Muscle Cramps Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Muscle Cramps. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Muscle Cramps or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Muscle Spasms Muscle spasms are involuntary muscle contractions that come on suddenly and are usually quite painful. Dehydration, doing...learn more »
  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids during pregnancy
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Dehydration Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dehydration Article
    • Dehydration facts
    • What is dehydration?
    • What causes dehydration?
    • Dehydration pictures
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
    • What about dehydration in children?
    • How is dehydration diagnosed?
    • How is dehydration treated?
    • Can I treat dehydration at home?
    • What are the complications of dehydration?
    • How can dehydration be prevented?
  • Restless Leg Syndrome Restless leg syndrome (RLS or restless legs syndrome) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Restless Leg Syndrome Article
    • Restless leg syndrome facts
    • What is restless leg syndrome (RLS)?
    • What causes restless leg syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of restless leg syndrome?
    • How is restless leg syndrome diagnosed?
    • Can other conditions mimic restless leg syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for restless leg syndrome?
    • What medications are used to treat restless leg syndrome?
    • Are there any remedies or complimentary/alternative treatments for restless leg syndrome?
  • Hashimoto's Thyroiditis Hashimoto's thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in the US. This conditions is caused by inflammation of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hashimoto's Thyroiditis Article
    • Introduction to Hashimoto's thyroiditis
    • What causes Hashimoto's thyroiditis?
    • What are the symptoms of Hashimoto's thyroiditis?
    • How is Hashimoto's thyroiditis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of Hashimoto's thyroiditis?
    • Should I be concerned if I have Hashimoto's thyroiditis and want to become pregnant?
    • Conclusions
  • Heat Exhaustion Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heat-related illness that can develop after several days of exposure to high temperatures and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat Exhaustion Article
    • Heat exhaustion definition and facts
    • What is heat exhaustion?
    • What causes heat exhaustion?
    • Who is at risk for heat exhaustion?
    • What are the symptoms of heat exhaustion?
    • When should an individual seek medical care for heat exhaustion?
    • How is heat exhaustion diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heat exhaustion?
    • What are the complications of heat exhaustion?
    • How can heat exhaustion be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for heat exhaustion?
  • Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) Potassium is an essential electrolyte necessary for cell function. Low potassium (hypokalemia) may be caused by diarrhea,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) Article
    • What is is potassium?
    • What are the causes of low potassium (hypokalemia)?
    • What are the symptoms of low potassium?
    • How is low potassium diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for low potassium?
    • How can low potassium be prevented?
  • Shin Splints Shin splints result from inflammation from injury to the tendon and adjacent tissues in the front of the outer leg. Shin splints...learn more »
    In This Article
    Shin Splints Article
    • Shin splints facts
    • What are shin splints?
    • What are risk factors for shin splints?
    • What are shin splints symptoms?
    • What causes shin splints?
    • How are shin splints diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for shin splints?
    • What is the multifaceted relative rest approach?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for shin splints?
    • Can shin splints be prevented?
  • Hamstring Injury Hamstring injuries may range from minor strains to major ruptures. A hamstring injury causes spasm, tightness, and tenderness....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hamstring Injury Article
    • What are the hamstrings?
    • What is the function of the hamstrings?
    • What causes hamstring injuries, and what are types of hamstring injuries?
    • What are symptoms and signs of injury to the hamstring muscles?
    • How are hamstring injuries diagnosed?
    • How are hamstring injuries treated?
    • Can hamstring injuries be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for hamstring injuries?
    • Where can one find more information about hamstring injuries?
    • Hamstring injury facts
  • Parkinson's Disease Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurologic disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parkinson's Disease Article
    • Parkinson's disease facts
    • What is Parkinson's disease?
    • What causes Parkinson's disease?
    • What genes are linked to Parkinson's disease?
    • Who is at risk for Parkinson's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Parkinson's disease?
    • What other conditions resemble Parkinson's disease?
    • How is Parkinson's disease diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Parkinson's disease?
    • How can people learn to cope with Parkinson's disease?
    • Can Parkinson's disease be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for Parkinson's disease?
  • Dislocated Shoulder The shoulder is the most often dislocated joint in the body due to its mobility. Dislocation occurs when the head of the humerus...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dislocated Shoulder Article
    • Shoulder dislocation facts
    • What is dislocation of the shoulder? What causes a shoulder dislocation?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of a dislocated shoulder?
    • How do physicians diagnose dislocated shoulders?
    • What is the treatment for a dislocated shoulder?
    • What happens after reduction of a shoulder dislocation?
    • What is appropriate follow-up following a shoulder dislocation?
    • What are potential complications of a shoulder dislocation?
  • Claudication Intermittent claudication, or pain and cramping in the lower leg is caused by inadequate blood flow to the leg muscles. This lack...learn more »
    In This Article
    Claudication Article
    • What is claudication?
    • What causes claudication?
    • What are the symptoms of claudication?
    • Why does claudication come and go?
    • What can cause the artery narrowing that leads to claudication?
    • Who typically is affected by claudication?
    • What are the risk factors for claudication and peripheral vascular disease?
    • How is claudication diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for claudication?
    • Can claudication be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis and treatment for patients with intermittent claudication?
  • Myofascial Pain Syndrome Myofascial pain syndrome is muscle pain in the body's soft tissues due to injury or strain. Symptoms include muscle pain with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Myofascial Pain Syndrome Article
    • Myofascial pain syndrome facts
    • What is myofascial pain syndrome?
    • What are causes and risk factors for myofascial pain syndrome?
    • What are myofascial pain syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is myofascial pain syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for myofascial pain syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of myofascial pain syndrome?
    • Can myofascial pain syndrome be prevented?
  • Cholera Cholera is an infectious disease characterized by intense vomiting and profuse watery diarrhea and that rapidly lease to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cholera Article
    • Cholera facts
    • What is cholera?
    • What are cholera symptoms and signs?
    • What causes cholera, and how is cholera transmitted?
    • What is the history of cholera?
    • Who is at risk for cholera, and where do cholera outbreaks occur?
    • How is cholera diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cholera?
    • What is the prognosis of cholera?
    • Can cholera be prevented? Are cholera vaccines available?
    • Where can people find more information about cholera?
  • Stiff-Person Syndrome Stiff-Person syndrome is a neurological disorder associated with features of an autoimmune disease. Signs and symptoms of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stiff-Person Syndrome Article
    • What is Stiff-Person syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Stiff-Person syndrome?
    • Who is affected by, and what causes Stiff-Person syndrome?
    • How is Stiff-Person syndrome diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for Stiff-Person syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Stiff-Person syndrome?
    • What research is being done for Stiff-Person syndrome?
  • Hypoparathyroidism In hypoparathyroidism, the parathyroid gland does not produce enough parathyroid hormone. Causes of hypoparathyroidism include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hypoparathyroidism Article
    • Hypoparathyroidism facts*
    • What is hypoparathyroidism?
    • What causes hypoparathyroidism?
    • What are the symptoms of hypoparathyroidism?
    • How is hypoparathyroidism treated?
  • Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain Natural menopause is the permanent ending of menstruation that is not brought on by any type of medical treatment. For women...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain Article
    • What causes musculoskeletal pain?
    • What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain?
    • How is musculoskeletal pain diagnosed?
    • How is musculoskeletal pain treated?

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