Obesity (Weight Loss) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Obesity (Weight Loss). These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Obesity (Weight Loss) or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Vitamin D Deficiency Vitamin D deficiency has been linked with rickets, cancer, cardiovascular disease, severe asthma in children and cognitive...learn more »
  • Jock Itch Jock itch is an itchy red rash that appears in the groin area. The rash may be caused by a bacterial or fungal infection. People...learn more »
    In This Article
    Jock Itch Article
    • Jock itch facts
    • What is jock itch? What does jock itch look like?
    • What causes jock itch?
    • Who gets jock itch?
    • What are jock itch symptoms and signs?
    • Does jock itch affect the entire body?
    • How is jock itch diagnosed?
    • Is jock itch curable? Is jock itch contagious?
    • What are possible complications of jock itch?
    • What is the treatment for jock itch?
    • What home remedy can I use for jock itch?
    • What holistic jock itch treatments are available?
    • How do I treat fungal jock itch?
    • How do I treat bacterial jock itch?
    • How is itching from jock itch treated?
    • Why is my groin still discolored?
    • What is the best drug for jock itch?
    • What is the prognosis with jock itch?
    • When should I call my doctor about jock itch?
    • How do I prevent jock itch?
  • Ingrown Toenail Ingrown toenails are caused by the growth of the toenail into the surrounding nail fold. Symptoms include toe pain, swelling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ingrown Toenail Article
    • Ingrown toenail facts
    • What are ingrown toenails?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of an ingrown toenail?
    • What causes ingrown toenails?
    • Are some people more prone to ingrown toenails?
    • Which nails are most commonly affected by ingrown toenails?
    • What causes infections in ingrown toenails?
    • How do physicians diagnose an ingrown toenail?
    • What are possible complications of ingrown toenails?
    • How do people treat an ingrown toenail at home?
    • When should someone seek medical treatment for an ingrown toenail?
    • What kind of doctor treats ingrown toenails?
    • What is the treatment for ingrown toenails?
    • What types of nail surgery are used for ingrown toenails?
    • How can people prevent ingrown toenails from recurring?
    • Ingrown toenail do's
    • Ingrown toenail dont's
    • What is the prognosis for an ingrown toenail?
  • Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Article
    • Diabetes facts
    • What is diabetes?
    • What is the impact of diabetes?
    • What causes diabetes?
    • What are the different types of diabetes?
    • Type 1 diabetes
    • Type 2 diabetes
    • Other types of diabetes
    • What are diabetes symptoms?
    • How is diabetes diagnosed?
    • Why is blood sugar checked at home?
    • What are the acute complications of diabetes?
    • What are the chronic complications of diabetes?
    • What can be done to slow diabetes complications?
  • Gallstones Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as a...learn more »
  • Fatty Liver Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to a wide spectrum of liver disease ranging from simple fatty liver (steatosis),...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatty Liver Article
    • Nonalcoholic fatty liver facts
    • What are nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and steatohepatitis?
    • Why is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease important?
    • What causes nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • What is the difference between nonalcoholic fatty liver and steatohepatitis?
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, obesity, and diabetes?
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and the metabolic syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of fatty liver?
    • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease diagnosed?
    • What are the other causes of fatty liver?
    • What are the complications of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease treated?
    • Weight loss and exercise
    • Diet
    • Medications and other treatment options
    • Bariatric surgery
    • Liver transplant
    • What is the relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease?
    • What diseases are associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
    • Does nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occur in children?
  • Hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism is any state in which thyroid hormone production is below normal. Normally, the rate of thyroid hormone...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypothyroidism Article
    • Hypothyroidism facts
    • What is hypothyroidism?
    • What are the thyroid hormones?
    • Thyroid hormone regulation - the chain of command
    • What causes hypothyroidism?
    • What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism?
    • How is hypothyroidism diagnosed?
    • How is hypothyroidism treated?
    • What is subclinical hypothyroidism?
    • What's best for you?
  • High Blood Pressure High blood pressure is defined as a pressure of 140/90 mmHg or higher in the arteries. Genetic factors, high salt intake, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Blood Pressure Article
    • What is high blood pressure?
    • What causes high blood pressure?
    • How is blood pressure measured?
    • What do blood pressure readings mean?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?
    • How is high blood pressure diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for high blood pressure?
    • What are the potential risks and complications of untreated high blood pressure?
    • What dietary strategies can help lower high blood pressure?
    • How does exercise help lower high blood pressure?
    • Is complementary and alternative medicine effective for treating high blood pressure?
  • Hair Loss There are many causes of scalp hair loss. This featured article covers the common ones such as patchy hair loss (alopecia areata,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hair Loss Article
    • Hair loss facts
    • What are causes of hair loss?
    • How do physicians classify hair loss?
    • What is alopecia areata?
    • What is traction alopecia?
    • What is trichotillomania?
    • What is tinea capitis?
    • What is generalized (diffuse) hair loss?
    • What is telogen effluvium?
    • What is androgenetic or androgenic alopecia ("male-pattern baldness," "female-pattern baldness")?
    • What treatment is there for hair loss in men?
    • What other options do people have for hair loss?
    • Is hair loss in women different than men?
    • What about pregnancy hair loss?
    • What specific treatments are there for hair loss in women?
    • What vitamins are good for hair loss?
    • Can itchy scalp cause hair loss?
    • How do people prevent hair loss?
  • Knee Pain Acute injuries, medical conditions, and chronic use conditions are causes of knee pain. Symptoms and signs that accompany knee...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Pain Article
    • Knee pain facts
    • What is knee pain?
    • What are knee pain symptoms and signs?
    • What causes knee pain?
    • What are risk factors for knee pain?
    • When should people with knee pain call a health-care professional?
    • What are some of the complications of knee pain?
    • How do physicians diagnose knee pain?
    • What is the treatment for knee pain?
    • Are there any home remedies for relief of knee pain?
    • What is the prognosis of knee pain?
  • Group B Strep Group B strep are bacteria called Streptococcus agalactiae that may sometimes cause infections both in a pregnant woman and her...learn more »
    In This Article
    Group B Strep Article
    • Group B strep facts
    • What is group B strep?
    • What causes group B strep infection?
    • How is group B strep transmitted?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of group B strep infection?
    • How is group B strep infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for group B strep infection?
    • What are the complications of group B strep infection?
    • Is it possible to prevent group B strep infection?
  • Kidney Cancer There are several types of kidney cancer, including renal cell cancer (renal adenocarcinoma or hypernephroma), transitional cell...learn more »
    In This Article
    Kidney Cancer Article
    • Kidney cancer facts*
    • What are the kidneys?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are kidney cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are kidney cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is kidney cancer diagnosed?
    • How is kidney cancer staging determined?
    • Methods of kidney cancer treatment
    • What are the side effects of treatment for kidney cancer?
    • What happens after treatment for kidney cancer?
    • What does the future hold in the field of kidney cancer?
    • What resources are there for patients with kidney cancer?
  • Esophageal Cancer Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the esophagus. Risk factors of cancer of the esophagus include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Esophageal Cancer Article
    • Esophageal cancer facts*
    • What is the esophagus?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the types of esophageal cancer?
    • What are esophageal cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are esophageal cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is esophageal cancer diagnosed?
    • What are the stages of esophageal cancer?
    • What is the treatment for esophageal cancer?
    • Surgery
    • Radiation therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Should people get a second opinion after an esophageal cancer diagnosis?
    • What are the side effects of treatment for cancer of the esophagus?
    • What follow-up care is necessary during recovery?
    • Where can people get support for esophageal cancer?
    • How can people with esophageal cancer participate in clinical trials?
    • Where can people find more information about esophageal cancer?
  • Knee Bursitis Bursitis of the knee results when any of the three fluid-filled sacs (bursae) become inflamed due to injury or strain. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Bursitis Article
    • Knee bursitis facts
    • What is bursitis?
    • What is knee bursitis?
    • What are causes of knee bursitis?
    • What are knee bursitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is knee bursitis diagnosed?
    • How is prepatellar bursitis of the knee treated? Are there home remedies for knee bursitis?
    • What about the other knee bursae?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of knee bursitis?
    • Can knee bursitis be prevented?
  • Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Apnea Article
    • Sleep apnea facts
    • What is sleep apnea?
    • What are the types of sleep apnea?
    • What is central sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • What is obstructive sleep apnea and what causes it?
    • How common is obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are obstructive sleep apnea symptoms?
    • What are some of the complications of sleep apnea?
    • How is obstructive sleep apnea diagnosed and evaluated?
    • What are the nonsurgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • What are the surgical treatments for obstructive sleep apnea?
    • Why is it important to treat obstructive sleep apnea?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot in a vein located deep in the muscles of the legs, thighs, pelvis (lower torso), or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Article
    • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) facts
    • Introduction to deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
    • What are the causes of deep vein thrombosis?
    • What are the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis?
    • When should I seek medical care for deep vein thrombosis?
    • How is deep vein thrombosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for deep vein thrombosis?
    • What are the complications of deep vein thrombosis?
    • Can deep vein thrombosis be prevented?
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), also known by the name Stein-Leventhal syndrome, is a hormonal problem that causes women to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Article
    • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) facts
    • What is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?
    • What are the symptoms of PCOS?
    • What causes PCOS?
    • How is PCOS diagnosed?
    • What conditions or complications can be associated with PCOS?
    • What treatments are available for PCOS?
  • Heart Attack Heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Article
    • Heart attack facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What causes a heart attack?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
    • What are the complications of a heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for heart attack in women?
    • What are the symptoms of heart attack in women and how is heart attack diagnosed?
    • How is heart attack in women treated?
    • What about hormone therapy and heart attack in women?
    • What is new in heart attack?
  • Male Breast Cancer Male breast cancer accounts for 1% of all breast cancers, and most cases are found in men between the ages of 60 and 70. A man's...learn more »
    In This Article
    Male Breast Cancer Article
    • Male breast cancer facts
    • What is male breast cancer?
    • How common is male breast cancer?
    • What are causes and risk factors of male breast cancer?
    • What are the different types of male breast cancer?
    • What are male breast cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is male breast cancer diagnosed?
    • What is staging of male breast cancer?
    • What is the treatment for male breast cancer?
    • What is the outcome (prognosis) of male breast cancer?
  • Pilonidal Cyst A pilonidal cyst is a cyst that forms near the cleft of the buttocks. The cysts are thought to be caused by the penetration of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pilonidal Cyst Article
    • Pilonidal cysts facts
    • What is a pilonidal cyst?
    • What causes a pilonidal cyst?
    • Who is at risk for developing a pilonidal cyst?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a pilonidal cyst?
    • How is a pilonidal cyst diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a pilonidal cyst?
    • What are the complications of a pilonidal cyst?
    • How are pilonidal cysts prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for pilonidal cysts?
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Chronic fatigue syndrome is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that lasts 6 months or longer,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Article
    • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) facts
    • What is chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What causes chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are symptoms and signs of chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms in men?
    • What are chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms in women?
    • How is chronic fatigue syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • Is there a cure for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • Can chronic fatigue syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people find additional information about chronic fatigue syndrome?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Metabolic Syndrome The main features of metabolic syndrome include insulin resistance, hypertension (high blood pressure), cholesterol...learn more »
    In This Article
    Metabolic Syndrome Article
    • What is metabolic syndrome?
    • How is metabolic syndrome defined?
    • How common is metabolic syndrome?
    • What causes, and what are the risk factors of metabolic syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of metabolic syndrome?
    • Why should I know about metabolic syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for metabolic syndrome?
    • Diet and metabolic syndrome
    • Exercise and metabolic syndrome
    • Cosmetic surgery to remove fat
    • What if lifestyle changes are not enough to treat metabolic syndrome?
    • Summary
  • Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Preeclampsia is a condition in pregnant women marked by high blood pressure and a high level of protein in the urine. Eclampsia...learn more »
    In This Article
    Preeclampsia and Eclampsia Article
    • Preeclampsia and eclampsia facts
    • What are preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What causes preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • Who is at risk for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What are the symptoms of preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • How are preeclampsia and eclampsia diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • What are complications of preeclampsia and eclampsia?
    • Can preeclampsia and eclampsia be prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for preeclampsia and eclampsia?
  • Down Syndrome Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that results in the presence of an additional third chromosome 21, also referred to as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Down Syndrome Article
    • Down syndrome facts
    • What is Down syndrome?
    • What are the chromosome basics of Down syndrome?
    • How do the extra genes lead to Down syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for conceiving a child with Down syndrome?
    • What are the characteristic features and symptoms of Down syndrome?
    • What type of prenatal screening is available for Down syndrome?
    • How is the diagnosis of Down syndrome made?
    • What about cognitive impairment in Down syndrome?
    • What other conditions are associated with Down syndrome?
    • How is Down syndrome managed?
    • What about early intervention and education for Down syndrome?
    • What are the needs of infants and preschool children with Down syndrome?
    • How do adolescents with Down syndrome develop?
    • What should one expect for adults with Down syndrome?
    • Do individuals with Down syndrome work?
    • Where can I find clinical trials for Down syndrome?
    • Where can I find more information about Down syndrome?
  • Breast Cancer Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and the second most common cause of cancer death in women in the U.S. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Cancer Article
    • Breast cancer facts
    • What is breast cancer?
    • What are the different types of breast cancer?
    • What causes breast cancer?
    • What are breast cancer risk factors?
    • What are breast cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is breast cancer diagnosed?
    • How is breast cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for breast cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of breast cancer?
    • Can breast cancer be prevented?
    • What research is being done on breast cancer? Should I participate in a clinical trial?
    • I may have breast cancer. What questions should I ask my doctor?
    • Is the doctor sure I have breast cancer?
    • What type of breast cancer do I have?
    • What difference does a precise diagnosis make?
    • What has been done to exclude cancer in other areas of the same breast or in my other breast?
    • What type of medical team do I need for the most accurate diagnosis?
    • Is my family history relevant to my breast cancer diagnosis?
    • What other studies should be done on my tissue biopsy?
    • How urgent is it that I make decisions and begin treatment?
    • Should I stop taking postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT)?
    • Even though my breast tumor does not have hormone receptors, should I take tamoxifen to reduce the risk of a new tumor?
    • I have a ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a type of localized cancer. Why have I been advised to have a mastectomy when other women with invasive cancer have lumpectomies?
    • Should I start chemotherapy before surgery?
    • If I am advised to have a mastectomy, what are the risks and benefits of immediate breast reconstruction?
    • Should my lymph nodes be removed?
    • What is a sentinel lymph node biopsy and what are its benefits and risks?
    • Are there any other questions I should ask my doctor?
  • Intertrigo Intertrigo is irritant dermatitis, usually found in skin folds, that is caused by rubbing, increased temperature, and moisture....learn more »
  • High Blood Pressure Treatment High blood pressure (hypertension) means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Treatment for high blood pressure include...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Blood Pressure Treatment Article
    • What is high blood pressure (hypertension)?
    • Which lifestyle modifications are beneficial in treating high blood pressure?
    • Alcohol
    • Smoking
    • Coffee and caffeinated beverages
    • Salt
    • Other dietary considerations
    • Obesity
    • Exercise and stress reduction
    • How is high blood pressure treated?
    • Starting treatment for high blood pressure
    • Treatment with combinations of drugs for high blood pressure
    • Emergency treatment for high blood pressure
    • Treatment during pregnancy
    • Which medications are used to treat high blood pressure
    • Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) and angiotensin receptor blockers
    • Beta blockers
    • Diuretics
    • Calcium channel blockers (CCBs)
    • Alpha blockers
    • Clonidine
    • Minoxidil
    • Renin inhibitors
    • Aldosterone blockers
    • Combining agents
    • What about the patient's compliance with medication regimens?
    • Is alternative medicine used to treat high blood pressure?
    • What are the complications of high blood pressure?
    • Can high blood pressure be prevented?
    • What's new in high blood pressure?
  • Smell Disorders Reduction of the sense of smell is termed hyposmia. Total inability to detect odors is termed anosmia. Smell disorders have many...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smell Disorders Article
    • smell_disorder_facts
    • How does our sense of smell work?
    • What are the smell disorders?
    • What causes smell disorders?
    • How are smell disorders diagnosed?
    • Are smell disorders serious?
    • Can smell disorders be treated?
    • What research is being done?
    • What can I do to help myself?
  • Cholesterol High cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Getting your cholesterol and triglyceride...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cholesterol Article
    • What is cholesterol?
    • What are the different types of cholesterol?
    • Why is high cholesterol dangerous?
    • Where does cholesterol come from?
    • What are normal cholesterol levels?
    • Which foods can help lower cholesterol?
    • What other lifestyle interventions help lower cholesterol?
    • What medications are available to treat high cholesterol?
  • Snoring Snoring, like all other sounds, is caused by vibrations that cause particles in the air to form sound waves. While we are asleep,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Snoring Article
    • Snoring facts
    • What is snoring?
    • How common is snoring?
    • What are the causes of snoring?
    • How do medications and alcohol affect snoring?
    • Why is snoring a problem?
    • What is the clinical importance of snoring?
    • What are different levels of snoring?
    • How should someone with snoring be evaluated?
    • How is it determined if snoring is a medical problem?
    • What are some objective tests to measure sleepiness?
    • What are the treatments for snoring?
    • What are some non-surgical treatments for snoring?
    • What are the surgical options for snoring?
    • What is the success of surgery for snoring?
  • Heart Disease (Coronary Artery Disease) Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Disease (Coronary Artery Disease) Article
    • What is heart disease?
    • What are the risk factors for heart disease?
    • What causes heart disease?
    • What are the symptoms of heart disease?
    • How is heart disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart disease?
    • What is the prognosis for heart disease?
    • Can heart disease be prevented?
  • Insomnia Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insomnia Article
    • Insomnia facts
    • What is insomnia?
    • What causes insomnia?
    • What are the risk factors for insomnia?
    • What acute situational and stress factors cause insomnia?
    • What are the symptoms of insomnia?
    • When should I call the doctor about insomnia?
    • How is insomnia diagnosed?
    • How is insomnia treated?
    • What are non-medical treatments for insomnia?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • How can stimulus control help with insomnia?
    • What is sleep restriction?
    • What medications are used to treat insomnia?
    • What is the outlook for insomnia?
  • Knee Injury Knee injuries, especially meniscus tears, are common in contact sports. Symptoms and signs of a torn meniscus include knee pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Injury Article
    • Knee injury facts
    • What are the different types of knee injuries?
    • What causes a knee injury?
    • What are risk factors for a knee injury?
    • What are knee injury symptoms and signs?
    • How is a knee injury diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a knee injury?
    • What exercises are recommended and what exercises should be avoided during rehabilitation for a knee injury?
    • What is the recovery time for a knee injury?
    • What is the prognosis of a knee injury?
    • Can knee injuries be prevented?
  • Weight Loss - The Basics Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • Achondroplasia A common form of short stature, achondroplasia (dwarfism) is a genetic condition causing a disorder of bone growth. Complications...learn more »
    In This Article
    Achondroplasia Article
    • Achondroplasia facts
    • What is achondroplasia?
    • What are the characteristics of achondroplasia?
    • How is achondroplasia diagnosed?
    • What can be done for patients with achondroplasia?
    • How is achondroplasia inherited?
    • What if someone with achondroplasia has children?
    • What if two people with achondroplasia have children?
    • What gene causes achondroplasia?
  • Stretch Marks Stretch marks occur in the dermis, the elastic middle layer of skin that allows it to retain its shape. When the skin is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stretch Marks Article
    • Stretch mark facts
    • What are stretch marks?
    • What causes stretch marks?
    • What are risk factors for stretch marks?
    • What are symptoms and signs of stretch marks?
    • How are stretch marks diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stretch marks?
    • Are there any home remedies for stretch marks?
    • What is the prognosis of stretch marks?
    • Can stretch marks be prevented?
  • Pseudotumor Cerebri (Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension) Pseudotumor Cerebri (intracranial hypertension) is a condition where there is an increase in pressure of fluid surrounding the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pseudotumor Cerebri (Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension) Article
    • What is pseudotumor cerebri (Idiopathic intracranial hypertension)?
    • What are the symptoms of pseudotumor cerebri?
    • How is pseudotumor cerebri treated?
    • What is the prognosis for patient's with pseudotumorcerebri?
    • For more information about pseudotumor cerebri
  • Prevention Enjoying a healthy diet helps to prevent diseases. A good diet also helps to control celiac disease, diabetes, and high blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prevention Article
    • Maintaining health
    • Preventing and controlling diseases
    • Vitamins and minerals to maintain health
    • Vitamin supplements to prevent diseases
    • Diets to control and/or treat diseases
  • Prader-Willi Syndrome Prader-Willi syndrome is a condition characterized by severe floppiness (hypotonia), poor growth, delayed development, and poor...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prader-Willi Syndrome Article
    • Prader-Willi syndrome facts*
    • What is Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • What are the signs, symptoms, and physical features of Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • How common is, and what causes Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • Can Prader-Willi syndrome be inherited?
    • Where can I find information about treatment for Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • Where can I find additional information about Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • What other names do people use for Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • What if I still have specific questions about Prader-Willi syndrome?
    • Where can I find general information about genetic conditions?
  • Childhood Obesity Fast food consumption and lack of exercise are just a couple of causes of childhood obesity. Health effects of childhood obesity...learn more »
    In This Article
    Childhood Obesity Article
    • Childhood obesity facts
    • What is childhood obesity? How is childhood obesity diagnosed?
    • How prevalent is childhood obesity?
    • What causes childhood obesity?
    • What are childhood obesity symptoms and signs?
    • What are risk factors for childhood obesity?
    • What are the risks, complications, and long-term health effects of childhood obesity?
    • What is the treatment for childhood obesity?
    • Can childhood obesity be prevented?
    • What research is being done on childhood obesity?
    • Where can people find more information on childhood obesity?
  • Heart Attacks in Women Heart disease, particularly coronary artery disease is the leading cause of heart attacks. Women are more likely to die from a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attacks in Women Article
    • One woman's heart attack story
    • What is heart disease?
    • Do women need to worry about heart disease?
    • Do women of color need to worry about heart disease?
    • What can I do to prevent heart disease?
    • What does high blood pressure have to do with heart disease?
    • How can I lower my blood pressure?
    • What does high cholesterol have to do with heart disease?
    • What do my cholesterol and triglyceride numbers mean?
    • How can I lower my cholesterol?
    • How do I know if I have heart disease?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a heart attack?
    • One of my family members had a heart attack. Does that mean I'll have one too?
    • Sometimes my heart beats really fast and other times it feels like my heart skips a beat. Am I having a heart attack?
    • Should I take a daily aspirin to prevent heart attack?
    • Does taking birth control pills increase my risk for heart disease?
    • Does using the birth control patch increase my risk for heart disease?
    • Does menopausal hormone therapy (HT, HRT, ET) increase a woman's risk for heart disease?
    • For more information on heart disease in women
  • Tennis Elbow Tennis elbow is a condition caused by the overuse of the muscles of the arm and forearm. Elbow pain the main symptom of tennis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tennis Elbow Article
    • Tennis elbow facts
    • What is tennis elbow?
    • What causes tennis elbow?
    • What are risk factors for tennis elbow?
    • What are tennis elbow symptoms and signs?
    • How is tennis elbow diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tennis elbow?
    • Are there any home remedies for tennis elbow?
    • What exercises are recommended for tennis elbow?
    • What exercises should be avoided with tennis elbow?
    • What is the prognosis of tennis elbow?
    • Can tennis elbow be prevented?
    • What research is being done on tennis elbow?
  • Carotid Artery Disease The term carotid artery disease refers to the narrowing of the carotid arteries and can also be called carotid stenosis. Fatty...learn more »
    In This Article
    Carotid Artery Disease Article
    • What is carotid artery disease?
    • What are the causes of carotid artery disease?
    • What are the risk factors for carotid artery disease?
    • What are the symptoms of carotid artery disease?
    • How is carotid artery disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for carotid artery disease?
    • Surgery for carotid artery disease
    • What are the complications of carotid artery disease?
    • How can carotid artery disease be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for carotid artery disease?
  • Liver Cancer Liver cancer is cancer of the liver cells (hepatocellular carcinoma) or of the ducts in the liver (cholangiocarcinoma). Liver...learn more »
    In This Article
    Liver Cancer Article
    • What is liver cancer?
    • What is metastatic liver cancer?
    • What causes liver cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for liver cancer?
    • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is liver cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the follow up after treatment for liver cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of liver cancer?
    • Are there alternative and complementary therapies for liver cancer?
    • Can liver cancer be prevented?
  • Binge Eating Disorder Characteristics of binge eating disorder include eating more quickly than usual, eating until uncomfortably full, eating a lot of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Binge Eating Disorder Article
    • Binge eating disorder facts
    • What is binge eating disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for binge eating disorder?
    • What are symptoms and signs of binge eating disorder?
    • How is binge eating disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for binge eating disorder?
    • What are complications and prognosis of binge eating disorder?
    • Can binge eating disorder be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on binge eating disorder?
  • Lower Cholesterol Levels with Diet and Medication Cholesterol is naturally produced by the body, and is a building block for cell membranes and hormones. Low-density lipoprotein...learn more »
    In This Article
    Lower Cholesterol Levels with Diet and Medication Article
    • Cholesterol levels facts
    • What is cholesterol?
    • What are LDL and HDL cholesterol?
    • What determines the level of LDL cholesterol in the blood?
    • Does lowering LDL cholesterol prevent heart attacks and strokes?
    • How can LDL cholesterol levels be lowered?
    • What are "normal" cholesterol blood levels?
    • What are the 2013 ACC/AHA Guidelines?
    • Why is HDL the good cholesterol?
    • What are LDL/HDL and total/HDL ratios?
    • How can levels of HDL cholesterol be increased?
    • What are triglycerides and VLDL?
    • Do high triglyceride levels cause atherosclerosis?
    • What causes elevated triglyceride levels?
    • How can elevated blood triglyceride levels be treated?
    • What are cholesterol-lowering foods?
    • What medications are available to lower cholesterol, lipids, and triglycerides?
    • Is lowering LDL cholesterol enough?
  • Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) Tennis elbow is also known as lateral epicondylitis. Symptoms of tennis elbow include tenderness and dull pain of the outer...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) Article
    • Tennis elbow facts
    • What is tennis elbow?
    • What causes tennis elbow?
    • What are tennis elbow risk factors?
    • What are symptoms of tennis elbow?
    • How do physicians diagnose tennis elbow?
    • What is the treatment for tennis elbow?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for tennis elbow?
    • Is it possible to prevent tennis elbow?
  • Meralgia Paresthetica Meralgia paresthetica is an entrapment or "pinching" of the nerve (lateral femoral cutaneous nerve) that supplies sensation to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Meralgia Paresthetica Article
    • What is meralgia paresthetica?
    • What causes meralgia paresthetica?
    • What is the treatment for meralgia paresthetica?
  • Bullying Bullying is repeated physical or verbal aggression that involves an imbalance of power. The four types of bullying include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bullying Article
    • Bullying facts
    • What is bullying?
    • How common is bullying?
    • What are the different types of bullying?
    • What makes a bully? Why do kids bully? Why do adults bully?
    • What are causes and risk factors of bullying?
    • What are symptoms and signs of children and adults who are bullied?
    • What are the effects of bullying?
    • What should victims of bullying and their parents do to stop bullying?
    • What should parents do if they think their child is bullying others?
    • What can people do if they see someone being bullied?
    • What measures can be implemented to prevent bullying at school and in the workplace?
    • Where can people find more information about bullying?
  • Emotional Eating Emotional eating can be detrimental to one's efforts at weight loss. Learning to identify the situations and emotions that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Emotional Eating Article
    • How can I identify eating triggers?
    • How do I stop emotional eating?
    • What if distracting myself isn't enough to keep me from overeating?
  • High Cholesterol: Frequently Asked Questions Cholesterol occurs naturally in the body. High blood cholesterol levels increase a person's risk of developing heart disease,...learn more »
    In This Article
    High Cholesterol: Frequently Asked Questions Article
    • What is cholesterol?
    • Why should I be concerned about cholesterol?
    • What's the difference between "good" and "bad" cholesterol?
    • How much cholesterol is too much?
    • Can I lower my risk for heart disease if I lower my cholesterol?
    • What makes my cholesterol levels go up?
    • What can I do to lower my cholesterol?
    • What medications are used to treat high cholesterol?
    • If a product's package reads "low cholesterol" does that mean that the product is low in fat and safe to eat?
    • At what age should people begin having their cholesterol checked?
  • Histoplasmosis Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. The symptoms are similar to those of pneumonia and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Histoplasmosis Article
    • Histoplasmosis facts
    • What is histoplasmosis?
    • What causes histoplasmosis?
    • What are risk factors for histoplasmosis?
    • What are histoplasmosis symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose histoplasmosis?
    • What is the treatment for histoplasmosis?
    • What is the prognosis of histoplasmosis?
    • Is it possible to prevent histoplasmosis?
  • Cancer Prevention Certain behavioral, lifestyle, and environmental factors contribute to cancer. Cancer prevention involves modifying these factors...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Prevention Article
    • What is cancer prevention?
    • Carcinogenesis
    • Cancer Risk factors
    • Factors That are Known to Increase the Risk of Cancer
    • Factors That May Affect the Risk of Cancer
    • Interventions that are known to lower cancer risk
    • Interventions that are not known to lower cancer risk
  • Disease Prevention in Women Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Women Article
    • Disease prevention in women overview
    • Osteoporosis
    • Breast cancer
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Cancer of the cervix
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • Cancer of colon and rectum / polyps of colon and rectum
    • Bladder cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
  • Disease Prevention in Men Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Men Article
    • Disease prevention in men introduction
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Cancer of colon and rectum /polyps of colon and rectum
    • Prostate cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
    • Bladder cancer
  • Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks Certain portions of the population are at an increased risk of suffering serious complications from the flu. Some of these...learn more »
    In This Article
    Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks Article
    • Treating the flu in people with health risks facts*
    • Do you have Asthma, Diabetes or Chronic Heart Disease?
    • Why am I at greater risk of serious flu complications?
    • Can the flu be treated?
    • What should I do if I think I have the flu?
    • Should I still get a flu vaccine?
    • What are the benefits of antiviral drugs?
    • What are the possible side effects of antiviral drugs?
    • When should antiviral drugs be taken for treatment?
    • What antiviral drugs are recommended?
    • How long should antiviral drugs be taken?
    • Can children and pregnant women take antiviral drugs?
    • Who should take antiviral drugs?
    • What are the health and age factors that are known to increase a person's risk of getting serious complications from the flu?