metronidazole gel, Metrogel, Metrocream, Metrolotion, Metrogel Vaginal, Vandazole, Noritate, Rosadan

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

What is metronidazole gel, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?

Metronidazole is a man-made drug that is effective against certain bacteria and parasites (protozoa). The topical forms of metronidazole are used for treating vaginal infections with protozoa such as Trichomonas vaginalis, amoeba, and Giardia and also is effective against anaerobic bacterial infections. (Anaerobic bacteria are a type of bacteria that can grow without the presence of oxygen.) Metronidazole gel also is used for treating rosacea, a type of skin rash. Metronidazole was approved by the FDA in 1963.

What brand names are available for metronidazole gel?

Metrogel, Metrocream, Metrolotion, Metrogel Vaginal, Vandazole, Noritate, Rosadan, Nuvessa

Is metronidazole gel available as a generic drug?

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

Do I need a prescription for metronidazole gel?

Yes

What are the uses for metronidazole gel?

Metronidazole topical gel, cream, and lotion are used for treating rosacea. Metronidazole vaginal gel is used for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis (also referred to as Hemophilus vaginitis, Gardnerella vaginitis, or nonspecific vaginitis), a bacterial infection of the vagina. It is not effective in treating another common vaginal infection, Candidal vaginosis ("yeast infection").

What are the side effects of metronidazole gel?

Common side effects are:

Other important side effects include:

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/30/2016
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