nicotine patch (Nicoderm CQ, Habitrol)

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

GENERIC NAME: nicotine patch

BRAND NAME: Nicoderm CQ, Habitrol

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Nicotine patches are used for smoking cessation. Nicotine is released from the patches and absorbed through the skin. Released nicotine binds to nicotine receptors in the body, reducing nicotine craving and withdrawal symptoms associated with smoking cessation. The FDA approved the grit nicotine patch in November 1991.

PRESCRIPTION: No

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Nicotine patches are available in doses of: 21 mg (Step 1), 14 mg (Step 2), and 7 mg (Step 3) per patch. Each patch delivers nicotine over 24 hours.

STORAGE: Nicotine patches should be stored at room temperature, 20 C to 25 C (68 F to 77 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: Nicotine patches are used to control nicotine withdrawal symptoms and cravings associated with smoking cessation.

DOSING:

Smoking more than 10 cigarettes per day:

  • Step 1: Use one 21 mg patch per day for weeks 1 to 6 then,
  • Step 2: Use one 14 mg patch per day for weeks 7 to 8 then,
  • Step 3: Use one 7 mg patch per day for weeks 9 to 10 then stop.

Smoking 10 or less cigarettes per day:

  • Do not use Step 1 (21 mg)
  • Start with Step 2: Use one 14 mg patch per day for weeks 1 to 6 then,
  • Step 3: Use one 7 mg patch per day for weeks 7 to 8 then stop.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/25/2014



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