- Least Effective Exercises Slideshow
- Dehydration Tips Slideshow Pictures
- First Aid Sprains & Strains Slideshow Pictures
- Patient Comments: Nosebleed - Symptoms and Remedies
- Patient Comments: Nosebleed - Causes
- Patient Comments: Nosebleed - Frequent or Chronic
- Patient Comments: Nosebleed - Stop Fast
- Nosebleed definition and facts
- What causes nosebleeds?
- How do you stop the common nosebleed?
- How do you prevent the nose from bleeding again?
- What if a person has frequent or chronic nosebleeds?
- What remedies or medications can you take to prevent nosebleeds?
- When should you call your doctor or go to an emergency room for a nosebleed?
- What should I do if the doctor has placed nasal packs?
Quick GuideHigh Blood Pressure Symptoms, Causes, Treatments
What if a person has frequent or chronic nosebleeds?
If a nosebleed recurs four times or more in a week, see a health-care professional to determine why this is occurring. Frequent or chronic nosebleeds may be caused by many factors including
- Frequent picking or blowing the nose
- A low humidity environment
- Chronic allergies
- Medications including blood thinners, aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs, antihistamines, decongestants, or nasal sprays
- Health conditions that affect normal blood clotting
- A structural problem within the nose
- Abnormal blood vessels within the nose (for example Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome, a hereditary condition)
- A polyp or tumor in the nose or sinuses.
- Use of complementary and alternative medicines such as Ginkgo biloba and vitamin E, which may increase the risk of bleeding.
- Snorting drugs such as cocaine.
If the nosebleed persists or is recurrent, see your health-care professional who may recommend stopping the nosebleed with a heating instrument or chemical swab (cautery of the blood vessel that is causing the trouble), or application of a topical medicine called thrombin that promotes local clotting of blood. Blood tests may be ordered to check for bleeding disorders. If bleeding is still persistent, the doctor may place nasal packs, which compress the vessels and stop the bleeding. In rare situations, you may be admitted to the hospital or require surgical treatment or a procedure where material is used to plug up the bleeding vessels in the nose (angiographic embolization).
What remedies or medications can you take to prevent nosebleeds?
The most common cause of a nose bleeds is drying of the nasal membranes. If a person is prone to recurrent or frequent nosebleeds, it is often helpful to lubricate the nose with an ointment of some type. The ointment can be applied gently with a Q-tip or fingertip up inside the nose, especially on the middle portion (the septum).
Many people use remedies for nosebleeds such as
- A + D ointment,
- methylsalicylate/menthol (Mentholatum, BenGay, Icy Hot),
- neomycin/bacitracin/polymyxin (Neosporin ointment), or
- Saline mist nasal spray is often helpful (Ocean Spray).
Nosebleeds in children may be prevented by ensuring children do not pick their nose.