Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs Related Diseases & Conditions

Medications are used to manage a variety of conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments that the medication Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs may be used to treat or manage.

  • Upper Respiratory Tract Infection An upper respiratory infection is a contagious infection of the structures of the upper respiratory tract, which includes the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Article
    • Upper respiratory infection facts
    • What is an upper respiratory infection?
    • Is an upper respiratory infection contagious?
    • What are the causes of upper respiratory infection?
    • What are the risk factors for upper respiratory infection?
    • What are the symptoms of upper respiratory infection?
    • When should you seek medical care for upper respiratory infection?
    • How is an upper respiratory infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for upper respiratory infection?
    • What are some of the home remedies for upper respiratory infection?
    • What are some data on alternative therapies in treating upper respiratory infections?
    • What are the complications of an upper respiratory infection?
    • Can an upper respiratory infection be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for a patient suffering from an upper respiratory infection?
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints, as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rheumatoid Arthritis Article
    • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) facts
    • What is rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?
    • What are causes and risk factors of rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What are rheumatoid arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • What are complications of rheumatoid disease?
    • How do physicians diagnose rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for rheumatoid arthritis?
    • "First-line" rheumatoid arthritis medications
    • "Second-line" or "slow-acting" rheumatoid arthritis drugs (disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs or DMARDs)
    • What are newer treatments for rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Rheumatoid arthritis diet and other treatments
    • What about rheumatoid arthritis and pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Is it possible to prevent rheumatoid arthritis?
    • What research is being done on rheumatoid arthritis?
    • Where can people get additional information on rheumatoid arthritis?
  • Headache Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Headache Article
    • Headache facts
    • What is a headache?
    • How are headaches classified?
    • What are primary headaches?
    • What are secondary headaches?
    • What are cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headaches?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • How are tension headaches treated?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • How are cluster headaches treated?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What diseases cause secondary headaches?
    • How are secondary headaches diagnosed?
    • What are the exams and tests for secondary headaches?
    • When should I seek medical care for a headache?
  • Hives Hives, also called urticaria, is a raised, itchy area of skin that is usually a sign of an allergic reaction. The allergy may be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hives Article
    • Hives facts
    • What are hives (urticaria) and angioedema?
    • What causes hives and angioedema?
    • What are the different kinds of hives?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of ordinary urticaria (ordinary hives)?
    • What are the causes of ordinary hives?
    • What are the causes of chronic hives?
    • Are there other conditions that mimic hives?
    • What is the treatment for hives?
    • What is the prognosis of hives?
  • Endometriosis Endometriosis implants are most commonly found on the ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, outer surfaces of the uterus or intestines,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Endometriosis Article
    • Endometriosis facts
    • What is endometriosis?
    • Who is affected by endometriosis?
    • What causes endometriosis?
    • What are endometriosis symptoms?
    • Endometriosis and cancer risk
    • How is endometriosis diagnosed?
    • How is endometriosis treated?
    • Medical treatment of endometriosis
    • Surgical treatment of endometriosis
    • Treatment of infertility associated with endometriosis
  • Knee Pain Acute injuries, medical conditions, and chronic use conditions are causes of knee pain. Symptoms and signs that accompany knee...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Pain Article
    • Knee pain facts
    • What is knee pain?
    • What are knee pain symptoms and signs?
    • What causes knee pain?
    • What are risk factors for knee pain?
    • When should people with knee pain call a health-care professional?
    • What are some of the complications of knee pain?
    • How do physicians diagnose knee pain?
    • What is the treatment for knee pain?
    • Are there any home remedies for relief of knee pain?
    • What is the prognosis of knee pain?
  • Menstrual Cramps Menstrual cramps (pain in the belly and pelvic area) are experienced by women as a result of menses. Menstrual cramps are not the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstrual Cramps Article
    • Menstrual cramps facts
    • What are menstrual cramps?
    • How common are menstrual cramps?
    • What is dysmenorrhea?
    • What causes menstrual cramps?
    • Why are some cramps so painful?
    • Can menstrual cramps be measured?
    • What other factors influence menstrual cramps?
    • What are the symptoms of menstrual cramps?
    • How are menstrual cramps diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for common menstrual cramps (primary dysmenorrhea)?
    • What if the cramps are very severe?
    • Are there surgical solutions?
    • What is the treatment of secondary dysmenorrhea?
    • What is the long-term outlook (prognosis) for menstrual cramps?
  • Dry Socket A dry socket is a potential complication that can occur when a blood clot in the gums becomes dislodged after a tooth extraction....learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Socket Article
    • What is a dry socket?
    • What causes a dry socket?
    • Who is at risk for getting a dry socket?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a dry socket?
    • How is a dry socket diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a dry socket?
    • What is the average healing time for a dry socket?
    • What is the prognosis for a dry socket?
    • Can a dry socket be prevented?
  • Foot Pain Foot pain may be caused by injuries (sprains, strains, bruises, and fractures), diseases (diabetes, Hansen disease, and gout),...learn more »
    In This Article
    Foot Pain Article
    • How is the foot designed?
    • What causes foot pain?
    • What other symptoms and signs may accompany foot pain?
    • When should I seek medical treatment for foot pain?
    • How is foot pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for foot pain?
    • What follow-up care is needed after foot pain is treated?
    • How can foot pain be prevented?
    • Foot Pain At A Glance
  • Fever Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degrees F. (37 degrees C.), in practice a person is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fever Article
    • Aches, pain, fever facts
    • What is a fever?
    • What causes a fever?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a fever?
    • How is a fever diagnosed?
    • How should I take a temperature for fever?
    • What is the treatment for a fever?
    • When should I seek medical care for a fever?
    • What are complications of a fever?
    • What is the prognosis for a fever?
    • Can fevers be prevented?
  • Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Dry mouth is a common side effect of many prescription and non-prescription drugs and certain medical conditions. Symptoms of dry...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) Article
    • What is dry mouth?
    • How common is dry mouth?
    • What are the benefits of saliva?
    • What causes dry mouth?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dry mouth?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose dry mouth?
    • What is the treatment for dry mouth?
    • Is it possible to prevent dry mouth?
    • What is the prognosis of dry mouth?
  • Lupus Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease....learn more »
    In This Article
    Lupus Article
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus facts
    • What is systemic lupus erythematosus? What are the types of lupus?
    • What causes systemic lupus erythematosus? Is lupus hereditary?
    • What is drug-induced lupus?
    • What are lupus symptoms and signs?
    • How is systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for systemic lupus?
    • How can a lupus patient help prevent disease activity (flares)?
    • How can systemic lupus erythematosus affect pregnancy or the newborn?
    • What is the prognosis of lupus? What does the future hold for people with systemic lupus?
    • Where can one get more information about systemic lupus erythematosus?
  • Tension Headache A tension headache is a headache previously thought to be caused by contraction of the muscles in the back of the neck, on the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tension Headache Article
    • What is a tension headache?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headache?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tension headache?
    • Are home remedies effective for tension headache?
    • Can tension headaches be prevented?
  • Fibrocystic Breast Condition Fibrocystic breast condition (sometimes called fibrocystic breast disease) is characterized by lumpiness and usually discomfort...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fibrocystic Breast Condition Article
    • Fibrocystic breast condition facts
    • What are fibrocystic breasts?
    • Is there a difference between fibrocystic breast condition and fibrocystic breast disease?
    • What causes fibrocystic breasts?
    • What are the symptoms of fibrocystic breast condition?
    • Which women are more likely to develop fibrocystic breast condition?
    • Can fibrocystic breast condition affect just one breast?
    • Why is it important to diagnosis fibrocystic breasts?
    • How is fibrocystic breast condition diagnosed?
    • Is there more than one type of fibrocystic breast condition?
    • Why can fibrocystic breast condition be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer?
    • Why don't all women with fibrocystic breast condition have breast biopsies?
    • What is the recommended follow-up for women with fibrocystic breast condition?
    • How is the risk of breast cancer in fibrocystic breast condition patients calculated?
    • What are the treatments for fibrocystic breast condition?
    • Are there any dietary or life style factors associated with fibrocystic breast condition?
  • Neck Pain (Cervical Pain) Neck pain (cervical pain) may be caused by any number of disorders and diseases. Tenderness is another symptom of neck pain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Neck Pain (Cervical Pain) Article
    • What is neck pain? What are causes and risk factors for neck pain?
    • What are other symptoms that are associated with neck pain?
    • What are the structures of the neck?
    • How is neck pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for neck pain? What are home remedies for neck pain?
    • What is the prognosis for neck pain?
    • Is it possible to prevent neck pain?
  • Internal Bleeding Internal bleeding occurs when an artery or vein is damaged and blood to escapes the circulatory system and collects inside the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Internal Bleeding Article
    • Internal bleeding facts
    • What is internal bleeding?
    • What causes internal bleeding?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of internal bleeding?
    • How is internal bleeding diagnosed?
    • How is internal bleeding treated?
    • What are the complications of internal bleeding?
  • Shoulder Bursitis Shoulder bursitis is inflammation of the shoulder bursa. Bursitis may be caused by injury, infection, or a rheumatic condition....learn more »
    In This Article
    Shoulder Bursitis Article
    • What is shoulder bursitis?
    • How does a bursa become inflamed?
    • What are shoulder bursitis symptoms and signs? How is shoulder bursitis diagnosed?
    • How is shoulder bursitis treated?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for shoulder bursitis?
    • Can shoulder bursitis be prevented?
  • Bursitis Bursae (one is a bursa) are fluid-filled sacs that cushion areas of friction between tendon and bone or skin. Like air-filled...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bursitis Article
    • Bursitis Overview
    • Bursitis Causes
    • Bursitis Symptoms and Signs
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Bursitis Diagnosis
    • Bursitis Treatment
    • Bursitis Home Remedies
    • Medical Treatment
    • Follow-up
    • Bursitis Prevention
    • Bursitis Prognosis
    • Bursitis Pictures
  • Shin Splints Shin splints result from inflammation from injury to the tendon and adjacent tissues in the front of the outer leg. Shin splints...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shin Splints Article
    • Shin splints facts
    • What are shin splints?
    • What are risk factors for shin splints?
    • What are shin splints symptoms?
    • What causes shin splints?
    • How are shin splints diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shin splints?
    • What is the multifaceted relative rest approach?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for shin splints?
    • Can shin splints be prevented?
  • Knee Bursitis Bursitis of the knee results when any of the three fluid-filled sacs (bursae) become inflamed due to injury or strain. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Bursitis Article
    • Knee bursitis facts
    • What is bursitis?
    • What is knee bursitis?
    • What are causes of knee bursitis?
    • What are knee bursitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is knee bursitis diagnosed?
    • How is prepatellar bursitis of the knee treated? Are there home remedies for knee bursitis?
    • What about the other knee bursae?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of knee bursitis?
    • Can knee bursitis be prevented?
  • Dengue Fever Dengue fever is contracted from the bite of a striped Aedes aegypti mosquito. Symptoms of dengue include headache, fever,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dengue Fever Article
    • Dengue fever facts
    • What is dengue fever?
    • What geographic areas are at high risk for contracting dengue fever?
    • How is dengue fever contracted?
    • What are dengue fever symptoms and signs?
    • How is dengue fever diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for dengue fever?
    • What is the prognosis for typical dengue fever?
    • What is dengue hemorrhagic fever?
    • How can dengue fever be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on dengue fever?
  • Ankle Pain Ankle pain is commonly due to a sprain or tendinitis. The severity of ankle sprains ranges from mild (which can resolve within...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ankle Pain Article
    • Ankle pain and ankle tendinitis facts
    • How is the ankle designed, and what is the ankle's function?
    • What causes ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
    • What injuries can cause ankle pain, and how are they treated?
    • What diseases and conditions can cause ankle pain, and how are they treated?
    • What are associated symptoms and signs of ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
    • How are ankle pain and ankle tendinitis diagnosed?
    • What is the prognosis for ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
    • Is it possible to prevent ankle pain and ankle tendinitis?
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that causes chronic inflammation of the spine. The tendency to develop ankylosing...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ankylosing Spondylitis Article
    • Ankylosing spondylitis facts
    • What is ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What causes ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What are ankylosing spondylitis symptoms and signs?
    • How is ankylosing spondylitis diagnosed?
    • What are ankylosing spondylitis treatment options?
    • Can ankylosing spondylitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with ankylosing spondylitis?
    • What is in the future for patients with ankylosing spondylitis?
    • Where can people find more information about ankylosing spondylitis and learn about support groups?
  • Hamstring Injury Hamstring injuries may range from minor strains to major ruptures. A hamstring injury causes spasm, tightness, and tenderness....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hamstring Injury Article
    • What are the hamstrings?
    • What is the function of the hamstrings?
    • What causes hamstring injuries, and what are types of hamstring injuries?
    • What are symptoms and signs of injury to the hamstring muscles?
    • How are hamstring injuries diagnosed?
    • How are hamstring injuries treated?
    • Can hamstring injuries be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for hamstring injuries?
    • Where can one find more information about hamstring injuries?
    • Hamstring injury facts
  • Hyperkalemia (High Blood Potassium) Hyperkalemia is an abnormally high level of potassium in the blood. Symptoms of hyperkalemia include nausea, fatigue, tingling...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hyperkalemia (High Blood Potassium) Article
    • What is hyperkalemia?
    • How does hyperkalemia affect the body?
    • What are the symptoms of hyperkalemia?
    • What causes hyperkalemia?
    • Kidney dysfunction
    • Diseases of the adrenal gland
    • Potassium shifts
    • Medications
    • How is hyperkalemia diagnosed?
    • How is hyperkalemia treated?
  • Elbow Pain Elbow pain is most often the result of tendinitis, which can affect the inner or outer elbow. Treatment includes ice, rest, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Elbow Pain Article
    • Elbow pain facts
    • How is the elbow designed, and what is its function?
    • What injuries can cause elbow pain, and what are symptoms and signs of the causes of elbow pain?
    • What are diseases and conditions that can cause elbow pain, and how are they treated?
    • How is elbow pain diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for elbow pain?
    • What is the prognosis of elbow pain?
    • Can elbow pain be prevented?
  • Heart Attack Heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Article
    • Heart attack facts
    • What is a heart attack?
    • What causes a heart attack?
    • What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
    • What are the complications of a heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heart attack?
    • What are the risk factors for heart attack in women?
    • What are the symptoms of heart attack in women and how is heart attack diagnosed?
    • How is heart attack in women treated?
    • What about hormone therapy and heart attack in women?
    • What is new in heart attack?
  • Arthritis Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness...learn more »
    In This Article
    Arthritis Article
    • Arthritis facts
    • What is arthritis? What causes arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for arthritis?
    • What are arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • Who is affected by arthritis?
    • How is arthritis diagnosed, and why is a diagnosis important?
    • What is the treatment for arthritis?
    • Is there a special diet for arthritis?
    • What are the prognosis (outlook) for arthritis, and what are arthritis complications?
    • Can arthritis be prevented?
    • What is a rheumatologist?
    • What is the Arthritis Foundation?
  • Chronic Pain Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Pain Article
    • Chronic pain facts*
    • Introduction to chronic pain
    • The A to Z of pain
    • How is pain diagnosed?
    • Pain management
    • What is the role of age and gender in pain?
    • A pain primer: what do we know about pain?
    • What is the future of pain research?
    • Spine basics: the vertebrae, discs and spinal cord
    • The nervous system
    • Phantom pain: how does the brain feel?
    • Chili peppers, capsaicin and pain
    • Marijuana for pain treatment
    • Nerve blocks for pain treatment
    • Where can I get more information about pain?
  • Eosinophilic Esophagitis Eosinophilic esophagitis is an inflammation of the esophagus. Eosinophilic esophagitis has many causes including acid reflux,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eosinophilic Esophagitis Article
    • Eosinophilic esophagitis facts
    • What is and what causes eosinophilic esophagitis?
    • What are the symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis?
    • How does eosinophilic esophagitis cause dysphagia?
    • What are the other causes of dysphagia for solid food?
    • How is eosinophilic esophagitis diagnosed?
    • How is eosinophilic esophagitis treated?
    • What about elimination diets for treating eosinophilic esophagitis?
    • What is the future of eosinophilic esophagitis?
  • Pain Management Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management Article
    • Introduction to pain management
    • How is pain treatment guided?
    • What are the basic types of pain?
    • Nociceptive pain
    • Neuropathic pain
    • What are other causes of pain?
  • Miscarriage Miscarriage is the medical term for the spontaneous loss of pregnancy from conception to 20 weeks gestation. Risk factors for a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Miscarriage Article
    • What is a miscarriage?
    • How common is miscarriage?
    • What causes miscarriage?
    • What are the types of miscarriage?
    • What are signs and symptoms of a miscarriage?
    • How is miscarriage diagnosed?
    • What happens after a miscarriage?
    • What is the outlook for future pregnancies after a miscarriage?
    • Can miscarriage be prevented?
  • Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments Before treating a cold, the flu, or allergies with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, it's important to know what's causing the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments Article
    • Facts about cold, flu, and allergy treatments
    • Introduction to cold, flu, and allergy treatments
    • What are the differences between allergy, cold, and flu symptoms?
    • What are the different types of medications for headaches, body aches, fever, and flu-like symptoms?
    • Nasal congestion, sneezing, and runny nose
    • Cough
    • Sore throat and other symptoms
    • What about vitamin C and zinc?
    • What are some important considerations for the safe use of OTC products?
  • Eye Allergy Eye allergy (or allergic eye disease) are typically associated with hay fever and atopic dermatitis. Medications and cosmetics...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eye Allergy Article
    • Eye allergy facts
    • Eye allergy introduction
    • What causes eye allergies?
    • What is the basic anatomy of the outer eye?
    • Why are the eyes an easy target for allergies?
    • What are symptoms and signs of eye allergies?
    • What are allergic eye conditions?
    • What are eyelid allergies (also called contact eye allergies)?
    • What conditions can be confused with eye allergies?
    • What is the treatment for eye allergies?
    • What is the prognosis of eye allergies?
    • Can eye allergies be prevented?
  • Degenerative Disc Disease & Sciatica Degenerative disc disease makes the disc more susceptible to herniation (rupture) which can lead to localized or radiating pain....learn more »
    In This Article
    Degenerative Disc Disease & Sciatica Article
    • Degenerative disc disease and sciatica facts
    • How is the spine designed?
    • What is the purpose of the spine and its discs?
    • What causes degenerative disc disease?
    • What are the symptoms of degenerative disc disease?
    • What are radiculopathy and sciatica? What are the symptoms?
    • How are degenerative disc disease, radiculopathy, and sciatica diagnosed?
    • How is radiculopathy treated?
    • What is bony encroachment and spinal stenosis?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) of degenerative disc disease, radiculopathy, and sciatica?
    • Can degenerative disc disease, radiculopathy, and sciatica be prevented?
  • Pericarditis Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart. The causes of pericarditis include injury from...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pericarditis Article
    • Pericarditis facts
    • What is pericarditis?
    • What causes pericarditis?
    • What are the symptoms of pericarditis?
    • How is pericarditis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for pericarditis?
    • What are the complications of pericarditis?
  • Migraine Headache Migraine headaches are severe headaches that are accompanies to sensitivity to light, sounds, and smells. They are often...learn more »
    In This Article
    Migraine Headache Article
    • What is a migraine?
    • What are the risk factors for migraine?
    • What causes migraines?
    • What triggers migraines?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of migraines?
    • How are migraines diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for migraines?
    • What self-care treatment measures work for migraines?
    • How are migraines managed during pregnancy?
    • How are migraines managed in children?
    • What is the prognosis for migraines?
    • Can migraines be prevented?
  • Barrett's Esophagus Barrett's esophagus occurs as a complication of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), primarily in white males. GERD...learn more »
    In This Article
    Barrett's Esophagus Article
    • Barrett's esophagus facts
    • What is Barrett's esophagus?
    • Why is there so much interest in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What causes Barrett's esophagus?
    • Who develops Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is the specific abnormality in the inner lining (epithelium) of Barrett's esophagus?
    • What about the cancer that occurs in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus?
    • What is the risk of developing adenocarcinoma of the esophagus in Barrett's?
    • What are the symptoms of Barrett's esophagus?
    • How is GERD with or without Barrett's esophagus treated?
    • Why is it important to screen patients with GERD to diagnose Barrett's esophagus?
    • Why is it critical to be accurate in the diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus?
    • What does endoscopic biopsy surveillance in Barrett's esophagus involve?
    • How is high grade dysplasia managed?
    • How is low grade dysplasia managed?
    • What are the experimental approaches for treatment of high grade dysplasia?
    • What experimental options are there for Barrett's esophagus WITHOUT dysplasia?
    • What does the future hold for Barrett's esophagus?
  • Bruises A bruise, or contusion, is caused when blood vessels are damaged or broken as the result of a blow to the skin. The raised area...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bruises Article
    • Bumps and bruises facts
    • What is a bruise?
    • Why do bruises occur more frequently in some people than in others?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a bruise, and why does it change color?
    • What if the bruise doesn't get better or the area stays swollen?
    • What are some less common causes of bruising, and what do they indicate?
    • What is the treatment for bruising?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for bruising?
  • Psoriatic Arthritis Psoriatic arthritis is a disease that causes skin and joint inflammation. Symptoms include painful, stiff, and swollen joints,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Psoriatic Arthritis Article
    • Psoriatic arthritis facts
    • What is psoriatic arthritis?
    • What causes psoriatic arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for developing psoriatic arthritis?
    • What are psoriatic arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How does the doctor diagnose psoriatic arthritis?
    • What is the treatment for psoriatic arthritis?
    • Disease-modifying medications
    • What are complications of psoriatic arthritis?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with psoriatic arthritis?
    • Can psoriatic arthritis be prevented?
    • Is there a psoriatic arthritis diet?
    • What does the future hold for patients with psoriatic arthritis?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What causes a stroke?
    • What are the risk factors for stroke?
    • What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Pseudogout Pseudogout, a form of arthritis, results when deposits of crystals collect in and around the joints. Symptoms of pseudogout...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pseudogout Article
    • Pseudogout facts
    • What is pseudogout?
    • What are causes of pseudogout?
    • What are risk factors for pseudogout?
    • What are pseudogout symptoms and signs?
    • How does a doctor diagnose pseudogout?
    • What are treatments for pseudogout?
    • What other conditions can accompany pseudogout?
    • Are there special circumstances that can promote attacks of pseudogout?
    • What are complications of pseudogout?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) of pseudogout?
    • Can pseudogout be prevented?
  • Cluster Headaches The term cluster headache is a type of headache that recurs over a period of time. There are episodes that last one to three...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cluster Headaches Article
    • What are cluster headaches?
    • Who gets cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cluster headaches?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What triggers cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cluster headaches?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for cluster headaches?
  • Scleritis Scleritis is inflammation of the white part of the eye. It may be caused by a serious underlying condition, such as an autoimmune...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scleritis Article
    • Scleritis facts
    • What is scleritis?
    • What is the sclera?
    • What causes scleritis?
    • What are risk factors for scleritis?
    • What are symptoms of scleritis?
    • What are signs of scleritis?
    • How is scleritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scleritis?
    • What are the complications of scleritis?
    • What is the prognosis for scleritis?
    • Can scleritis be prevented?
    • What research is being done on scleritis?
  • Toothache A toothache is a pain on or around a tooth. It may be caused by a variety of things from a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis....learn more »
    In This Article
    Toothache Article
    • What is a toothache?
    • What causes a toothache?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a toothache?
    • How is a toothache diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a toothache?
    • Are home remedies effective for a toothache?
    • How is a toothache treated during pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis for a toothache?
    • Can a toothache be prevented?
  • Paget's Disease Paget's disease is a chronic bone disorder due to irregular breakdown and formation of bone tissue. Symptoms of Paget's disease...learn more »
    In This Article
    Paget's Disease Article
    • Paget's disease facts
    • What is Paget's disease?
    • What causes Paget's disease?
    • What are Paget's disease symptoms?
    • How is Paget's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Paget's disease?
    • What is the prognosis for Paget's disease?
    • Who discovered Paget's disease?
    • Where can I find more information about Paget's disease?
  • Microscopic Colitis (Lymphocytic Colitis and Collagenous Colitis) Microscopic colitis (lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis) is a disease of inflammation of the colon. Microscopic colitis...learn more »
    In This Article
    Microscopic Colitis (Lymphocytic Colitis and Collagenous Colitis) Article
    • What is colitis?
    • What diseases are not colitis?
    • What is microscopic colitis?
    • What causes microscopic colitis?
    • What are the symptoms of microscopic colitis?
    • How common is microscopic colitis and who is at risk?
    • When should I seek medical care for microscopic colitis?
    • How is microscopic colitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for microscopic colitis?
    • Can microscopic colitis be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of microscopic colitis?
  • Menstruation Menstruation (menstrual cycle) is also referred to as a "period." When a woman menstruates, the lining of the uterus is shed....learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstruation Article
    • Menstruation facts*
    • What is menstruation?
    • What is the menstrual cycle?
    • What happens during the menstrual cycle?
    • What is a typical menstrual period like?
    • What kinds of problems do women have with their periods?
    • When does a girl usually get her first period?
    • How long does a woman have periods?
    • When should I see a doctor about my period?
    • How often should I change my pad/tampon?
  • Myofascial Pain Syndrome Myofascial pain syndrome is muscle pain in the body's soft tissues due to injury or strain. Symptoms include muscle pain with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Myofascial Pain Syndrome Article
    • Myofascial pain syndrome facts
    • What is myofascial pain syndrome?
    • What are causes and risk factors for myofascial pain syndrome?
    • What are myofascial pain syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is myofascial pain syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for myofascial pain syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of myofascial pain syndrome?
    • Can myofascial pain syndrome be prevented?
  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a disorder of the muscles and joints that causes pain and stiffness in the arms, neck, shoulders,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polymyalgia Rheumatica Article
    • Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis facts
    • What is polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What causes polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What are symptoms and signs of polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • How is polymyalgia rheumatica diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • Can polymyalgia be prevented?
    • What are complications of polymyalgia rheumatica?
    • What is giant cell arteritis?
    • What causes giant cell arteritis?
    • What are symptoms of giant cell arteritis?
    • How is giant cell arteritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for giant cell arteritis?
    • What is the prognosis for patients with giant cell arteritis?
    • Can giant cell arteritis be prevented?
    • What are complications of giant cell arteritis?
  • Orthostatic Hypotension Orthostatic hypotension symptoms include lightheadedness, weakness, blurred vision, and syncope or passing out. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Orthostatic Hypotension Article
    • Orthostatic hypotension facts
    • What is orthostatic hypotension?
    • What causes orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the risk factors for orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the symptoms of orthostatic hypotension?
    • When should I call the doctor for orthostatic hypotension?
    • How is orthostatic hypotension diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for orthostatic hypotension?
    • What are the complications of orthostatic hypotension?
    • How can orthostatic hypotension be prevented?
  • Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH or Forestier's disease) is a form of degenerative arthritis. It is characterized...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Article
    • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) facts
    • What is diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What causes diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • How is diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis?
    • Can diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis be prevented?
  • Reactive Arthritis Reactive arthritis is a chronic, systemic rheumatic disease characterized by three conditions, including conjunctivitis, joint...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reactive Arthritis Article
    • Reactive arthritis facts
    • What is reactive arthritis?
    • What causes reactive arthritis?
    • What are risk factors for developing reactive arthritis?
    • What are reactive arthritis symptoms and signs?
    • How is reactive arthritis diagnosed?
    • How is reactive arthritis treated?
    • What is the prognosis of reactive arthritis?
    • Can reactive arthritis be prevented?
    • What does the future hold for reactive arthritis?
  • Knee Injury Knee injuries, especially meniscus tears, are common in contact sports. Symptoms and signs of a torn meniscus include knee pain,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Knee Injury Article
    • Knee injury facts
    • What are the different types of knee injuries?
    • What causes a knee injury?
    • What are risk factors for a knee injury?
    • What are knee injury symptoms and signs?
    • How is a knee injury diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a knee injury?
    • What exercises are recommended, and what exercises should be avoided during rehabilitation for a knee injury?
    • What is the recovery time for a knee injury?
    • What is the prognosis of a knee injury?
    • Can knee injuries be prevented?
  • Impingement Syndrome Impingement syndrome is a condition that affects the shoulder. Symptoms include pain with overhead use of the arm, difficulty...learn more »
    In This Article
    Impingement Syndrome Article
    • Introduction to impingement syndrome
    • What are the symptoms of shoulder impingement syndrome?
    • How is impingement syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is shoulder impingement syndrome treated?
    • What side effects are associated with impingement syndrome treatment?
  • Shingles and Pregnancy Becoming infected with chickenpox during pregnancy could cause birth defects in your unborn child. Likewise, shingles could also...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shingles and Pregnancy Article
    • Shingles in pregnancy facts
    • What is shingles?
    • What do shingles look like?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of shingles?
    • How is shingles diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Antiviral medication to treat shingles
    • Pain medication to treat shingles
    • Antihistamine medication to treat shingles
    • What are the complications of shingles in pregnancy?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for shingles in pregnancy?
    • Can shingles in pregnancy be prevented?
  • Relapsing Polychondritis Relapsing polychondritis is an uncommon, chronic disorder of the cartilage that is characterized by recurrent episodes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Relapsing Polychondritis Article
    • Relapsing polychondritis facts
    • What is relapsing polychondritis?
    • What causes relapsing polychondritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of relapsing polychondritis?
    • How is relapsing polychondritis diagnosed?
    • Can relapsing polychondritis be associated with other diseases?
    • What medications are used to treat relapsing polychondritis?
    • What is the long-term outlook (prognosis) for patients with relapsing polychondritis?
  • Still's Disease Still's disease (Systemic-Onset Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) is a disorder characterized by inflammation with high fever...learn more »
    In This Article
    Still's Disease Article
    • Still's disease facts
    • What is Still's disease?
    • What causes Still's disease?
    • What are risk factors for Still's disease?
    • How does Still's disease relate to juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of Still's disease?
    • How is Still's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the frequency of Still's disease and its features?
    • What is the treatment for Still's disease?
    • Is it possible to prevent Still's disease?
    • What Still's disease research is being done?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) with Still's disease?
  • Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Ulcers Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed medications for the treatment of inflammatory conditions. Examples of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Ulcers Article
    • What are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)?
    • What are the side effects of NSAIDs?
    • How do NSAIDs work and how do they cause stomach problems?
    • If a stomach ulcer is detected, how is it treated?
    • Can NSAID-related ulcers and complications be prevented?
  • Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide Menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms include abdominal cramping, bloating, a feeling of fullness, abdominal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide Article
    • Menstrual cramps and PMS medication facts
    • What are menstrual cramps?
    • What is the treatment for common menstrual cramps (primary dysmenorrhea)?
    • What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?
    • What treatments are available for PMS?
    • What medications are used to treat PMS?
    • What are some guidelines for the safe use of OTC products for menstrual cramps and PMS?
  • Sprains and Strains An injury to a ligament is called a sprain, and an injury to muscle or tendon is called a strain. Sprains and strains may be...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sprains and Strains Article
    • Muscle sprains and strains facts
    • What is the difference between a sprain and a strain?
    • What causes a sprain or strain?
    • Where do sprains and strains usually occur?
    • What are sprain symptoms and signs?
    • How are sprains and strains diagnosed?
    • How are sprains and strains treated?
    • What is the recovery time for sprains and strains?
    • Can sprains and strains be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of sprains and strains?
    • Where can people find more information about sprains and strains?
  • Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms (MS Treatment Options) Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission....learn more »
    In This Article
    Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms (MS Treatment Options) Article
    • Multiple sclerosis symptoms introduction
    • What are the symptoms one may experience with multiple sclerosis?
    • Bladder and bowel symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Eye symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Muscle symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Numbness, tingling, twitching and pain symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Sexual problem symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Speech and swallowing symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Other brain and nerve symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • What treatment options are available for treating multiple sclerosis symptoms?
    • What medications are available to treat multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms?
    • How are other multiple sclerosis symptoms managed?
  • Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) Tennis elbow is also known as lateral epicondylitis. Symptoms of tennis elbow include tenderness and dull pain of the outer...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) Article
    • Tennis elbow facts
    • What is tennis elbow?
    • What causes tennis elbow?
    • What are tennis elbow risk factors?
    • What are symptoms of tennis elbow?
    • How do physicians diagnose tennis elbow?
    • What is the treatment for tennis elbow?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for tennis elbow?
    • Is it possible to prevent tennis elbow?
  • Heart Attack Treatment A heart attack involves damage or death of part of the heart muscle due to a blood clot. The aim of heart attack treatment is to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heart Attack Treatment Article
    • What is a heart attack?
    • How is a heart attack treated?
    • Antiplatelet agents
    • Aspirin
    • Thienopyridines
    • Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors
    • Anticoagulants
    • Clot-dissolving drugs
    • Coronary angiography and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
    • Coronary artery stents
    • Nitrates
    • Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
    • Beta blockers
    • Oxygen
    • Coronary artery bypass
    • What can a patient expect during recovery from a heart attack?
    • How can a second heart attack be prevented?
  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease Osgood-Schlatter disease, a painful inflammation just below the knee but above the shin, typically affects adolescent boys....learn more »
    In This Article
    Osgood-Schlatter Disease Article
    • Osgood-Schlatter disease facts
    • What is Osgood-Schlatter disease?
    • What are symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter disease?
    • How is Osgood-Schlatter disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment and outlook for Osgood-Schlatter disease?
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or JRA) annually affects one child in every thousand. There are six...learn more »
    In This Article
    Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis) Article
    • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) facts
    • What is juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are causes and risk factors of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are juvenile idiopathic arthritis symptoms and signs, and how are the different types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What are complications of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
    • What is the prognosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis?
  • Eosinophilic Fasciitis Eosinophilic fasciitis is a skin disease that causes thickening and inflammation of the skin and fascia. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Eosinophilic Fasciitis Article
    • What are eosinophils?
    • What is fascia?
    • What is eosinophilic fasciitis?
    • What causes eosinophilic fasciitis?
    • What are symptoms and signs of eosinophilic fasciitis?
    • How is eosinophilic fasciitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for eosinophilic fasciitis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for eosinophilic fasciitis?
    • Can eosinophilic fasciitis be prevented?
  • Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Sunburn is caused by overexposure to UV radiation from the sun. UV rays can also damage the eyes. Repeated overexposure to UV...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Article
    • Sunburn and sun poisoning facts
    • What is sunburn?
    • Can sunburn cause permanent damage?
    • What is UV light and where are UV rays most intense?
    • Why does the skin tan after exposure to UV rays?
    • What are the symptoms of sunburn?
    • What are the symptoms of severe sunburn (sun poisoning)?
    • Sunburn pictures
    • What first-aid measures should be taken with sunburn?
    • What is the treatment for sunburn?
    • Are there any home remedies to treat sunburn?
    • Is a follow-up visit with a physician necessary?
    • Who is most susceptible to sunburn?
    • Can diseases cause a heightened sensitivity to UV rays?
    • Can medications increase sensitivity to sunburn?
    • What kinds of skin cancer can UV rays cause?
    • How can sunburn and skin cancer be prevented?
    • How do sunscreens work?
    • What is SPF?
    • What is the best way to apply sunscreen?
    • Do sunscreens expire?
    • Can antioxidants protect against sunburn?
  • SAPHO Syndrome SAPHO syndrome is a chronic disorder that involves the skin, bone, and joints. SAPHO syndrome is an eponym for the combination of...learn more »
    In This Article
    SAPHO Syndrome Article
    • SAPHO syndrome facts
    • What is SAPHO syndrome?
    • What causes SAPHO syndrome, and what are risk factors for developing it?
    • Is SAPHO syndrome related to other joint conditions?
    • What are symptoms and signs of SAPHO syndrome?
    • How is SAPHO syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for SAPHO syndrome?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with SAPHO syndrome?
    • Can SAPHO syndrome be prevented?
  • Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain Natural menopause is the permanent ending of menstruation that is not brought on by any type of medical treatment. For women...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain Article
    • What causes musculoskeletal pain?
    • What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain?
    • How is musculoskeletal pain diagnosed?
    • How is musculoskeletal pain treated?
  • First Aid First aid is a complicated subject and it is situation-specific. First aid is the help and medical assistance that someone gives,...learn more »
    In This Article
  • Flatfoot (Pes Planus) Flatfoot is a disorder in which the foot's entire sole is touching the ground while standing. Symptoms and signs of flatfoot...learn more »
    In This Article
    Flatfoot (Pes Planus) Article
    • What is flatfoot?
    • What are the different types of flatfoot?
    • What are other causes of flatfoot?
    • What are flatfoot symptoms and signs?
    • How is flatfoot diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for flatfoot?
    • What is the prognosis of flatfoot?
  • Headaches in Children Kids get headaches and migraines too. Many adults with headaches started having them as kids, in fact, 20% of adult headache...learn more »
    In This Article
    Headaches in Children Article
    • Introduction to headaches in children
    • How common are headaches in children and adolescents?
    • What types of headaches do children and adolescents get?
    • What causes headaches is children and adolescents?
    • How are headaches evaluated and diagnosed in children and adolescents?
    • How are headaches treated in children and adolescents?
    • What happens after my child starts treatment?
    • Do children outgrow headaches?
  • Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain Neuropathic pain is chronic pain resulting from injury to the nervous system. The injury can be to the central nervous system...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain Article
    • Introduction to neuropathic pain
    • What causes neuropathic pain?
    • What are the symptoms of neuropathic pain?
    • How is neuropathic pain diagnosed?
    • How is neuropathic pain treated?