methylphenidate hydrochloride (Quillivant XR)
GENERIC NAME: methylphenidate hydrochloride
BRAND NAME: Quillivant XR
DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Methylphenidate is a medication used for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It stimulates the central nervous system (CNS or brain) in a manner that is similar to amphetamines; however, its actions are milder than amphetamines. Amphetamines stimulate the brain by increasing the level of neurotransmitters, dopamine and norepinephrine, in the brain (neurotransmitters are chemicals produced by nerves that are released and attach to other nearby nerves as a means of communication among nerves). The exact mechanism of action of the drug in people with ADHD is unknown. Methylphenidate is the active ingredient in Ritalin and Concerta and is also available as pills and in a patch. FDA approved Methylphenidate suspension in September 2012.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/24/2014
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