GENERIC NAME: nizatidine
BRAND NAME: Axid, Axid AR
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Nizatidine is an oral drug that blocks the action of histamine on stomach cells and reduces their production of acid. It belongs to a class of drugs called H2 blockers that also includes cimetidine (Tagamet), ranitidine (Zantac), and famotidine (Pepcid). Histamine is a naturally-occurring chemical that stimulates stomach cells to produce acid. H2-blockers inhibit the action of histamine on stomach cells, thus reducing the production of acid by the stomach. Since excessive stomach acid can cause or worsen stomach and duodenal ulcers, reducing stomach acid prevents ulcer formation and helps ulcers to heal. The FDA approved nizatidine in April 1988.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Nizatidine is used for treating active duodenal and gastric ulcers as well as preventing the recurrence of duodenal ulcers. It also is used for treating gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
SIDE EFFECTS: Common side effects are:
- muscle pain,
- depression, and
Quick GuideHeartburn: Causes, Symptoms, Remedies, Treatments
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Need help identifying pills and medications?
Use the pill identifier tool on RxList.