Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Multiple sclerosis (MS) facts

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that causes demyelination (disruption of the myelin that insulates and protects nerve cells) of spinal nerve and brain cells.
  • Although the exact case is unknown, multiple sclerosis is considered to be an autoimmune disease.
  • Risk factors for the disease include being between 15-45 years of age; women have about two to three times the risk for multiple sclerosis than men.
  • Multiple sclerosis symptoms and signs depend on where the nerves are demyelinated and may include
  • There are four types of multiple sclerosis:
    1. relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS),
    2. the most common type), secondary-progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS),
    3. primary-progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS), and
    4. progressive-relapsing multiple sclerosis (PRMS).
  • Multiple sclerosis is diagnosed by a patient's history, physical exam, and tests such as MRI, lumbar puncture, and evoked potential testing (speed of nerve impulses); other tests may be done to rule out other diseases that may cause similar symptoms.
  • Multiple sclerosis treatment options include
  • Most multiple sclerosis patients have a normal life expectancy; untreated patients may develop mobility dysfunction while patients with the severe progressive forms may develop complications like pneumonia.
  • Ways to prevent getting multiple sclerosis have not been discovered.
  • Research is ongoing into developing new medications, immune system modifications, and other ways to identify potential multiple sclerosis causes. Continue Reading
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Reviewed on 5/15/2015
Multiple Sclerosis Pictures Slideshow: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

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