metolazone, Zaroxolyn, Diulo (Discontinued); Mykrox (Discontinued)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

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Thiazide diuretics, which are chemically related to metolazone, are known to increase the amount of uric acid in the blood. Precipitation of gout (which is associated with high uric acid) is rare. Metolazone can increase blood sugar in people with diabetes.

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Tablets: 2.5, 5, and 10 mg.

STORAGE: Tablets should be stored at room temperature, 15 C - 30 C (59 F - 86 F).

DOSING: The recommended dose is 2.5 to 5 mg for hypertension and 2.5-20 mg for treating edema.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Metolazone can reduce blood potassium and magnesium levels. This is especially true in patients who also are taking "loop" diuretics such as furosemide (Lasix), bumetanide (Bumex), and torsemide (Demadex ). Low potassium and magnesium levels can lead to heart rhythm abnormalities, especially in patients taking digoxin (Lanoxin). Metolazone reduces excretion of lithium (Lithobid, Eskalith) by the kidneys and can lead to lithium toxicity in patients receiving lithium. Steroids (for example, hydrocortisone) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen (Motrin), naproxen (Naprosyn), and nabumetone (Relafen) can reduce the effectiveness of metolazone by interfering with the excretion of salt and water.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/3/2015

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