Table of Contents
- MRSA infections facts
- What is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)?
- What is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)? (Continued)
- What does a MRSA infection look like?
- What are the risk factors for MRSA infections?
- What are the signs and symptoms of a MRSA infection?
- How is a MRSA infection transmitted or spread?
- What tests do health-care professionals use to diagnose a MRSA infection?
- What types of doctors treat MRSA infections?
- How should caregivers treat MRSA patients at home?
- What is the treatment for a MRSA infection?
- What is the treatment for a MRSA infection? (Continued)
- What is the prognosis of a MRSA infection?
- How can people prevent a MRSA infection?
- What are the potential complications of a MRSA infection?
- What is a superbug?
- Where are other MRSA information sources?
Quick GuideMRSA Infection: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
What are the signs and symptoms of a MRSA infection?
The incubation period (time between infection and start of symptoms) is variable and may depend on the particular strain of MRSA and the person's immunity. Most MRSA infections are skin infections that produce the following signs and symptoms:
- Cellulitis, an infection of the skin or the fat and tissues under the skin, usually starting as small red bumps in the skin. It includes redness, swelling of the tissues, warmth, and tenderness.
- Boils (pus-filled infections of hair follicles)
- Abscesses (collections of pus in or under the skin)
- Sty (an infection of an oil gland of the eyelid)
- Carbuncles (infections larger than an abscess, usually with several openings to the skin)
- Impetigo (a skin infection with pus-filled blisters)
- Rash or skin redness (skin appears to be reddish or have red-colored areas)
All of these skin infections are painful.
A major problem with MRSA (and occasionally other staph infections) is that occasionally the skin infection can spread to almost any other organ in the body. When this happens, it is a deep or invasive infection that can spread to the blood and infect internal organs. MRSA infections can cause complications such as infection of heart valves (endocarditis), gangrene or death of the soft tissues (necrotizing fasciitis), and bone or joint infections (osteomyelitis or septic arthritis). This can be deadly. Fever, chills, low blood pressure, joint pains, severe headaches, shortness of breath, and rash over most of the body are symptoms of sepsis (blood poisoning), which requires emergency medical attention.
Baorto, Elizabeth P. "Staphylococcus aureus Infections.: Medscape.com. Apr. 27, 2016. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/971358-overview>.
Herchline, Thomas E. "Staphylococcal Infections." Medscape.com. Apr. 25, 2016. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/228816-overview>.
Kallen, A.J., S. Bulens, A. Reingold, et al. "Health Care-Associated Invasive MRSA Infections, 2005-2008." JAMA 304 (2010): 641-648.
1.CDC - National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
2.CDC - James Gathany