Table of Contents
- Mumps (parotitis) facts
- What is mumps?
- What is the history of mumps?
- What causes mumps? Is mumps contagious? How is mumps transmitted?
- What is the incubation period for mumps?
- What is the contagious period for mumps?
- How long does mumps last?
- What are risk factors for contracting mumps?
- What does mumps look like?
- What are the signs and symptoms of mumps in children and adults?
- How do health care professionals diagnose mumps?
- What is the medical treatment for mumps in adults and in children?
- What types of health care professionals treat mumps?
- What are complications of mumps?
- Is it possible to prevent mumps? Is there a vaccine for mumps?
- Who should not get vaccinated with the MMR?
- What is the prognosis of a mumps infection?
- Where can people find more information on mumps?
- Can people get mumps twice?
Quick GuideChildhood Diseases: Measles, Mumps, & More
What are risk factors for contracting mumps?
- Failure to vaccinate completely (two separate doses) with exposure to those with mumps
- Age: The highest risk of contracting mumps is to a child between 2-12 years of age.
- Season: Outbreaks of mumps were most likely during the winter/spring seasons.
- Travel to high-risk regions of the world: Africa, general Indian subcontinent region, and Southeast Asia. These areas have a very low rate of immunization.
- Weakening immune system: either due to diseases (for example, HIV/AIDS, cancer) or medication (oral steroid use for more than two weeks, chemotherapy)
- Born before 1956: Generally, these individuals are believed to have experienced mumps infection in childhood. However, if they did not, they are at risk for adult mumps disease. Adult mumps is associated with a more intense disease and higher rate of certain side effects (such as inflammation of testicles, or orchitis). A blood test may be obtained to determine immunity and is worthwhile if any doubt exists regarding prior mumps infection.
What does mumps look like?
The unique physical exam findings seen in those with mumps is swelling and tenderness of one or both parotid glands on the sides of the face. The parotid glands are imbedded into the cheeks in front of the ear where a large set of sideburns would be. Less commonly affected are the salivary glands located under the lower jaw (mandible) or under the tongue (sublingual salivary glands).
Albrecht, Mary A. "Epidemiology, Clinical Manifestations, Diagnosis and Management of Mumps." UptoDate.com. Jan. 2011.
American Academy of Pediatrics. Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. 28th ed. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics, 2009.
Meissner, H. Cody. "What You Need to Know About Mumps." AAP News Oct. 3, 2016. IMAGES:
7.MedicineNet / CDC