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- Patient Comments: Multiple Myeloma - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Multiple Myeloma - Prognosis
- Patient Comments: Multiple Myeloma - Diagnosis
- Patient Comments: Multiple Myeloma - Treatment
- Patient Comments: Multiple Myeloma - Follow-up care
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- Multiple myeloma facts
- What is multiple myeloma? What are plasma cells?
- What causes multiple myeloma?
- What are risk factors for multiple myeloma? Is multiple myeloma hereditary?
- What are multiple myeloma symptoms and signs?
- What tests do health care professionals use to make a diagnosis of multiple myeloma?
- What types of health care professionals treat multiple myeloma?
- What are the stages of multiple myeloma?
- What is the medical treatment for multiple myeloma?
- What is the prognosis for multiple myeloma? What is the survival rate for multiple myeloma?
- Is it possible to prevent multiple myeloma?
- What support systems are available for multiple myeloma?
Quick GuideUnderstanding Cancer: Metastasis, Stages of Cancer, and More
What is the prognosis for multiple myeloma? What is the survival rate for multiple myeloma?
The prognosis of multiple myeloma is variable, depending on the approximate stage and response to therapy. Though there is no cure for the disease, today's treatments are more effective and less toxic (have fewer side effects) than did many in the past. Multiple myeloma is a focus of active ongoing research. The median survival rate, beginning at the point of first treatment according to the American Cancer Society (ACS), according to stage of the disease is as follows:
- Stage I, 62 months
- Stage II, 44 months
- Stage III, 29 months
However, the ACS suggests that with treatment improvements, current survival rates are likely better. Unfortunately, life expectancy after relapse averages about nine months.
Complications of multiple myeloma may include kidney insufficiency, bleeding disorders, bone problems like pathological fractures, hypercalcemia, and neurological problems (for example, spinal cord compression, intracranial plasmacytomas, and others).
Is it possible to prevent multiple myeloma?
Because the risk factors for multiple myeloma are not fully understood, it is not a preventable disease. Currently, there is no cure for the disease. Even some individuals who recommend herbal home remedies like cayenne peppers suggest the herbals are used with drugs. Individuals should discuss the use of home remedies with their doctor before use.
What support systems are available for multiple myeloma?
The International Myeloma Foundation (IMF) can provide caregivers and patients information about many aspects of this disease. IMF's phone number is 1-800-452-2873. There are local, state, and national support groups for multiple myeloma.
American Cancer Society. "Multiple Myeloma." <http://www.cancer.org/cancer/multiplemyeloma/>.
"Multiple Myeloma Support Groups." The Myeloma Beacon.
"NCCN Guidelines." National Comprehensive Cancer Network.
Fanning, Suzanne R., et al. "Monoclonal gammopathies of uncertain origin." Medscape. 12 Jun 2013.
Shah, Dhaval. "Multiple Myeloma." Medscape.com. Feb. 5, 2016. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/204369-overview>.