- What is nifedipine?
- Is nifedipine available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for nifedipine?
- Why is nifedipine prescribed to patients?
- What are the side effects of nifedipine?
- What is the dosage for nifedipine?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with nifedipine?
- Is nifedipine safe to take during pregnancy or while breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about nifedipine?
What is nifedipine?
Is nifedipine available as a generic drug?
Do I need a prescription for nifedipine?
Why is nifedipine prescribed to patients?
Nifedipine is used for the treatment and prevention of angina resulting from either an increased workload on the heart (as with exercise) or spasm of the coronary arteries. It is used in the treatment of high blood pressure, to treat abnormally fast heart rhythms such as atrial fibrillation, and in the prevention of episodes of rapid heart rhythm originating from the atria of the heart.
It also is used to dilate blood vessels that go into spasm such as those causing Raynaud's phenomenon, a painful condition of the hands caused by spasm of the arteries supplying blood to the hands.
Non-FDA approved uses include:
- anal fissures (applied to the fissures),
- prevention of migraine headaches in adults,
- ureteral stones (as secondary therapy) and
- wound healing (applied to the skin).
What are the side effects of nifedipine?
Side effects of nifedipine are generally mild, and reversible. Most side effects are expected consequences of the dilation of the arteries. The most common side effects include:
Less common side effects include:
Uncommon side effects include:
- Muscle cramps
- Over growth of gums
- Erectile dysfunction
- Excessive reduction in blood pressure
Quick GuideHow to Lower Blood Pressure: Exercise Tips
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
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