Non-Polio Enterovirus Disease

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Enteroviruses are a group of viruses that include the polioviruses (viruses that cause polio) along with other types of viruses called coxsackieviruses and echoviruses. Rhinoviruses (viruses that cause the common cold) are the most common viruses infecting humans. The second most common viruses infecting humans are the non-polio enteroviruses (all the members of this virus group excluding the polio-causing viruses).

While the polioviruses have been eliminated in the Western Hemisphere, there are 62 different non-polio enteroviruses that are known to cause disease in humans. Anyone can be infected by non-polio enteroviruses, which are believed to cause 10-15 million illnesses per year in the U.S. alone. Infants, children, and adolescents are more likely than adults to develop an illness from enteroviral infection since they are less likely to have immunity to these viruses from previous exposures.

What is enterovirus D68 (EV-D68)?

Enterovirus disease came to national attention in early fall 2014 with an outbreak of infection caused by an enterovirus known as EV-D68 or enterovirus D68. This outbreak sent hundreds of children to the hospital, primarily in the Midwest and Southeast states. Symptoms of this infection are those of a respiratory infection similar to a cold, and many cases are mild. In others, symptoms can be severe enough to warrant intensive care in the hospital. The infection spreads from person to person. Treatment of this infection is supportive, and no vaccine is available.

How are enteroviruses spread?

Non-Polio Enterovirus Disease Resources

Doctor written main article on Enterovirus (Non-Polio Enterovirus Infection)