    • Are there any home remedies for molluscum contagiosum?
    • What is the prognosis of molluscum contagiosum?
    • Is it possible to prevent molluscum contagiosum?
  • Shingles and Pregnancy Becoming infected with chickenpox during pregnancy could cause birth defects in your unborn child. Likewise, shingles could also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shingles and Pregnancy Article
    • Shingles in pregnancy facts
    • What is shingles?
    • What do shingles look like?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of shingles?
    • How is shingles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Antiviral medication to treat shingles
    • Pain medication to treat shingles
    • Antihistamine medication to treat shingles
    • What are the complications of shingles in pregnancy?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Can shingles in pregnancy be prevented?
  • Mycobacterium Marinum Mycobacterium marinum (M. marinum) is bacteria found in fresh and saltwater that can infect the skin through cuts or scrapes,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mycobacterium Marinum Article
    • What is Mycobacterium marinum?
    • What are other names for Mycobacterium marinum infections?
    • How common is Mycobacterium marinum?
    • How does a person get infected with Mycobacterium marinum?
    • Who is at risk for Mycobacterium marinum infection?
    • What are the symptoms of Mycobacterium marinum infection?
    • What tests are available to diagnose the infection?
    • How is Mycobacterium marinum infection treated?
    • What is the prognosis for those infected with Mycobacterium marinum?
    • How do I find a specialist?
    • What are possible complications from Mycobacterium marinum?
    • Do fish get infected with Mycobacterium marinum?
    • What else could it be?
    • How can I prevent this infection?
  • Sunscreen Sunscreens are crucial for sun protection. Sun damage to the skin from exposure to ultraviolet rays is a risk factor for skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sunscreen Article
    • What is sun protection?
    • How is sunburn best prevented?
    • What is sunscreen?
    • What is meant by SPF?
    • Are all sunscreens equally effective against UV radiation?
    • How do sunscreens work, and which sunscreen ingredients protect against both types of UV radiation?
    • How should skin sunscreens be applied?
    • Do water or perspiration wash off sunscreen?
    • Can sunscreens cause a skin reaction?
    • Should everyone use sunscreen protection?
    • Can the labels on sunscreen products be trusted in the U.S.?
    • Do all tanning products contain sunscreens?
    • What kind of sunglasses should be worn?
    • Is sunscreen protection necessary in the winter?
    • Are a good sunscreen and sunglasses enough?
  • Birth Control Methods There are a variety of birth control methods to choose from. It varies from person to person and their preferences to either...learn more »
    In This Article
    Birth Control Methods Article
    • Introduction to birth control methods
    • Hormonal methods (including oral contraceptives)
    • Barrier methods (including condoms)
    • Natural methods
    • Surgical sterilization (tubal ligation or vasectomy)
    • Contraceptives after unprotected sex (morning after pill)
    • IUDs (intrauterine devices)
    • Conclusion
  • Infant Formulas Though human milk is the preferred feeding for infants, parents may consider formula-feeding if there is an inadequate supply of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Infant Formulas Article
    • Which is better, breastfeeding or formula-feeding?
    • What is in an infant formula, and how do I choose the right one?
    • Can I make my own infant formula?
    • So, what types of formula should parents give to their babies?
  • Diabetic Home Care Management Diabetic home care management is important. The goal of diabetic therapy is to control blood glucose levels and prevent the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetic Home Care Management Article
    • Diabetic home care management facts
    • What is diabetes?
    • What is the treatment for diabetes?
    • Exercise therapy
    • Diet therapy
    • Drug therapy
    • How is diabetic treatment monitored at home?
    • Blood glucose reagent strips
    • Blood glucose meters
    • Urine glucose tests
    • Tests for urinary ketones
    • What additional monitoring does the doctor do?
    • Blood glucose
    • Continuous glucose sensors (CGMS)
    • Hemoglobin A1C testing
  • Heart Attack Prevention Overview Heart attacks are the major causes of unexpected, sudden death among men and women. A heart attack is also a significant cause of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Prevention Overview Article
    • Introduction
    • What is atherosclerosis?
    • What are coronary heart diseases (CHD)?
    • What is angina pectoris?
    • What is a heart attack?
    • Ventricular fibrillation
    • Heart failure
    • What is cerebral vascular disease?
    • Ischemic stroke
    • Hemorrhagic stroke
    • Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    • When does the coronary atherosclerosis process begin?
    • Have most people done enough to prevent atherosclerosis and heart attacks?
    • What are the risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis and heart disease?
    • How can coronary atherosclerosis and heart attacks be prevented?

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