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- Microsporidiosis facts
- What is microsporidiosis? What causes the disease?
- What are risk factors for microsporidiosis?
- Is microsporidiosis contagious?
- What is the incubation period for microsporidiosis?
- How are microsporidia transmitted?
- What symptoms does microsporidiosis cause?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose microsporidiosis?
- What types of specialists treat microsporidiosis?
- What is the treatment for microsporidiosis?
- What is the prognosis of microsporidiosis?
- Is it possible to prevent microsporidiosis?
Is microsporidiosis contagious?
Though the route of spread is poorly understood, studies have suggested that humans may possibly contract microsporidia via sexual transmission with an infected individual. Transmission from human to human may also possibly occur via the fecal-oral route or through direct contact with ocular secretions from infected individuals.
What is the incubation period for microsporidiosis?
The exact incubation period for microsporidiosis in humans has not been definitively established for all species.
How are microsporidia transmitted?
Microsporidia spores are released from the stool, respiratory secretions, and urine of infected animals. A number of animals, including insects, birds, and mammals, can serve as reservoirs of infection for microsporidia. Transmission of these spores is thought to occur primarily via ingestion or inhalation by humans, though the process is not perfectly understood. Studies have also suggested that water-borne and food-borne transmission may be possible.
Once within a cell, the microsporidia develop and multiply, producing more spores. The infective spores are then released when the cell expands and bursts.