Nitrates (cont.)

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Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

Nitrates, including isosorbide dinitrate, increase the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart and thereby increase the amount of work that the heart can do by dilating (expanding) the arteries and veins in the body. Dilation of the veins reduces the amount of blood that returns to the heart that must be pumped, while dilation of the arteries lowers the pressure in the arteries against which the heart must pump. As a consequence of both effects, the heart works less and requires less blood and oxygen.

What are examples of nitrates available in the United States?

Examples of nitrates include:

  • nitroglycerin sublingual tablet (Nitrostat)
  • nitroglycerin lingual aerosol (Nitromist)
  • nitrolinglycerin pumpspray (Nitrolingual Pumpsprapy)
  • nitroglycerin lingual (Nitrolingual Pumpspray)
  • nitroglycerin transdermal ointment (Nitro-Bid)
  • nitroglycerin transdermal infusion system (Nitro-Dur)
  • nitroglycerin transdermal therapeutic system (Transderm-Nitro)
  • Nitroglycerin oral capsule (Nitro-Time)
  • nitroglycerin intravenous
  • isosorbide mononitrate and dinitrate (Isordil, Isordil Titradose, Dilatrate-SR))

What are the side effects of nitrates?

Side effects of nitrates are:

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/19/2014

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