metformin solution - oral, Riomet (cont.)
USES: Metformin is used with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes (non-insulin-dependent diabetes). Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Metformin belongs to the class of drugs known as biguanides. It works by helping to restore your body's proper response to the insulin you naturally produce, and by decreasing the amount of sugar that your liver makes and that your stomach/intestines absorb.OTHER This section contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by your health care professional. Use this drug for a condition that is listed in this section only if it has been so prescribed by your health care professional.Metformin may be used with lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise to prevent diabetes in people who are at high risk for becoming diabetic. By helping your body to respond better to insulin, metformin may decrease the risk of diabetes.
HOW TO USE: Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start using metformin and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.Take this medication by mouth, usually twice a day with meals or as directed by your doctor. Drink plenty of fluids while taking this medication unless otherwise directed by your doctor.Carefully measure your dose with a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose.The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. Your doctor may direct you to take a low dose at first, gradually increasing the dose to lower the chance of side effects such as upset stomach. Your doctor will adjust your dose based on your blood sugar levels to find the best dose for you. Follow your doctor's directions carefully. The usual maximum dose for an adult is 2550 milligrams each day.If you are already taking another anti-diabetic drug (e.g., chlorpropamide), follow your doctor's directions carefully for stopping/continuing the old drug and starting metformin.Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same times each day.Inform your doctor if your condition persists or worsens (e.g., blood sugar levels are high). It may take up to 2 weeks before the full benefit of this drug takes effect.
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