Nitrates (Medication)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Pharmacy Author: Eni Williams, PharmD, PhD
    Eni Williams, PharmD, PhD

    Dr. Eni Williams graduated from Creighton University in 1988 with a B.S. degree in pharmacy and a Doctor of Pharmacy from Howard University in 1994. She also obtained a Ph.D. in Public Policy in 2009 at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

What are nitrates (nitrate medications)?

Nitrates are medications used for treating or preventing heart pain (angina, chest pain) caused by heart disease, usually of the arteries in the heart.

What are examples of nitrates available in the United States?

Examples of generic and brand names of nitrates include:

  • nitroglycerin sublingual tablet (Nitrostat)
  • nitroglycerin lingual aerosol (Nitromist)
  • nitrolinglycerin pumpspray (Nitrolingual Pumpsprapy)
  • nitroglycerin lingual (Nitrolingual Pumpspray)
  • nitroglycerin transdermal ointment (Nitro-Bid)
  • nitroglycerin transdermal infusion system (Nitro-Dur)
  • nitroglycerin transdermal therapeutic system (Transderm-Nitro)
  • Nitroglycerin oral capsule (Nitro-Time)
  • nitroglycerin intravenous
  • isosorbide mononitrate and dinitrate (Isordil, Isordil Titradose, Dilatrate-SR))

What are the side effects of nitrates?

Common side effects of nitrates include:

Other side effects include:

  • Skin irritation
  • Itching
  • Topical allergic reactions may also occur with the topical patch form
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/12/2016
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