Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Vertigo Vertigo is the sensation of spinning or rocking, even when someone is at rest. Vertigo may be caused by a problem in the brain or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vertigo Article
    • What is vertigo?
    • What causes vertigo?
    • What are the risk factors for vertigo?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of vertigo?
    • How is vertigo diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for vertigo?
    • Are home remedies effective for treating vertigo?
    • Can vertigo be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for vertigo?
  • Vitamin D Deficiency Vitamin D deficiency has been linked with rickets, cancer, cardiovascular disease, severe asthma in children and cognitive...learn more »
  • Constipation Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....learn more »
    In This Article
    Constipation Article
    • Constipation facts
    • What is constipation?
    • What causes constipation?
    • Medications that cause constipation
    • Other causes of constipation
    • What are constipation symptoms?
    • How is constipation evaluated (diagnosed)?
    • What treatments are available for constipation?
    • Home remedies and OTC medications to treat constipation
    • Prescription drugs to treat constipation
    • Other treatments for constipation
    • What is the approach to the evaluation and treatment of constipation?
    • When should I seek medical care for chronic constipation?
    • What's new in the treatment of constipation?
  • Muscle Spasms Muscle spasms are involuntary muscle contractions that come on suddenly and are usually quite painful. Dehydration, doing...learn more »
  • Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Article
    • What is a bladder infection?
    • What causes bladder infections?
    • What are some risk factors for bladder infection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in women?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in men?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in children?
    • How is a bladder infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a bladder infection?
    • Are home remedies effective for a bladder infection?
    • How is a bladder infection during pregnancy treated?
    • What are potential complications of a bladder infection?
    • Can bladder infections be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a bladder infection?
  • Dizziness Dizziness is a symptom that is often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dizziness Article
    • Dizziness facts
    • Introduction to dizziness (feeling dizzy)
    • What are some common causes of dizziness?
    • Low blood pressure
    • Postural or orthostatic hypotension
    • High blood pressure
    • Diabetes
    • Endocrine diseases
    • Hyperventilation
    • Heart conditions
    • Vasovagal syncope
    • Dizziness and vertigo
    • What are the symptoms experienced when a person feels dizzy?
    • When should I call the doctor for dizziness?
    • How is dizziness diagnosed?
    • How is vertigo diagnosed?
    • How is dizziness treated?
  • Tremors Tremor is the involuntary movements of one or more parts of the body. Causes of tremor include neurological disorders,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tremors Article
    • What is tremor?
    • What causes tremor?
    • What are the characteristics of tremor?
    • What are the different categories of tremor?
    • How is tremor diagnosed?
    • Are there any treatments for tremor?
    • What research is being done on tremor?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Urinary Retention Urinary retention (inability to urinate) may be caused by nerve disease, spinal cord injury, prostate enlargement, infection,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Retention Article
    • Urinary retention facts*
    • What is the urinary tract?
    • What causes urinary retention?
    • What are the symptoms of urinary retention?
    • How is urinary retention diagnosed?
    • How is urinary retention treated?
    • What are the complications of urinary retention?
    • What are the complications of treatments for urinary retention?
    • Hope through research
    • Where can people find more information about urinary retention?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Depression facts
    • What is a depressive disorder?
    • What are myths about depression?
    • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
    • Depression symptoms and signs in men
    • Depression symptoms and signs in women
    • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
    • Depression symptoms and signs in children
    • What are the causes and risk factors for depression?
    • Postpartum depression
    • How is depression diagnosed?
    • What treatments are available for depression?
    • What is the general approach to treating depression?
    • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
    • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
    • What are complications of depression?
    • What is the prognosis for depression?
    • How can depression be prevented?
    • What about self-help and home remedies for depression?
    • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
    • Where can one seek help for depression?
    • What is in the future for depression?
    • Where can people find more information about depression?
  • Dysphagia Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing, swallowing problems. Dysphagia is due to problems in nerve or muscle control. It is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dysphagia Article
    • Dysphagia facts
    • What is dysphagia?
    • What causes dysphagia?
    • Physical obstruction of the pharynx or esophagus
    • Diseases of the brain
    • Diseases of the smooth muscle of the esophagus
    • Diseases of skeletal muscle of the pharynx
    • Miscellaneous diseases
    • Swallowing-related symptoms
    • Non-swallowing-related
    • What is the differential diagnosis for dysphagia?
    • How is dysphagia evaluated and the cause diagnosed?
    • How is dysphagia treated?
    • What is the prognosis for dysphagia?
    • What does the future offer for dysphagia?
  • Uveitis Uveitis is inflammation of the eye. Symptoms include blurred vision, eye pain, eye redness, photophobia, and floaters. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uveitis Article
    • What is uveitis?
    • What causes uveitis?
    • What are symptoms of uveitis?
    • What are the signs of uveitis?
    • What are the different types of uveitis?
    • What other medical conditions are associated with uveitis?
    • How is uveitis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for uveitis?
    • What is the prognosis for uveitis?
    • What are the complications of uveitis?
    • Can uveitis be prevented?
  • Genetic Disease Genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Types of genetic inheritance include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Genetic Disease Article
    • What is a genetic disease?
    • What are the different types of inheritance?
    • Single gene inheritance
    • Multifactorial inheritance
    • Chromosome abnormalities
    • Mitochondrial inheritance
    • What is the human genome?
  • Optic Neuritis Optic neuritis is inflammation of the optic nerve, the structure that connects the eye to the brain. The precise cause of optic...learn more »
    In This Article
    Optic Neuritis Article
    • Optic neuritis facts
    • What is optic neuritis?
    • What causes optic neuritis?
    • What are symptoms of optic neuritis?
    • What are signs of optic neuritis?
    • How is optic neuritis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for optic neuritis?
    • What is the prognosis for optic neuritis?
    • Where can I find more information on optic neuritis?
  • Double Vision Double vision (diplopia) is a symptom that my indicate Graves' disease, myasthenia gravis, stroke, multiple sclerosis,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Double Vision Article
    • What is double vision?
    • What causes double vision?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of double vision?
    • How is the cause of double vision diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for double vision?
    • Can double vision be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for double vision?
  • Hydronephrosis Distention of the kidney with urine. Hydronephrosis is caused by obstruction of urine outflow (for example, by a stone blocking...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hydronephrosis Article
    • Hydronephrosis facts
    • What is hydronephrosis?
    • What causes hydronephrosis?
    • What are the symptoms of hydronephrosis?
    • When should I seek medical care for hydronephrosis?
    • How is hydronephrosis diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hydronephrosis?
    • What are the complications of hydronephrosis?
    • Can hydronephrosis be prevented?
  • Overactive Bladder Overactive bladder is a sudden involuntary contraction of the muscle wall of the bladder causing urinary urgency (an immediate...learn more »
    In This Article
    Overactive Bladder Article
    • Overactive bladder facts
    • What is an overactive bladder?
    • What are the causes of overactive bladder?
    • Are there any risk factors for overactive bladder?
    • What are symptoms of an overactive bladder?
    • How is overactive bladder diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for an overactive bladder?
    • What is the role of medications in treating overactive bladder?
    • What are treatments for the chronically incontinent?
    • What measures can be taken at home to prevent overactive bladder symptoms?
    • What are some of the complications of overactive bladder?
    • What is the prognosis for overactive bladder?
  • Bladder Spasms People who have bladder spasms, the sensation occurs suddenly and often severely. A spasm itself is the sudden, involuntary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bladder Spasms Article
    • What do bladder spasms feel like?
    • Who is most likely to develop bladder spasms?
    • What causes bladder spasms?
    • What are nervous system disorders that lead to bladder spasms?
    • Which types of surgery may lead to bladder spasms?
    • What are other causes of bladder spasms?
    • What is the treatment for bladder spasms?
    • What are complementary and alternative therapies for bladder spasms?
    • When should someone see a doctor for bladder spasms?
  • Urinary Incontinence There are many types of urinary incontinence (UI), which is the accidental leakage of urine. These types include stress...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence Article
    • Urinary incontinence (UI) in men facts*
    • Urinary incontinence (UI) introduction
    • What causes urinary incontinence (UI) in men?
    • How is urinary incontinence (UI) diagnosed?
    • How is urinary incontinence (UI) treated?
    • How do you do Kegel exercises?
    • Hope through research
    • For more information
  • Urinary Incontinence in Women Millions of women suffer from urinary incontinence (UI). UI occurs twice as often in women as in men. There are many types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence in Women Article
    • Urinary incontinence (UI) in women facts*
    • What is urinary incontinence?
    • What are the types of urinary incontinence?
    • How is incontinence evaluated?
    • How is incontinence treated?
    • Points to remember
    • Hope through research
    • For more information
  • Neuropathic Pain Neuropathic pain is a chronic condition that leads to ongoing pain symptoms. Diabetes, cancer, stroke, HIV, vitamin deficiencies,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Neuropathic Pain Article
    • What is neuropathic pain?
    • What are the risk factors for neuropathic pain?
    • What causes neuropathic pain?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of neuropathic pain?
    • How is neuropathic pain diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for neuropathic pain?
    • What is the prognosis for neuropathic pain?
    • Can neuropathic pain be prevented?
  • Nerve Disease and Bladder Control A nerve problem might affect your bladder control if the nerves that are supposed to carry messages between the brain and the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nerve Disease and Bladder Control Article
    • What bladder control problems does nerve damage cause?
    • What causes nerve damage?
    • How will the doctor test for nerve damage and bladder control problems?
    • What are the treatments for overactive bladder?
    • How do you do Kegel exercises?
    • What are the treatments for lack of coordination between the bladder and urethra?
    • What are the treatments for urine retention?
    • Hope through research
    • For more information
  • Bowel Incontinence Bowel or fecal incontinence refers to the loss of voluntary control of stool, or bowel movements. The condition can include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bowel Incontinence Article
    • Bowel incontinence (fecal incontinence) definition
    • What causes bowel incontinence?
    • What are the symptoms of bowel incontinence?
    • How is bowel incontinence diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for bowel incontinence?
    • What about bowel incontinence in children?
    • Can bowel incontinence be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for bowel incontinence?
  • Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms (MS Treatment Options) Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission....learn more »
    In This Article
    Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms (MS Treatment Options) Article
    • Multiple sclerosis symptoms introduction
    • What are the symptoms one may experience with multiple sclerosis?
    • Bladder and bowel symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Eye symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Muscle symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Numbness, tingling, twitching and pain symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Sexual problem symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Speech and swallowing symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • Other brain and nerve symptoms of multiple sclerosis
    • What treatment options are available for treating multiple sclerosis symptoms?
    • What medications are available to treat multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms?
    • How are other multiple sclerosis symptoms managed?
  • Fitness Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety....learn more »
    In This Article
    Fitness Article
    • The importance of physical activity and fitness
    • Why should I be active?
    • Can everyone benefit from physical activity?
    • What are the recommendations for increasing fitness for youth, adults, and seniors?
    • How do I get started with a fitness plan?
    • When is a medical evaluation necessary?
    • How can I make physical activity a part of my life?
    • What are the components of physical fitness?
    • Fitness terms
  • Alternative Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis The term alternative therapy, in general, is used to describe any medical treatment or intervention that has not been...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alternative Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis Article
    • Alternative therapies are recommended for MS intro
    • What alternative therapies are recommended for MS?
    • What are some other alternative/complementary therapy options for MS?
    • How can I tell which therapies are worth taking?
    • What red flags should I watch out for?
  • Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain Neuropathic pain is chronic pain resulting from injury to the nervous system. The injury can be to the central nervous system...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain Article
    • Introduction to neuropathic pain
    • What causes neuropathic pain?
    • What are the symptoms of neuropathic pain?
    • How is neuropathic pain diagnosed?
    • How is neuropathic pain treated?