Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

  • Medical Author:
    Danette C. Taylor, DO, MS, FACN

    Dr. Taylor has a passion for treating patients as individuals. In practice since 1994, she has a wide range of experience in treating patients with many types of movement disorders and dementias. In addition to patient care, she is actively involved in the training of residents and medical students, and has been both primary and secondary investigator in numerous research studies through the years. She is a Clinical Assistant Professor at Michigan State University's College of Osteopathic Medicine (Department of Neurology and Ophthalmology). She graduated with a BS degree from Alma College, and an MS (biomechanics) from Michigan State University. She received her medical degree from Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine. Her internship and residency were completed at Botsford General Hospital. Additionally, she completed a fellowship in movement disorders with Dr. Peter LeWitt. She has been named a fellow of the American College of Neuropsychiatrists. She is board-certified in neurology by the American Osteopathic Board of Neurology and Psychiatry. She has authored several articles and lectured extensively; she continues to write questions for two national medical boards. Dr. Taylor is a member of the Medical and Scientific Advisory Council (MSAC) of the Alzheimer's Association of Michigan, and is a reviewer for the journal Clinical Neuropharmacology.

  • Medical Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

    Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

Multiple Sclerosis MS picture

Early Symptoms and Signs of Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Multiple sclerosis or MS is a disease that attacks nerve tissue in the brain and spinal cord, which damages and destroys it. Examples of early symptoms and signs of multiple sclerosis are

  • bowel problems like constipation or stool leakage
  • eye problems like double vision or eye discomfort
  • muscle problems like difficulty walking or problems with coordination
  • twitching, tingling, numbness and pain in certain areas of the body
  • sexual problems in men and women...

Quick GuideMultiple Sclerosis Pictures Slideshow: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Multiple Sclerosis Pictures Slideshow: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Multiple sclerosis (MS) facts

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that causes demyelination (disruption of the myelin that insulates and protects nerve cells) of spinal nerve and brain cells.
  • Although the exact case is unknown, multiple sclerosis is considered to be an autoimmune disease.
  • Risk factors for the disease include being between 15-60 years of age; women have about two to three times the risk for multiple sclerosis than men.
  • Multiple sclerosis symptoms and signs depend on where the nerves are demyelinated and may include
  • There are four types of multiple sclerosis:
    1. relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS),
    2. the most common type), secondary-progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS),
    3. primary-progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS), and
    4. progressive-relapsing multiple sclerosis (PRMS).
  • Multiple sclerosis is diagnosed by a patient's history, physical exam, and tests such as MRI, lumbar puncture, and evoked potential testing (speed of nerve impulses); other tests may be done to rule out other diseases that may cause similar symptoms.
  • Multiple sclerosis treatment options include
  • Most multiple sclerosis patients have a normal life expectancy; untreated patients may develop mobility dysfunction while patients with the severe progressive forms may develop complications like pneumonia.
  • Ways to prevent getting multiple sclerosis have not been discovered.
  • Research is ongoing into developing new medications, immune system modifications, and other ways to identify potential multiple sclerosis causes. Continue Reading
Reviewed on 3/23/2016
References
REFERENCES:

National Multiple Sclerosis Society.

Compston, A. and A. Coles. "Multiple sclerosis." Lancet 372.9648 (2008): 1502-1517.

Nicholas, J. A., et al. "Multiple sclerosis: Five new things." Neurology: Clinical Practice 3.5 (2013): 404-412.

Science-BastedMedicine.org. The End for CCSVI.

IMAGES:

1.Getty Images

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12.MedicineNet/National Multiple Sclerosis Society

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14.iStock

15.Image Library

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