Muscle Spasms Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Muscle Spasms. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Muscle Spasms or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Muscle Cramps Muscle cramps are involuntarily and forcibly contracted muscles that do not relax. Extremely common, any muscles that have...learn more »
  • Anemia Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin...learn more »
  • Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Article
    • Diabetes facts
    • What is diabetes?
    • What is the impact of diabetes?
    • What causes diabetes?
    • What are the different types of diabetes?
    • Type 1 diabetes
    • Type 2 diabetes
    • Other types of diabetes
    • What are diabetes symptoms?
    • How is diabetes diagnosed?
    • Why is blood sugar checked at home?
    • What are the acute complications of diabetes?
    • What are the chronic complications of diabetes?
    • What can be done to slow diabetes complications?
  • Dehydration Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dehydration Article
    • Dehydration facts
    • What is dehydration?
    • What causes dehydration?
    • Dehydration pictures
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
    • What about dehydration in children?
    • How is dehydration diagnosed?
    • How is dehydration treated?
    • Can I treat dehydration at home?
    • What are the complications of dehydration?
    • How can dehydration be prevented?
  • Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer has been called a "silent" disease because early...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pancreatic Cancer Article
    • Pancreatic cancer facts
    • What is the pancreas, and what is the function of the pancreas?
    • What is cancer?
    • What is pancreatic cancer?
    • What are pancreatic cancer causes and risk factors?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of pancreatic cancer?
    • How is the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer made?
    • How is pancreatic cancer staged?
    • What is the treatment for resectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer?
    • What is the treatment for metastatic pancreatic cancer?
    • What are side effects of pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • What is the prognosis of pancreatic cancer?
    • What research is being done on pancreatic cancer?
    • Is complimentary or alternative therapy effective in pancreatic cancer treatment?
    • Can pancreatic cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people get support when coping with pancreatic cancer?
    • Where can people find additional information about pancreatic cancer?
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by physical symptoms. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What are the different types of anxiety?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for anxiety?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • How is generalized anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Scoliosis Scoliosis causes an abnormal curvature of the spine. When the cause of scoliosis is unknown the disorder is described based on...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scoliosis Article
    • Scoliosis facts
    • What is scoliosis?
    • What causes scoliosis?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of scoliosis?
    • How is scoliosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for scoliosis?
    • What is the prognosis for scoliosis?
    • Is there a cure for scoliosis?
    • Where can people get more information on scoliosis?
  • Vaginal Pain Vulvodynia or vaginal pain, genital pain is a condition in which women have chronic vulvar pain with no known cause. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Pain Article
    • Vaginal pain and vulvodynia facts
    • What are vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • What causes vaginal pain and/or vulvodynia?
    • What symptoms are characteristic of vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • What are risk factors for vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • What diagnostic tests are used to evaluate vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • How are vaginal pain and vulvodynia treated?
    • Medications and other medical therapies for vaginal pain and vulvodynia
    • Home remedies for vaginal pain and vulvodynia
    • What are the complications of vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
  • Hamstring Injury Hamstring injuries may range from minor strains to major ruptures. A hamstring injury causes spasm, tightness, and tenderness....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hamstring Injury Article
    • What are the hamstrings?
    • What is the function of the hamstrings?
    • What causes hamstring injuries, and what are types of hamstring injuries?
    • What are symptoms and signs of injury to the hamstring muscles?
    • How are hamstring injuries diagnosed?
    • How are hamstring injuries treated?
    • Can hamstring injuries be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for hamstring injuries?
    • Where can one find more information about hamstring injuries?
    • Hamstring injury facts
  • Seizure (Epilepsy) Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the person has seizures. There are two kinds of seizures, focal and generalized. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Seizure (Epilepsy) Article
    • Epilepsy Facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is epilepsy?
    • What causes epilepsy?
    • What are the different kinds of seizures?
    • Focal seizures
    • Generalized seizures
    • What are the different kinds of epilepsy?
    • When are seizures not epilepsy?
    • First seizures
    • Febrile seizures
    • Nonepileptic events
    • Eclampsia
    • How is epilepsy diagnosed?
    • Can epilepsy be prevented?
    • How can epilepsy be treated?
    • How does epilepsy affect daily life?
    • Are there special risks associated with epilepsy?
    • What research is being done on epilepsy?
    • How can I help research on epilepsy?
    • What to do if you see someone having a seizure
    • Conclusion
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder that causes symptoms like pain, clicking, and popping of the jaw. TMJ is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) Article
    • What is temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for TMJ syndrome?
    • What causes TMJ syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of TMJ syndrome?
    • How is TMJ syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for TMJ syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for TMJ syndrome?
    • Can TMJ syndrome be prevented?
  • Tetanus Tetanus is an often-fatal disease caused by nerve toxins produced by the common bacteria Clostridium tetani. In a seven-day...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tetanus Article
    • Tetanus facts
    • What is tetanus?
    • Where do tetanus bacteria grow in the body?
    • How does the tetanus toxin cause damage to the body?
    • What is the incubation period for tetanus?
    • What is the course of the tetanus disease? What are the symptoms and signs of tetanus?
    • What is the treatment for tetanus?
    • How is tetanus prevented?
    • What is the schedule for active immunization (tetanus shots)?
    • What are the side effects of tetanus immunization?
    • What is passive immunization (by way of specialized immunoglobulin)?
  • Multiple Sclerosis Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disorder in which brain and spinal cord nerve cells become demyelinated. This damage results...learn more »
    In This Article
    Multiple Sclerosis Article
    • What is multiple sclerosis?
    • What causes multiple sclerosis?
    • What are the risk factors for developing multiple sclerosis?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of multiple sclerosis?
    • What are the different types of multiple sclerosis?
    • How is multiple sclerosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of multiple sclerosis?
    • What is the prognosis and life expectancy with multiple sclerosis?
    • Can multiple sclerosis be prevented?
    • What research is being done on multiple sclerosis?
  • Parkinson's Disease Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurologic disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parkinson's Disease Article
    • Parkinson's disease facts
    • What is Parkinson's disease?
    • What causes Parkinson's disease?
    • What genes are linked to Parkinson's disease?
    • Who is at risk for Parkinson's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Parkinson's disease?
    • What other conditions resemble Parkinson's disease?
    • How is Parkinson's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Parkinson's disease?
    • How can people learn to cope with Parkinson's disease?
    • Can Parkinson's disease be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for Parkinson's disease?
  • Stress Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Article
    • Stress facts
    • What is stress?
    • A brief history of stress
    • What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
    • Who is most vulnerable to stress?
    • Teen stress
    • What is the healthy response to stress?
    • How does the response to stress work?
    • What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
    • What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
    • How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
    • What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
    • What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
    • Conclusions about the effects of stress
    • What can people do for stress management?
    • What's in the future for stress?
  • Heat Exhaustion Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heat-related illness that can develop after several days of exposure to high temperatures and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat Exhaustion Article
    • Heat exhaustion definition and facts
    • What is heat exhaustion?
    • What causes heat exhaustion?
    • Who is at risk for heat exhaustion?
    • What are the symptoms of heat exhaustion?
    • When should an individual seek medical care for heat exhaustion?
    • How is heat exhaustion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heat exhaustion?
    • What are the complications of heat exhaustion?
    • How can heat exhaustion be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for heat exhaustion?
  • Claudication Intermittent claudication, or pain and cramping in the lower leg is caused by inadequate blood flow to the leg muscles. This lack...learn more »
    In This Article
    Claudication Article
    • What is claudication?
    • What causes claudication?
    • What are the symptoms of claudication?
    • Why does claudication come and go?
    • What can cause the artery narrowing that leads to claudication?
    • Who typically is affected by claudication?
    • What are the risk factors for claudication and peripheral vascular disease?
    • How is claudication diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for claudication?
    • Can claudication be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis and treatment for patients with intermittent claudication?
  • Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a disabling brain disorder that may cause hallucinations and delusions and affect a person's ability to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schizophrenia Article
    • Schizophrenia facts
    • What is schizophrenia?
    • What are the different types of schizophrenia?
    • How common is schizophrenia in children?
    • What is the history of schizophrenia?
    • What are causes of schizophrenia? Is it hereditary?
    • What are schizophrenia symptoms and signs?
    • How is schizophrenia diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for schizophrenia and the side effects of those treatments?
    • What is the prognosis for schizophrenia?
    • What research is being done on schizophrenia?
    • Where can people get more information about schizophrenia?
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, Lou Gehrig's disease) is a neurological disease that progresses rapidly. The disease attacks...learn more »
    In This Article
    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Article
    • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis facts*
    • What is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?
    • Who gets ALS?
    • What are the symptoms of ALS?
    • How is ALS diagnosed?
    • What causes ALS?
    • How is ALS treated?
    • What research is being done on ALS?
    • How can I help research for ALS?
    • Where can I get more information about ALS?
  • Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis) Hyperhidrosis is excessive sweating of the underarms, palms, or soles of the feet. Treatment may involve over-the-counter...learn more »
    In This Article
    Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis) Article
    • Hyperhidrosis facts
    • What is hyperhidrosis?
    • What is the cause of hyperhidrosis?
    • What is the treatment of hyperhidrosis?
  • Heat-Related Illness Hyperthermia is the overheating of the body. Heat-related illnesses like heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat cramps, heat rash,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat-Related Illness Article
    • Heat-related illness facts
    • What is a heat-related illness?
    • What causes a heat-related illness?
    • Who is at risk of heat-related illness?
    • What are the symptoms of heat-related illness?
    • Heat stroke
    • Heat exhaustion
    • Heat cramps
    • Heat syncope
    • Heat rash
    • Heat-related illness prevention
  • Ramsay Hunt Syndrome Ramsay Hunt syndrome is an infection of a facial nerve that causes a red painful rash with blisters and facial paralysis. The...learn more »
    In This Article
    Ramsay Hunt Syndrome Article
    • What is Ramsay Hunt syndrome? What causes it?
    • What are the symptoms of Ramsay Hunt syndrome?
    • How is Ramsay Hunt syndrome diagnosed?
    • Is Ramsay Hunt syndrome contagious?
    • How does Ramsay Hunt syndrome compare with Bell's palsy?
    • How is Ramsay Hunt syndrome treated or prevented?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for patients with Ramsay Hunt syndrome?
    • Where can I find more information about Ramsay Hunt syndrome?
  • Heat Cramps Heat cramps usually affect people who sweat a lot during strenuous activity or work in a hot humid environment. Symptoms of heat...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat Cramps Article
    • Heat cramps facts
    • What are heat cramps?
    • Who is at risk for heat cramps?
    • What causes heat cramps?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of heat cramps?
    • When should an individual seek medical care for heat cramps?
    • How are heat cramps diagnosed?
    • What first aid treatments can help heat cramps?
    • What are the complications of heat cramps?
    • How can heat cramps be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for heat cramps?
  • Dystonia Dystonia disorders cause involuntary movements and prolonged muscle contraction, resulting in twisting body motions, tremor, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dystonia Article
    • Dystonia facts*
    • What is dystonia?
    • What are the symptoms of dystonia?
    • What do researchers know about dystonia?
    • When do symptoms of dystonia occur?
    • How are the dystonias classified?
    • What treatments are available for dystonias?
    • What research is being done on dystonias?
    • Where can I get more information about dystonias?
  • Toothache A toothache is a pain on or around a tooth. It may be caused by a variety of things from a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis....learn more »
    In This Article
    Toothache Article
    • What is a toothache?
    • What causes a toothache?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a toothache?
    • How is a toothache diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a toothache?
    • Are home remedies effective for a toothache?
    • How is a toothache treated during pregnancy?
    • What is the prognosis for a toothache?
    • Can a toothache be prevented?
  • Healthy Living and Disease Prevention The importance of a healthy lifestyle in disease prevention is widely understood and most people know that lifestyle changes and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Healthy Living and Disease Prevention Article
    • Healthy living facts
    • Eating (diet)
    • Physical activity and exercise
    • Avoid tobacco use
    • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
    • Avoid high-risk sexual behaviors
    • Avoid other high-risk behaviors
    • Additional tips for healthy living
  • Urinary Incontinence in Children Urinary incontinence in children (enuresis) is twice as common in boys as in girls and may occur during the daytime or nighttime....learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence in Children Article
    • Urinary incontinence in children facts
    • What is urinary incontinence?
    • How does the urinary system work?
    • What are the different types of urinary incontinence?
    • How common is urinary incontinence in children?
    • What causes nighttime incontinence in children?
    • What causes daytime incontinence in children?
    • How do you differentiate between organic and nonorganic causes of urinary incontinence?
    • What is the treatment for urinary incontinence in children?
    • What is the prognosis of urinary incontinence in children?
    • Where can people get more information on urinary incontinence in children?
  • Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms (MS Treatment Options) Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission....learn more »
    In This Article
    Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms (MS Treatment Options) Article
    • Multiple sclerosis symptoms introduction
    • What are the symptoms one may experience with multiple sclerosis?
    • Bladder and bowel symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Eye symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Muscle symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Numbness, tingling, twitching and pain symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Sexual problem symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Speech and swallowing symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Other brain and nerve symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • What treatment options are available for treating multiple sclerosis symptoms?
    • What medications are available to treat multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms?
    • How are other multiple sclerosis symptoms managed?
  • Neuromyelitis Optica Neuromyelitis optica (Devic's syndrome) is a disease of the CNS that affects the optic nerves and spinal cord. People with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neuromyelitis Optica Article
    • Neuromyelitis optica facts*
    • What is neuromyelitis optica?
    • What are the symptoms of neuromyelitis optica?
    • How is neuromyelitis optica diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for neuromyelitis optica?
    • What is the prognosis for neuromyelitis optica?
    • What research is being done?
  • Hypoparathyroidism In hypoparathyroidism, the parathyroid gland does not produce enough parathyroid hormone. Causes of hypoparathyroidism include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypoparathyroidism Article
    • Hypoparathyroidism facts*
    • What is hypoparathyroidism?
    • What causes hypoparathyroidism?
    • What are the symptoms of hypoparathyroidism?
    • How is hypoparathyroidism treated?
  • Polio A polio infection causes symptoms and signs such as paralysis, limb deformities, and even death. There is no curative treatment...learn more »
  • Fitness Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety....learn more »
    In This Article
    Fitness Article
    • The importance of physical activity and fitness
    • Why should I be active?
    • Can everyone benefit from physical activity?
    • What are the recommendations for increasing fitness for youth, adults, and seniors?
    • How do I get started with a fitness plan?
    • When is a medical evaluation necessary?
    • How can I make physical activity a part of my life?
    • What are the components of physical fitness?
    • Fitness terms
  • Alternative Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis The term alternative therapy, in general, is used to describe any medical treatment or intervention that has not been...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alternative Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis Article
    • Alternative therapies are recommended for MS intro
    • What alternative therapies are recommended for MS?
    • What are some other alternative/complementary therapy options for MS?
    • How can I tell which therapies are worth taking?
    • What red flags should I watch out for?
  • Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain Natural menopause is the permanent ending of menstruation that is not brought on by any type of medical treatment. For women...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain Article
    • What causes musculoskeletal pain?
    • What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain?
    • How is musculoskeletal pain diagnosed?
    • How is musculoskeletal pain treated?
  • Rabies Rabies is a viral disease that is transmitted via the bite of an infected animal. Symptoms include fever, headaches, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Rabies Article
    • Rabies facts
    • What is rabies?
    • What causes rabies?
    • What are risk factors for rabies?
    • What are rabies symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose rabies?
    • What is the treatment for rabies?
    • What is the prognosis of rabies?
    • Is it possible to prevent rabies? Is there a rabies vaccine?