GENERIC NAME: Morphine for injection
BRAND NAMES: Astramorph, Duramorph, Infumorph, AVINza
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Morphine is a chemical found in the opium plant. It is a narcotic (opiod) pain-reliever similar to hydrocodone, oxycodone, methadone, fentanyl, and other opioids. Morphine, like other opioids, stimulates receptors on nerves in the brain to increase the threshold to pain (increasing the amount of stimulation it takes to feel pain) and reduce the perception of pain (the perceived importance of the pain). The FDA approved injectable morphine in October 1986.
PRESCRIBED FOR: Morphine through intravenous, epidural, or intrathecal injections is used for the management of moderate-to-severe acute and chronic pain that is not responsive to non-narcotic pain relievers.
SIDE EFFECTS: The most frequent adverse reactions of morphine include:
Other side effects include:
- low blood pressure,
- slowed heart rate,
- weakness, and
- decreased oxygen delivery to the body.
Quick GuideChronic Pain: Causes and Solutions
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