Nasopharyngeal Cancer (cont.)
In this Article
Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.
The prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options depend on the following:
After nasopharyngeal cancer has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the nasopharynx or to other parts of the body.
The process used to find out whether cancer has spread within the nasopharynx or to other parts of the body is called staging. The information gathered from the staging process determines the stage of the disease. It is important to know the stage in order to plan treatment. The results of the tests used to diagnose nasopharyngeal cancer are often also used to stage the disease.
The following stages are used for nasopharyngeal cancer:
Stage 0 (Carcinoma in Situ)
In stage 0, abnormal cells are found in the lining of the nasopharynx. These abnormal cells may become cancer and spread into nearby normal tissue. Stage 0 is also called carcinoma in situ.
In stage I, cancer has formed and is found in the nasopharynx only.
Stage II nasopharyngeal cancer is divided into stage IIA and stage IIB as follows:
In stage III nasopharyngeal cancer, the cancer:
Stage IV nasopharyngeal cancer is divided into stage IVA, stage IVB, and stage IVC as follows:
Recurrent Nasopharyngeal Cancer
Recurrent nasopharyngeal cancer is cancer that has recurred (come back) after it has been treated. The cancer may come back in the nasopharynx or in other parts of the body.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/2/2014
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