Table of Contents
- Multiple sclerosis (MS) facts
- Multiple sclerosis definition
- What is multiple sclerosis?
- What causes multiple sclerosis?
- What are the risk factors for developing multiple sclerosis?
- What are multiple sclerosis symptoms and signs?
- What are the different types of multiple sclerosis?
- What kind of health-care professionals treats multiple sclerosis?
- How is multiple sclerosis diagnosed?
- What are multiple sclerosis treatment options?
- Multiple sclerosis medications
- What is the treatment for multiple sclerosis symptoms?
- What is the prognosis and life expectancy for multiple sclerosis?
- Is it possible to prevent multiple sclerosis?
- What research is being done on multiple sclerosis?
Early Symptoms and Signs of Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Multiple sclerosis or MS is a disease that attacks nerve tissue in the brain and spinal cord, which damages and destroys it. Examples of early symptoms and signs of multiple sclerosis are
- bowel problems like constipation or stool leakage
- eye problems like double vision or eye discomfort
- muscle problems like difficulty walking or problems with coordination
- twitching, tingling, numbness and pain in certain areas of the body
- sexual problems in men and women...
Quick GuideMultiple Sclerosis Pictures Slideshow: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Multiple sclerosis (MS) facts
- Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that causes demyelination (disruption of the myelin that insulates and protects nerve cells) of spinal nerve and brain cells.
- Although the exact case is unknown, multiple sclerosis is considered to be an autoimmune disease.
- Risk factors for the disease include being between 15-60 years of age; women have about two to three times the risk for multiple sclerosis than men.
- Multiple sclerosis symptoms and signs depend on where the nerves are demyelinated and may include
- visual changes including double vision or loss of vision
- tingling or weakness (weakness may range from mild to severe),
- vertigo or dizziness,
- erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence)
- pregnancy problems,
- incontinence (or conversely, urinary retention),
- muscle spasticity,
- incoordination of muscles,
- painful involuntary muscle contractions,
- slurred speech, and
- There are four types of multiple sclerosis:
- relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS),
- the most common type), secondary-progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS),
- primary-progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS), and
- progressive-relapsing multiple sclerosis (PRMS).
- Multiple sclerosis is diagnosed by a patient's history, physical exam, and tests such as MRI, lumbar puncture, and evoked potential testing (speed of nerve impulses); other tests may be done to rule out other diseases that may cause similar symptoms.
- Multiple sclerosis treatment options include
- Most multiple sclerosis patients have a normal life expectancy; untreated patients may develop mobility dysfunction while patients with the severe progressive forms may develop complications like pneumonia.
- Ways to prevent getting multiple sclerosis have not been discovered.
- Research is ongoing into developing new medications, immune system modifications, and other ways to identify potential multiple sclerosis causes. Continue Reading
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
Compston, A. and A. Coles. "Multiple sclerosis." Lancet 372.9648 (2008): 1502-1517.
Nicholas, J. A., et al. "Multiple sclerosis: Five new things." Neurology: Clinical Practice 3.5 (2013): 404-412.
Science-BastedMedicine.org. The End for CCSVI.
5. MedicineNet/National Multiple Sclerosis Society
6. Getty Images
8. Image Library
9. Getty Images
10. Photo Library
11. Image Library
Subscribe to MedicineNet's Newsletters
Get the latest health and medical information delivered direct to your inbox!