Optic Neuritis Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Optic Neuritis. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Optic Neuritis or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) Sinus infection (sinusitis) is caused by allergies, infection, and chemicals or other irritants of sinuses. Signs and symptoms...learn more »
  • Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Article
    • Diabetes type 1 and type 2 facts
    • What are diabetes?
    • How many people in the US have diabetes?
    • 6 early signs and symptoms of diabetes
    • How do I know if I have diabetes?
    • What causes diabetes?
    • What are the risk factors for diabetes?
    • What are the different types of diabetes?
    • Type 1 diabetes
    • Type 2 diabetes
    • What are the other types of diabetes?
    • What kind of doctor treats diabetes?
    • How is diabetes diagnosed?
    • Why is blood sugar checked at home?
    • What are the acute complications of diabetes?
    • What are the chronic complications of diabetes?
    • What can be done to slow the complications of diabetes?
    • What is the prognosis for a person with diabetes?
  • Lyme Disease Lyme disease is a bacterial illness, which is spread by ticks when they bite the skin. Initially the disease affects the skin...learn more »
  • Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Multiple sclerosis or MS is an autoimmune disorder in which brain and spinal cord nerve cells become demyelinated. This damage...learn more »
  • Bee and Wasp Sting Bees, wasps, and fire ants are related insects that belong to the Hymenoptera order. There are thousands of species of wasps...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bee and Wasp Sting Article
    • Bee and wasp sting facts
    • Insect stings overview
    • What are the types of wasps?
    • What are the types of bees?
    • What are causes of bee and wasp stings?
    • What are the symptoms of a bee or wasp sting?
    • When should I call a doctor about a bee or wasp sting?
    • How is a bee or wasp sting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a bee or wasp sting?
    • What are the complications of a bee or wasp sting?
    • How can I prevent a bee or wasp sting?
  • Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) The hepatitis B virus (HBV, hep B) is a unique, coated DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. The course of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B) Article
    • Hepatitis B facts
    • What is hepatitis?
    • How is the hepatitis B virus spread (transmitted)?
    • What are the symptoms of acute hepatitis B?
    • What are the symptoms of chronic hepatitis B?
    • How is hepatitis B diagnosed?
    • What is the role of a liver biopsy in chronic hepatitis B?
    • What is the natural course of chronic hepatitis B?
    • What medications are used to treat hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of alcohol on hepatitis B?
    • What are the effects of immunosuppressive medications on hepatitis B?
    • What is delta hepatitis?
    • What about co-infection with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus?
    • What happens in co-infection with hepatitis B virus and HIV?
    • What is the role of liver transplantation in hepatitis B?
    • What can be done to prevent hepatitis B?
    • What is new in the treatment of hepatitis B?
  • Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE) Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE) Article
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus facts
    • What is systemic lupus erythematosus? What are the types of lupus?
    • What are risk factors and causes of systemic lupus erythematosus? Is lupus contagious? Is lupus hereditary?
    • What is drug-induced lupus?
    • What are lupus symptoms and signs?
    • How is systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for systemic lupus?
    • Is there a systemic lupus erythematosus diet?
    • How can a lupus patient help prevent disease activity (flares)?
    • How can systemic lupus erythematosus affect pregnancy or the newborn?
    • What specialties of doctors treat lupus?
    • What is the prognosis of lupus? What does the future hold for people with systemic lupus?
    • Where can one get more information about systemic lupus erythematosus?
  • Sarcoidosis Sarcoidosis, a disease resulting from chronic inflammation, causes small lumps (granulomas) to develop in a great range of body...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sarcoidosis Article
    • Sarcoidosis facts
    • What is sarcoidosis?
    • What are causes and risk factors of sarcoidosis?
    • What are signs and symptoms of sarcoidosis?
    • Who gets sarcoidosis?
    • What do we know about sarcoidosis? Is sarcoidosis contagious or hereditary?
    • What are some things we don't know about sarcoidosis?
    • What types of doctors treat sarcoidosis?
    • What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose sarcoidosis?
    • What do laboratory tests for sarcoidosis show?
    • What is the treatment for sarcoidosis?
    • What is the prognosis of sarcoidosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent sarcoidosis?
    • Where can a person find more information on sarcoidosis?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What causes a stroke?
    • What are the risk factors for stroke?
    • What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Tuberculosis (TB) Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). Symptoms and signs of TB include bloody sputum, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tuberculosis (TB) Article
    • Tuberculosis (TB) facts
    • What is tuberculosis?
    • Are there different types of tuberculosis (TB)?
    • What causes tuberculosis?
    • What are risk factors for tuberculosis?
    • What are tuberculosis symptoms and signs?
    • Is TB contagious, and how long is the incubation period and contagious period?
    • How do physicians diagnose tuberculosis?
    • What is the treatment for tuberculosis?
    • What types of doctors treat TB?
    • What are complications of tuberculosis?
    • What is the prognosis of tuberculosis?
    • How can people prevent tuberculosis?
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Article
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) facts
    • What is the history of HIV, and when was HIV discovered?
    • What tests are used in the diagnosis of HIV?
    • How is HIV spread (transmitted)?
    • What are symptoms and signs of HIV infection and AIDS in men, women, and children?
    • What happens after an exposure to the blood or genital secretions of an HIV-infected person?
    • What laboratory tests are used to monitor HIV-infected people?
    • What are HIV treatments and medications? What are the key principles in managing HIV infection?
    • When should antiviral therapy be started?
    • What is the initial therapy for HIV?
    • What are nucleoside and nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)?
    • What are nonnucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)?
    • What are protease inhibitors?
    • What are fusion inhibitors?
    • What is a CCR5 antagonist?
    • What is an integrase strand transfer inhibitor?
    • What HIV drugs are in development?
    • What are side effects of HIV therapy?
    • What happens if the patient's viral load increases while on HIV therapy?
    • What are the risks of missing doses or stopping antiviral therapy?
    • Should patients with the flu- or mono-like illness of primary HIV infection be treated?
    • What about treatment for HIV during pregnancy?
    • What can be done for people who have severe immunosuppression?
    • What is the future for HIV-infected individuals with regards to treatment simplification and cure research?
    • What is in the future for preventing HIV transmission?
  • Glaucoma Glaucoma is a common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises because of slowed fluid drainage from the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Glaucoma Article
    • Glaucoma facts
    • What is glaucoma?
    • How common is glaucoma?
    • What causes glaucoma?
    • What are glaucoma risk factors?
    • What are the different types of glaucoma?
    • What are glaucoma symptoms and signs?
    • How is glaucoma diagnosed?
    • How often should someone be checked (screened) for glaucoma?
    • What is the treatment for glaucoma?
    • Glaucoma medications (eyedrops)
    • Glaucoma surgery or laser
    • Can glaucoma be prevented?
    • What is in the future for glaucoma?
  • Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms (MS Treatment Options) Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission....learn more »
    In This Article
    Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms (MS Treatment Options) Article
    • What is multiple sclerosis (MS)?
    • What are the symptoms one may experience with multiple sclerosis?
    • Bladder and bowel symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Eye symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Muscle symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Numbness, tingling, twitching and pain symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Sexual problem symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Speech and swallowing symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Other brain and nerve symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • What treatment options are available for treating multiple sclerosis symptoms?
    • What medications are available to treat multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms?
    • How are other multiple sclerosis symptoms managed?
  • Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is a parasitic infection that causes flulike symptoms, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches and pains that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Toxoplasmosis Article
    • Toxoplasmosis facts
    • What is toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the cause of toxoplasmosis?
    • What factors increase the risk of acquiring toxo?
    • What are the usual symptoms of toxoplasmosis?
    • Why do some people develop severe problems from toxo?
    • Can toxoplasmosis develop into a more serious illness in babies?
    • What is meant by a baby developing "a more severe case of toxo"?
    • How is toxo diagnosed in the lab?
    • How can toxoplasmosis be prevented?
    • Am I able to keep my cat?
    • Once infected with toxo, is my cat always able to spread the infection to me?
    • What is the treatment for toxoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis for toxoplasmosis?
  • Meningitis Encephalitis is a brain inflammation that causes sudden fever, vomiting, headache, light sensitivity, stiff neck and back,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meningitis Article
    • Encephalitis and meningitis facts
    • What is encephalitis?
    • What causes encephalitis?
    • What are encephalitis symptoms and signs?
    • Is encephalitis contagious?
    • Is it possible to prevent encephalitis? Is there an encphalitis vaccine?
    • What is meningitis?
    • What causes meningitis?
    • What are meningitis symptoms and signs?
    • What is encephalomyelitis?
    • How are encephalitis and meningitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of encephalitis and meningitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook), and what are the complications for patients with encephalitis or meningitis?
    • Is meningitis contagious?
    • Is it possible to prevent meningitis? Is there a meningitis vaccine?
  • Cat Scratch Disease Cat scratch disease (CSD or cat scratch fever), a bacterial disease caused by Bartonella henselae, is characterized by fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cat Scratch Disease Article
    • Cat scratch disease facts*
    • What is cat scratch disease? What are cat scratch disease symptoms and signs?
    • How do cats transmit Bartonella henselae to people?
    • What are serious but rare complications of cat scratch disease?
    • What is the treatment for cat scratch disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent cat scratch disease?
    • Where can people find more information about cat scratch disease?
  • Syphilis in Women Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a spiral-shaped type of bacteria known as a spirochete. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Syphilis in Women Article
    • What is syphilis?
    • What causes syphillis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of syphilis?
    • What tests are used to diagnose syphilis?
    • What is the treatment for syphilis?
    • What are the potential complications of syphilis?
    • What is the prognosis for syphilis?
    • Can syphilis be prevented?
  • Neuromyelitis Optica Neuromyelitis optica (Devic's syndrome) is a disease of the CNS that affects the optic nerves and spinal cord. People with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neuromyelitis Optica Article
    • Neuromyelitis optica facts*
    • What is neuromyelitis optica?
    • What are the symptoms of neuromyelitis optica?
    • How is neuromyelitis optica diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for neuromyelitis optica?
    • What is the prognosis for neuromyelitis optica?
    • What research is being done?
  • Parry-Romberg Syndrome Parry-Romberg syndrome is a rare disorder that is characterized by a slow progressive atrophy of the skin and soft tissues of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parry-Romberg Syndrome Article
    • What is and what causes Parry-Romberg syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Parry-Romberg syndrome?
    • At what age does Parry-Romberg syndrome occur?
    • Is there any treatment for Parry-Romberg syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Parry-Romberg syndrome?
    • What research is being done for Parry-Romberg syndrome?