metronidazole - injection, Flagyl, Metro (cont.)
PRECAUTIONS: Before using metronidazole, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other nitroimidazoles such as tinidazole; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver problems, severe kidney problems (not producing any urine), nervous system disorders (e.g., seizures), blood disorders, Crohn's disease, history of alcohol use/abuse, swelling (edema), using a feeding/medication tube inserted in the nose (naso-gastric tube).Avoid alcoholic beverages while using this medication and for at least 3 days after finishing this medicine because severe stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, headache and flushing can occur.This drug may make you dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness until you are sure you can perform such activities safely.Use of this medication for prolonged or repeated periods may result in a new infection (e.g., yeast infection in the mouth, bladder, or vagina).Newborns may be at greater risk for side effects while using this drug, because newborns are less able to remove metronidazole from their bodies.The elderly may be at greater risk for side effects while using this drug.During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.This medication passes into breast milk. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor before breast-feeding.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.Some products that may interact with this drug include: alcohol-containing products (e.g., cough and cold syrups, aftershave), "blood thinners" (e.g., warfarin), busulfan, cimetidine, corticosteroids (e.g., methylprednisolone, prednisone), fluorouracil, lithium, lopinavir/ritonavir solution taken by mouth, drugs for seizures (e.g., phenobarbital, phenytoin), live bacterial vaccines.Avoid disulfiram for 2 weeks before and during treatment with this medication.Although most antibiotics probably do not affect hormonal birth control such as pills, patch, or ring, some antibiotics may decrease their effectiveness. This could cause pregnancy. Examples include rifamycins such as rifampin or rifabutin. Be sure to ask your doctor or pharmacist if you should use additional reliable birth control methods while using this antibiotic.This medication may interfere with certain laboratory tests (including liver function tests, blood triglyceride levels), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
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