- Bacterial Infections 101 Pictures Slideshow
- Take the Tummy Trouble Quiz
- Hepatitis C Slideshow Pictures
- Microsporidiosis facts
- What is microsporidiosis? What causes the disease?
- What are risk factors for microsporidiosis?
- Is microsporidiosis contagious?
- What is the incubation period for microsporidiosis?
- How are microsporidia transmitted?
- What symptoms does microsporidiosis cause?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose microsporidiosis?
- What types of specialists treat microsporidiosis?
- What is the treatment for microsporidiosis?
- What is the prognosis of microsporidiosis?
- Is it possible to prevent microsporidiosis?
What symptoms does microsporidiosis cause?
Although microsporidiosis can occur in people with normal immune systems, it is very uncommon. The symptoms of microsporidiosis primarily occur in people with immune-system deficiency, such as HIV-infected individuals and organ-transplant recipients. Microsporidiosis can cause intestinal, lung, kidney, brain, sinus, muscle, or eye disease.
Intestinal symptoms that are caused by microsporidia infection include chronic diarrhea, wasting, malabsorption, and gallbladder disease. In patients with AIDS, the chronic diarrhea may be extremely debilitating and carries a significant mortality (death) risk. The majority of cases of intestinal microsporidiosis in AIDS patients are caused by Enterocytozoon bieneusi.
Microsporidiosis can cause infection in the urinary tract, kidney failure, bladder inflammation, and bowel perforation. Microsporidia can also spread throughout the body (disseminate) to cause inflammation in the brain, pancreas, sinuses, and muscle tissue.