- Surprising Reasons You're in Pain Slideshow
- Take the Pain Quiz
- Joint-Friendly Exercises to Reduce RA Pain Slideshow
- Patient Comments: Myofascial Pain Syndrome - Effective Treatments
- Patient Comments: Myofascial Pain Syndrome - Causes
- Find a local Rheumatologist in your town
- Myofascial pain syndrome facts
- What is myofascial pain syndrome?
- What are causes and risk factors for myofascial pain syndrome?
- What are myofascial pain syndrome symptoms and signs?
- What specialties of doctors treat myofascial pain syndrome?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose myofascial pain syndrome?
- What is the treatment for myofascial pain syndrome?
- What are home remedies for myofascial pain syndrome?
- What is the prognosis of myofascial pain syndrome?
- Is it possible to prevent myofascial pain syndrome?
What are myofascial pain syndrome symptoms and signs?
Myofascial pain syndrome causes localized muscle pain. Affected muscles cause neck pain, upper back pain, and lower back pain, generally affecting one side of the body or one side of the body much more than the other. There is commonly tenderness and spasm in the painful areas and there may be tenderness in areas that are not feeling chronic pain.
It is also common for patients with myofascial pain syndrome to have poor sleep patterns with decreased recovery sleep (non-rapid eye movement sleep). This is associated with awakening feeling unrested and daytime fatigue. Stiffness after inactivity is common.
What specialties of doctors treat myofascial pain syndrome?
Myofascial pain syndrome is commonly treated by primary-care physicians, including family medicine doctors, general practitioners, and internists. Other physicians who treat myofascial pain syndrome include physiatrists, orthopedists, and rheumatologists.
How do health-care professionals diagnose myofascial pain syndrome?
Physicians diagnose myofascial pain syndrome based on the areas of complaints of muscle pain and associated tenderness during a physical examination. Extensive laboratory testing is usually unnecessary. There are no appearance changes (redness, warmth, swelling, etc.) in areas of involvement. The appearance is the same as similar areas on the other side of the body. The widespread, diffuse body involvement that is typical of fibromyalgia is not present.