Migraine Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Migraine. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Migraine or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Constipation Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....learn more »
    In This Article
    Constipation Article
    • Constipation facts
    • What is constipation?
    • What causes constipation?
    • Medications that cause constipation
    • Other causes of constipation
    • What are constipation symptoms?
    • How is constipation evaluated (diagnosed)?
    • What treatments are available for constipation?
    • Home remedies and OTC medications to treat constipation
    • Prescription drugs to treat constipation
    • Other treatments for constipation
    • What is the approach to the evaluation and treatment of constipation?
    • When should I seek medical care for chronic constipation?
    • What's new in the treatment of constipation?
  • Vertigo Vertigo is the sensation of spinning or rocking, even when someone is at rest. Vertigo may be caused by a problem in the brain or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vertigo Article
    • What is vertigo?
    • What causes vertigo?
    • What are the risk factors for vertigo?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of vertigo?
    • How is vertigo diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for vertigo?
    • Are home remedies effective for treating vertigo?
    • What is the prognosis for vertigo?
    • Can vertigo be prevented?
  • Dehydration Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dehydration Article
    • Dehydration facts
    • What is dehydration?
    • What causes dehydration?
    • Dehydration pictures
    • What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
    • What about dehydration in children?
    • How is dehydration diagnosed?
    • How is dehydration treated?
    • Can I treat dehydration at home?
    • What are the complications of dehydration?
    • How can dehydration be prevented?
  • Headache Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Headache Article
    • Headache facts
    • What is a headache?
    • How are headaches classified?
    • What are primary headaches?
    • What are secondary headaches?
    • What are cranial neuralgias, facial pain, and other headaches?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headaches?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • How are tension headaches treated?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • How are cluster headaches treated?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What diseases cause secondary headaches?
    • How are secondary headaches diagnosed?
    • What are the exams and tests for secondary headaches?
    • When should I seek medical care for a headache?
  • Dizziness Dizziness is a symptom that is often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dizziness Article
    • Dizziness facts
    • Introduction to dizziness (feeling dizzy)
    • What are some common causes of dizziness?
    • Low blood pressure
    • Postural or orthostatic hypotension
    • High blood pressure
    • Diabetes
    • Endocrine diseases
    • Hyperventilation
    • Heart conditions
    • Vasovagal syncope
    • Dizziness and vertigo
    • What are the symptoms experienced when a person feels dizzy?
    • When should I call the doctor for dizziness?
    • How is dizziness diagnosed?
    • How is dizziness/vertigo diagnosed?
    • How is dizziness treated?
  • Fainting (Syncope) Fainting, also referred to as blacking out, syncope, or temporary loss of consciousness has many causes. Often a person will have...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fainting (Syncope) Article
    • Fainting (syncope) Facts
    • Introduction to fainting (syncope)
    • What causes fainting (syncope)?
    • Heart rhythm changes
    • Heart structural conditions
    • Heart valve conditions
    • Sudden cardiac death
    • Postural hypotension
    • Vasovagal syncope
    • Anemia
    • Dehydration
    • Orthostatic hypotension
    • Vertebrobasilar artery disease
    • Electrolyte imbalance
    • Other medications and drugs
    • Pregnancy
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fainting (syncope)?
    • How is fainting (syncope) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fainting (syncope)?
    • Can fainting (syncope) be prevented?
  • Sinus Headache Sinus headache is caused by a sinus infection or inflammation of the sinus cavities. The primary symptom of a sinus infection is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sinus Headache Article
    • Sinus headache facts
    • What are the sinuses?
    • What is a sinus headache?
    • What causes a sinus headache?
    • What are the symptoms of a sinus headache?
    • When should I seek medical care for a sinus headache?
    • How is a sinus headache diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a sinus headache? Do home remedies work?
    • What are the complications of a sinus headache?
    • Can a sinus headache be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a sinus headache?
  • Tension Headache A tension headache is a headache previously thought to be caused by contraction of the muscles in the back of the neck, on the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Tension Headache Article
    • What is a tension headache?
    • What causes tension headaches?
    • What are the symptoms of tension headache?
    • How are tension headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for tension headache?
    • Are home remedies effective for tension headache?
    • Can tension headaches be prevented?
  • Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fibromyalgia Article
    • Fibromyalgia facts
    • What is fibromyalgia?
    • What causes fibromyalgia?
    • Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
    • What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
    • What are fibromyalgia symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose fibromyalgia?
    • What is the treatment for fibromyalgia?
    • Are there any home remedies for fibromyalgia?
    • Does diet or exercise affect fibromyalgia?
    • What is the prognosis of fibromyalgia?
    • Is it possible to prevent fibromyalgia?
    • Are there support groups for fibromyalgia?
    • What is the latest research on fibromyalgia?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Mercury Poisoning Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in water, soil, and the air. Mercury is also contained in some fish, some of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mercury Poisoning Article
    • Mercury poisoning facts*
    • Mercury introduction
    • General information about mercury and mercury exposure
    • What are the health effects and symptoms of mercury exposure or poisoning?
    • What about mercury in batteries?
    • What about mercury in dental amalgam?
    • What about mercury in fish?
    • What about mercury in fluorescent light bulbs?
    • What about thimerosal in vaccines?
    • What about mercury in thermometers for fever?
    • What about mercury in recycling and waste disposal?
    • How are mercury spills cleaned up?
    • What are more mercury-containing products?
    • How can I find out about mercury exposure where I live?
  • Nausea and Vomiting Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nausea and Vomiting Article
    • Nausea and vomiting facts
    • Introduction to nausea and vomiting
    • What causes nausea or vomiting?
    • Acute gastritis and nausea and vomiting
    • Central causes of nausea and vomiting
    • Nausea and vomiting associated with illness
    • Nausea and vomiting from medications and medical treatments
    • Nausea and vomiting and bowel obstruction
    • Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (morning sickness)
    • Vomiting in infants
    • What are home remedies for nausea or vomiting?
    • When should I call the doctor regarding nausea and vomiting?
    • How is the source of nausea or vomiting diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for nausea and vomiting?
  • Cluster Headaches The term cluster headache is a type of headache that recurs over a period of time. There are episodes that last one to three...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cluster Headaches Article
    • What are cluster headaches?
    • Who gets cluster headaches?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of cluster headaches?
    • What causes cluster headaches?
    • What triggers cluster headaches?
    • How are cluster headaches diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for cluster headaches?
    • Can cluster headaches be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for cluster headaches?
  • Tylenol Liver Damage Tylenol liver damage (acetaminophen) can occur from accidentally ingesting too much acetaminophen, or intentionally....learn more »
    In This Article
    Tylenol Liver Damage Article
    • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) liver damage facts
    • "Is it safe for me to take Tylenol?"
    • Do the recommended doses of Tylenol cause any liver damage?
    • Why should we know that the generic name of Tylenol is acetaminophen?
    • Just how much acetaminophen is safe to take?
    • How is acetaminophen processed (metabolized) in the body?
    • How does an overdose of acetaminophen cause liver injury?
    • Is overdose with acetaminophen usually accidental or intentional?
    • How can accidental overdose be avoided in adults?
    • How can overdose be avoided in children?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of acetaminophen-induced liver damage?
    • What should be done if acetaminophen toxicity is suspected?
  • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Depression facts
    • What is a depressive disorder?
    • What are myths about depression?
    • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
    • Depression symptoms and signs in men
    • Depression symptoms and signs in women
    • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
    • Depression symptoms and signs in children
    • What are the causes and risk factors of depression?
    • Postpartum depression
    • How is depression diagnosed?
    • What treatments are available for depression?
    • What is the general approach to treating depression?
    • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
    • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
    • What are complications of depression?
    • What is the prognosis for depression?
    • How can depression be prevented?
    • What about self-help and home remedies?
    • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
    • Where can one seek help for depression?
    • What is in the future for depression?
    • Where can people find more information about depression?
  • Chronic Pain Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Pain Article
    • Chronic pain facts*
    • Introduction to chronic pain
    • The A to Z of pain
    • How is pain diagnosed?
    • How is pain treated?
    • Pain management
    • What is the role of age and gender in pain?
    • A pain primer: what do we know about pain?
    • What is the future of pain research?
    • Appendix
    • Spine basics: the vertebrae, discs and spinal cord
    • The nervous system
    • Phantom pain: how does the brain feel?
    • Chili peppers, capsaicin and pain
    • Marijuana for pain treatment
    • Nerve blocks for pain treatment
    • Where can I get more information about pain?
  • Stress Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Article
    • Stress facts
    • What is stress?
    • A brief history of stress
    • What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
    • Who is most vulnerable to stress?
    • Teen stress
    • What is the healthy response to stress?
    • How does the response to stress work?
    • What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
    • What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
    • How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
    • What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
    • What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
    • Conclusions about the effects of stress
    • What can people do for stress management?
    • What's in the future for stress?
  • Pain Management Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pain Management Article
    • Introduction to pain management
    • How is pain treatment guided?
    • What are the basic types of pain?
    • Nociceptive pain
    • Neuropathic pain
    • What are other causes of pain?
  • Food Allergy The most common food allergies are to eggs, nuts, milk, peanuts, fish, shellfish, strawberries and tomatoes. Symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Food Allergy Article
    • Food allergy facts
    • Introduction to food allergies
    • How do allergic reactions to food occur?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of food allergy?
    • Do infants and children have problems with food allergy?
    • What are the most common food allergies?
    • What is cross-reactivity?
    • What is oral allergy syndrome?
    • What is exercise-induced food allergy?
    • What conditions have mistakenly been attributed to food allergy?
    • What conditions mimic food allergy?
    • How is food allergy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a food allergy?
    • Are allergy shots effective in preventing or decreasing food allergy?
  • Head and Neck Cancer Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head and Neck Cancer Article
    • Head and neck cancer facts*
    • What is cancer?
    • What kinds of cancers are considered cancers of the head and neck?
    • How common are head and neck cancers?
    • What causes head and neck cancers?
    • What are common symptoms of head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
    • What health professionals treat patients with head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers treated?
    • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • What rehabilitation or support options are available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • Is follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve?
    • What can people who have had head and neck cancer do to reduce the risk of developing a second primary (new) cancer?
  • Stroke A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stroke Article
    • Stroke facts
    • What is a stroke?
    • What are the different types of stroke?
    • What are the warning signs of a stroke?
    • What are the symptoms of a stroke?
    • How is a stroke diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for stroke?
    • What is the prognosis for stroke?
    • Is recovery after a stroke possible?
    • What is stroke rehabilitation?
    • Can strokes be prevented?
  • Double Vision Double vision (diplopia) is a symptom that my indicate Graves' disease, myasthenia gravis, stroke, multiple sclerosis,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Double Vision Article
    • What is double vision?
    • What causes double vision?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of double vision?
    • How is the cause of double vision diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for double vision?
    • Can double vision be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for double vision?
  • Insomnia Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insomnia Article
    • Insomnia facts
    • What is insomnia?
    • What causes insomnia?
    • What are the risk factors for insomnia?
    • What acute situational and stress factors cause insomnia?
    • What are the symptoms of insomnia?
    • When should I call the doctor about insomnia?
    • How is insomnia diagnosed?
    • How is insomnia treated?
    • What are non-medical treatments for insomnia?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • How can stimulus control help with insomnia?
    • What is sleep restriction?
    • What medications are used to treat insomnia?
    • What is the outlook for insomnia?
  • Menstruation Menstruation (menstrual cycle) is also referred to as a "period." When a woman menstruates, the lining of the uterus is shed....learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstruation Article
    • Menstruation facts*
    • What is menstruation?
    • What is the menstrual cycle?
    • What happens during the menstrual cycle?
    • What is a typical menstrual period like?
    • What kinds of problems do women have with their periods?
    • When does a girl usually get her first period?
    • How long does a woman have periods?
    • When should I see a doctor about my period?
    • How often should I change my pad/tampon?
  • Sleep A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Article
    • What is sleep?
    • What are the stages of sleep?
    • How much sleep does a person need?
    • Does the amount of sleep we need change as we age?
    • What are signs and symptoms of sleep deprivation?
    • What are and what causes sleep disorders?
    • How are sleep problems diagnosed?
    • How are sleep problems treated?
    • Sleep hygiene
    • Other therapies
    • Sleep aids (prescription and OTC)
    • Are sleep problems and disease related?
    • How can I get a good night's sleep?
  • Blindness Blindness is the state of being sightless. Causes of blindness include macular degeneration, stroke, cataract, glaucoma,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Blindness Article
    • Blindness facts
    • What is blindness?
    • What are the different types of blindness?
    • What causes blindness?
    • What are symptoms and signs of blindness?
    • How is blindness diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for blindness?
    • What is the prognosis for blindness?
    • When is someone considered legally blind?
    • Is blindness preventable?
  • Stress Management Techniques Stress may be considered as any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest and that may be a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Management Techniques Article
    • Stress-management facts
    • What is stress?
    • Who is most susceptible to stress?
    • What are the symptoms and effects of excess stress or "out-of-control" stress?
    • What can I do to better manage stress?
    • What are some effective stress-management strategies?
    • Exercise
    • Relaxation techniques/meditation
    • Other stress management strategies; time management
    • Organization skills
    • Support systems
    • How can I get help with stress management?
  • Abdominal Migraines in Children and Adults Abdominal migraine in adults and children is a variant of migraine headaches. Abdominal migraine in children generally occurs in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Abdominal Migraines in Children and Adults Article
    • Abdominal migraine in children facts
    • What is abdominal migraine?
    • What causes abdominal migraine?
    • What are the symptoms of abdominal migraine?
    • How is abdominal migraine diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment of abdominal migraine?
    • Medications to treat abdominal migraine
    • What is the prognosis for abdominal migraine?
  • Antiphospholipid Syndrome Antiphospholipid syndrome (phospholipid antibody syndrome or Hughes syndrome) is an immune system disorder characterized by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Antiphospholipid Syndrome Article
    • What is antiphospholipid syndrome?
    • What laboratory tests can support the diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome?
    • What causes antiphospholipid syndrome?
    • How is antiphospholipid syndrome treated?
    • What is catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome?
    • Antiphospholipid syndrome facts
  • Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Smoking (How to Quit Smoking) Article
    • Smoking and quitting smoking facts
    • What problems are caused by smoking?
    • What is addictive disease and why is smoking considered an addictive disease?
    • What are the signs of cigarette addiction?
    • Why should someone quit smoking?
    • What are the steps in quitting?
    • Getting ready to quit smoking
    • On the day you quit smoking
    • Staying quit
    • What methods can help a person quit smoking?
    • Behavioral modification and self-help literature to quit smoking
    • Nicotine replacement therapy to quit smoking
    • What prescription products are available for smoking cessation?
    • How are nicotine-containing products used safely?
    • What is in the future for smoking?
  • Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition in which affected individuals have severe nausea and vomiting that come in cycles....learn more »
    In This Article
    Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Article
    • Cyclic vomiting syndrome facts*
    • What is cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What triggers cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the four phases of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How is cyclic vomiting syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is cyclic vomiting syndrome treated?
    • What are the complications if cyclic vomiting syndrome is not treated?
    • What is the relationship between cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraines?
    • What other features and conditions accompany cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How common is cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the genetic changes related to cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How do people inherit cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What other names do people use for cyclic vomiting syndrome?
  • Fitness Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety....learn more »
    In This Article
    Fitness Article
    • The importance of physical activity and fitness
    • Why should I be active?
    • Can everyone benefit from physical activity?
    • What are the recommendations for increasing fitness for youth, adults, and seniors?
    • How do I get started with a fitness plan?
    • When is a medical evaluation necessary?
    • How can I make physical activity a part of my life?
    • What are the components of physical fitness?
    • Fitness terms
  • Problem Sleepiness When sleepiness interferes with daily routines and activities, or reduces the ability to function, it is called "problem...learn more »
    In This Article
    Problem Sleepiness Article
    • Problem sleepiness facts*
    • What is problem sleepiness?
    • What are the symptoms of problem sleepiness?
    • What causes problem sleepiness?
    • Sleep-wake cycle
    • Inadequate sleep
    • Sleep disorders
    • Medical conditions/drugs
    • Problem sleepiness and adolescents
    • Shift work and problem sleepiness
    • What treatments and remedies can help for problem sleepiness?
  • Headaches in Children Kids get headaches and migraines too. Many adults with headaches started having them as kids, in fact, 20% of adult headache...learn more »
    In This Article
    Headaches in Children Article
    • Introduction to headaches in children
    • How common are headaches in children and adolescents?
    • What types of headaches do children and adolescents get?
    • What causes headaches is children and adolescents?
    • How are headaches evaluated and diagnosed in children and adolescents?
    • How are headaches treated in children and adolescents?
    • What happens after my child starts treatment?
    • Do children outgrow headaches?

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