- What is minoxidil, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for minoxidil?
- Is minoxidil available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for minoxidil?
- What are the uses for minoxidil?
- What are the side effects of minoxidil?
- What is the dosage for minoxidil?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with minoxidil?
- Is minoxidil safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about minoxidil?
What is minoxidil, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Minoxidil is a drug that is used for treating male-pattern baldness and hair loss in women. Oral minoxidil was originally used for treating high blood pressure, but patients and health care providers noticed that hair growth was a side effect of treatment. This led to the development of topical (solution applied to the skin) minoxidil for the treatment of male-pattern baldness. The mechanism of action leading to growth of hair is unknown. The FDA approved minoxidil in August 1988.
What brand names are available for minoxidil?
Rogaine (for men or women)
Is minoxidil available as a generic drug?
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
Do I need a prescription for minoxidil?
What are the uses for minoxidil?
Minoxidil is used to treat male-pattern baldness. In women, it is used to treat diffuse loss of hair or thinning of hair in the frontal areas of the scalp.
What are the side effects of minoxidil?
Common side effects of minoxidil include:
Other side effects include:
- chest pain, and
- increased or decreased blood pressure.
An increase in the absorption of minoxidil from the scalp can occur in patients with damaged skin, leading to increased side effects. Minoxidil's contains alcohol that can irritate the eyes. In case of accidental contact with eyes or other sensitive areas, the exposed area should be washed with cool water. Tendonitis has also been reported.
Quick GuideHair Loss: Causes, Treatments, and Prevention
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