nitroglycerin, Nitro-Bid, Nitro-Dur, Nitrostat, Transderm-Nitro, Minitran, Deponit, Nitrol

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

What is nitroglycerin?

Nitroglycerin belongs to a class of drugs called nitrates. Nitroglycerin is used in the management of angina pectoris (heart pain).

What brand names are available for nitroglycerin?

  • Nitrostat,
  • Nitromist,
  • Nitroquick,
  • Nitrolingual,
  • Nitro-Dur,
  • Minitran,
  • Nitro-Bid,
  • Nitronol, and others

Is nitroglycerin available as a generic drug?

Yes (for some dosage forms)

Do I need a prescription for nitroglycerin?

Yes

Why is nitroglycerin prescribed to patients?

Nitroglycerin is used for the treatment and prevention of angina caused by coronary artery disease. Sublingual nitroglycerin and nitroglycerin spray are used to treat acute anginal attacks. Transdermal nitroglycerin, nitroglycerin ointment and capsules do not act rapidly enough to be used for acute anginal attacks.

Nitroglycerin also is used intravenously to treat congestive heart failure associated with heart attack and high blood pressure during surgery.

What are the side effects of nitroglycerin?

Common side effects include:

Aspirin, acetaminophen (Tylenol and others), or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin, and others) may be used to relieve the pain.

Other side effects include:

More serious side effects include flushing of the head and neck can occur with nitroglycerin therapy as can an increase in heart rate or palpitations. This can be associated with a drop in blood pressure which can be accompanied by dizziness or weakness. To reduce the risk of low blood pressure, patients often are told to sit or lie down during and immediately after taking nitroglycerin.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/2/2016

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