Microcephaly Index

Featured: Microcephaly Main Article

Microcephaly is a genetic condition where the circumference of the head is smaller than normal due to underdeveloped brain. Microcephaly is caused by genetic abnormalities, abuse of alcohol or drugs, infection (for example, Zika virus, German measles, or chickenpox), exposure to toxins, or PKU while the mother is pregnant. Symptoms of microcephaly depend upon the severity of the accompanying syndrome. There is no treatment for microcephaly.

Patient Discussions - Viewers share their comments

    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Consuming alcohol during pregnancy may cause fetal alcohol syndrome, a group of conditions associated with mental, growth, and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Article
      • Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) facts
      • What is fetal alcohol syndrome?
      • What causes fetal alcohol syndrome?
      • What are risk factors for fetal alcohol syndrome?
      • What are symptoms and signs of fetal alcohol syndrome?
      • How do physicians diagnose fetal alcohol syndrome?
      • What is the treatment for fetal alcohol syndrome?
      • What are the complications and long-term effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?
      • What is the prognosis of fetal alcohol syndrome?
      • Is it possible to prevent fetal alcohol syndrome?
      • Is it safe to consume alcohol and breastfeed?
      • Where can people find more information about fetal alcohol syndrome?
    • Chickenpox (Varicella) Chickenpox (chicken pox) is a contagious childhood disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Symptoms have an incubation...learn more »
      In This Article
      Chickenpox (Varicella) Article
      • Chickenpox facts
      • What is chickenpox? What causes chickenpox?
      • How does chickenpox spread?
      • What are chickenpox symptoms and signs?
      • What are treatment options for chickenpox?
      • What are the possible complications of chickenpox?
      • Can chickenpox be prevented with a vaccine?
    • Pregnancy Planning Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes...learn more »
      In This Article
      Pregnancy Planning Article
      • Pregnancy planning facts
      • What is pregnancy planning?
      • What are pre-pregnancy planning goals?
      • What is a pregnancy calendar or calculator?
      • How soon can a woman start trying to conceive after stopping birth control?
      • What are dietary considerations for pregnancy planning?
      • How much weight gain is recommended in pregnancy?
      • What about alcohol consumption and pregnancy planning?
      • What infections should be avoided in pregnancy?
      • Should I exercise when pregnant?
      • Is it safe to have sexual intercourse during pregnancy?
      • Is air travel safe for pregnant women?
      • Do medications need to be stopped when planning pregnancy or when a woman becomes pregnant?
    • Seizure (Epilepsy) Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the person has seizures. There are two kinds of seizures, focal and generalized. There are...learn more »
      In This Article
      Seizure (Epilepsy) Article
      • Epilepsy Facts*
      • Introduction
      • What is epilepsy?
      • What causes epilepsy?
      • What are the different kinds of seizures?
      • Focal seizures
      • Generalized seizures
      • What are the different kinds of epilepsy?
      • When are seizures not epilepsy?
      • First seizures
      • Febrile seizures
      • Nonepileptic events
      • Eclampsia
      • How is epilepsy diagnosed?
      • Can epilepsy be prevented?
      • How can epilepsy be treated?
      • How does epilepsy affect daily life?
      • Are there special risks associated with epilepsy?
      • What research is being done on epilepsy?
      • How can I help research on epilepsy?
      • What to do if you see someone having a seizure
      • Conclusion
      • Where can I get more information?
    • Down Syndrome Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that is caused by an additional set of chromosomes in a developing fetus. Distinctive facial...learn more »
      In This Article
      Down Syndrome Article
      • What is Down syndrome?
      • What causes Down syndrome?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of Down syndrome?
      • How is Down syndrome diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for Down syndrome?
      • What are the potential complications of Down syndrome?
      • What is the prognosis for someone with Down syndrome?
      • What is the life expectancy for someone with Down syndrome?
      • Can Down syndrome be prevented?
    • Phenylketonuria Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a disorder that is inherited. PKU disorder increases the levels of phenylalanine in the blood....learn more »
      In This Article
      Phenylketonuria Article
      • What is phenylketonuria (PKU)?
      • What are the symptoms of phenylketonuria?
      • How common is phenylketonuria?
      • What genes are related to phenylketonuria?
      • How do people inherit phenylketonuria?
      • What other names do people use for phenylketonuria?

Related FAQs, Doctor's & Expert's Views

Procedures & Tests

Health News

Tools & References


Terms related to Microcephaly:

  • Small Head