Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Treatment options by stage

Stage I Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Treatment of stage I nasopharyngeal cancer is usually radiation therapy to the tumor and lymph nodes in the neck.

Stage II Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Treatment of stage II nasopharyngeal cancer may include the following:

  • Chemotherapy given with radiation therapy, followed by more chemotherapy.
  • Radiation therapy to the tumor and lymph nodes in the neck.

Stage III Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Treatment of stage III nasopharyngeal cancer may include the following:

  • Chemotherapy given with radiation therapy, which may be followed by more chemotherapy.
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Radiation therapy followed by surgery to remove cancer -containing lymph nodes in the neck that remain or come back after radiation therapy.
  • A clinical trial of chemotherapy given before, with, or after radiation therapy.

Stage IV Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Treatment of stage IV nasopharyngeal cancer may include the following:

  • Chemotherapy given with radiation therapy, followed by more chemotherapy.
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Radiation therapy followed by surgery to remove cancer -containing lymph nodes in the neck that remain or come back after radiation therapy.
  • Chemotherapy for cancer that has metastasized (spread) to other parts of the body.
  • A clinical trial of chemotherapy given before, with, or after radiation therapy.

Treatment options for recurrent nasopharyngeal cancer

Treatment of recurrent nasopharyngeal cancer may include the following:

  • Intensity-modulated radiation therapy, stereotactic radiation therapy, or internal radiation therapy.
  • Surgery.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • A clinical trial of chemotherapy.
  • A clinical trial of stereotactic radiation therapy.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/19/2016

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