Multiple Myeloma (cont.)

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What is the prognosis for multiple myeloma?

The prognosis of multiple myeloma is variable, depending on the approximate stage and response to therapy. However, there is no cure for the disease. For all patients the average 5-year survival rate is about 35%. Survival rates are higher in younger patients and lower in the elderly. Levels of C-reactive protein and beta-2 microglobulin have been used to predict survival times (for example, mean survival time in someone with both proteins levels less than 6 mg/L is 54 months and is 6 months if both are above 6 mg/L). Patients with tumor masses, kidney impairment, Bence Jones proteins, and elevated blood calcium (hypercalcemia) have a poor prognosis.

What support systems are available for multiple myeloma?

The International Myeloma Foundation (IMF) can provide caregivers and patients information about many aspects of this disease. IMF's phone number is 1-(800)-452-2873. There are local, state, and national support groups for multiple myeloma, but not all are available in every city.

REFERENCES:

"Multiple Myeloma." American Cancer Society. 12 Feb 2013.

"Multiple Myeloma Support Groups." The Myeloma Beacon.

"NCCN Guidelines." National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

Fanning, Suzanne R., et al. "Monoclonal gammopathies of uncertain origin." Medscape. 12 Jun 2013.


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/17/2013

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