Table of Contents
- MRSA infections facts
- What is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)?
- What is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)? (Continued)
- What does a MRSA infection look like?
- What are the risk factors for MRSA infections?
- What are the signs and symptoms of a MRSA infection?
- How is a MRSA infection transmitted or spread?
- What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose a MRSA infection?
- What types of doctors treat MRSA infections?
- How should caregivers treat MRSA patients at home?
- What is the treatment for a MRSA infection?
- What is the treatment for a MRSA infection? (Continued)
- What is the prognosis of a MRSA infection?
- How can people prevent a MRSA infection?
- What are the potential complications of a MRSA infection?
- What is a superbug?
- Where are other MRSA information sources?
Quick GuideMRSA Infection: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
What types of doctors treat MRSA infections?
Since MRSA can affect any organ, different doctors may be involved in caring for someone with MRSA. Most surgeons and primary-care doctors, such as family practice specialists, pediatricians, internists, and emergency-care doctors, can treat MRSA infections. Complicated or deep MRSA infections are often treated by an infectious-diseases specialist who is consulted by another doctor. A pulmonologist (lung specialist) may help to treat patients with MRSA pneumonia. A cardiologist (heart specialist) may help to diagnose MRSA infection of the heart valves. Specialist surgeons may be needed to treat deep MRSA infections in different parts of the body, such as an orthopedist (bone surgeon), podiatrist (foot surgeon), vascular (blood vessel surgeon), or cardiovascular (heart) surgeons.
How should caregivers treat MRSA patients at home?
The CDC states that healthy caregivers are unlikely to become infected while caring for MRSA patients at home. Patients with MRSA and their caregivers should do the following:
- Clean hands often, especially before and after changing wound dressings or bandages.
- Keep any wounds clean and change bandages as instructed until healed.
- Avoid sharing personal items such as towels or razors.
- Wash and dry clothes and bed linens with detergent and the temperatures recommended on the labels. Cold water is adequate to remove germs if an item cannot be washed warm.
- Tell health-care providers that the person has MRSA. This includes home health nurses and aides, therapists, and personnel in doctors' offices.
- Follow all other instructions given by the doctor.
Baorto, Elizabeth P. "Staphylococcus aureus Infections.: Medscape.com. Apr. 27, 2016. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/971358-overview>.
Herchline, Thomas E. "Staphylococcal Infections." Medscape.com. Apr. 25, 2016. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/228816-overview>.
Kallen, A.J., S. Bulens, A. Reingold, et al. "Health Care-Associated Invasive MRSA Infections, 2005-2008." JAMA 304 (2010): 641-648.
1.CDC - National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
2.CDC - James Gathany