Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Although less common, developmental disorders and psychotic
disorders in children can have a lifelong impact on the child and his or her
As in any age group, there tends to be no single cause for mental
illness in children.
In addition to the specific symptoms of each mental
disorder, children with a psychiatric illness can exhibit signs that are
specific to their age and developmental status.
Establishing the diagnosis of
a mental illness in children usually involves the combination of comprehensive
medical, developmental, and mental-health assessments.
There are a variety of
treatments available for managing mental illness in children, including several
effective medications, educational or occupational interventions, as well as
specific forms of psychotherapy.
Children with mental-health problems can have
lower educational achievement, greater involvement with the criminal justice
system, and fewer stable placements in the child welfare system than their
Attempts at prevention of childhood mental illness tend to address both
specific and nonspecific risk factors, strengthen protective factors, and use an
approach that is appropriate for the child's developmental level.
mental illness in children is focused on a number of issues, including
increasing the understanding of how often these illnesses occur, the risk
factors, most effective treatments, and how to improve the access that children
have to those treatments.