nitazoxanide, Alinia

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

What is nitazoxanide-oral tablet, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?

  • Nitazoxanide is an oral medication that prevents growth of Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium parvum.
  • Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium parvum are protozoans that cause diarrhea.
  • Nitazoxanide works by interfering with the conversion of chemicals to energy in protozoal cells.
  • The FDA approved nitazoxanide on July 21, 2004.

What brand names are available for nitazoxanide-oral tablet?

Alinia

Is nitazoxanide-oral tablet available as a generic drug?

GENERIC AVAILABLE: No

Do I need a prescription for nitazoxanide-oral tablet?

Yes

What are the uses for nitazoxanide-oral tablet?

Nitazoxanide is used for the treatment of diarrhea caused by Giardia lamblia or Cryptosporidium parvum.

What are the side effects of nitazoxanide-oral tablet?

Common side effects of nitazoxanide include:

Other side effects of nitazoxanide include:

Diabetic patients and caregivers should be aware that the oral suspension of nitazoxanide contains 1.48 grams of sucrose per 5 mL.

Nitazoxanide should not be used by patients who are allergic to nitazoxanide or any other ingredient in the formulation.

Possible serious side effects of nitazoxanide include:

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/13/2016
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