Mental Illness Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Mental Illness. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Mental Illness or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcoholism Article
    • Alcohol use disorder facts
    • What is alcohol abuse?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
    • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
    • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
    • What are alcohol use disorder symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
    • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
    • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
    • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
    • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
    • Is there a safe level of drinking?
    • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
    • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
    • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
  • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Depression facts
    • What is a depressive disorder?
    • What are myths about depression?
    • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
    • Depression symptoms and signs in men
    • Depression symptoms and signs in women
    • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
    • Depression symptoms and signs in children
    • What are the causes and risk factors of depression?
    • Postpartum depression
    • How is depression diagnosed?
    • What treatments are available for depression?
    • What is the general approach to treating depression?
    • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
    • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
    • What are complications of depression?
    • What is the prognosis for depression?
    • How can depression be prevented?
    • What about self-help and home remedies?
    • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
    • Where can one seek help for depression?
    • What is in the future for depression?
    • Where can people find more information about depression?
  • Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a disabling brain disorder that may cause hallucinations and delusions and affect a person's ability to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schizophrenia Article
    • Schizophrenia facts
    • What is schizophrenia?
    • What are the different types of schizophrenia?
    • How common is schizophrenia in children?
    • What is the history of schizophrenia?
    • What are causes of schizophrenia? Is it hereditary?
    • What are schizophrenia symptoms and signs?
    • How is schizophrenia diagnosed?
    • What are treatments for schizophrenia and the side effects of those treatments?
    • What is the prognosis for schizophrenia?
    • What research is being done on schizophrenia?
    • Where can people get more information about schizophrenia?
  • Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder (or manic depression) is a mental illness characterized by depression, mania, and severe mood swings. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bipolar Disorder Article
    • Bipolar disorder facts
    • What is bipolar disorder?
    • What is the history of bipolar disorder?
    • What are the types of bipolar disorder?
    • What are bipolar disorder causes and risk factors?
    • What are bipolar disorder symptoms and signs in adults, teenagers, and children?
    • How is bipolar disorder diagnosed?
    • What illnesses often coexist with bipolar disorder?
    • What are bipolar disorder medications and other treatments? Are there any home remedies or alternative treatments for bipolar disorder?
    • How is bipolar disorder treated during pregnancy and the postpartum period?
    • What are complications and prognosis/effects over time of bipolar disorder?
    • Can bipolar disorder be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about bipolar disorder?
    • Where can people find support to help them cope with bipolar disorder?
  • Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Borderline Personality Disorder Article
    • Borderline personality disorder facts
    • What is borderline personality disorder (BPD)?
    • What other disorders often occur with BPD?
    • What causes borderline personality disorder?
    • What are the risk factors for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is borderline personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder complications?
    • What is the prognosis of people with borderline personality disorder?
    • How can borderline personality disorder be prevented?
    • Where can I get more information on borderline personality disorder?
  • Sleep Paralysis Sleep paralysis is a condition that causes a person to feel as if he or she is awake but is unable to move. Lack of sleep, sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Paralysis Article
    • Sleep paralysis introduction
    • Is sleep paralysis a symptom of a serious problem?
    • What is sleep paralysis?
    • When does sleep paralysis usually occur?
    • What happens with hypnagogic sleep paralysis?
    • What happens with hypnopompic sleep paralysis?
    • Who develops sleep paralysis?
    • How is sleep paralysis diagnosed?
    • How is sleep paralysis treated?
    • What can I do about sleep paralysis?
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder Dissociative identity disorder (formerly known as multiple personality disorder or split personality disorder) is a mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dissociative Identity Disorder Article
    • Dissociative identity disorder (DID) facts
    • What is dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors of dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are dissociative identity disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is dissociative identity disorder diagnosed?
    • What are the treatment methods for dissociative identity disorder?
    • What is the prognosis for dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are complications of dissociative identity disorder?
    • How can dissociative identity disorder be prevented?
  • Anorexia Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by markedly reduced appetite or total aversion to food. Anorexia is a serious...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anorexia Article
    • Anorexia nervosa facts
    • What is anorexia nervosa?
    • Who is at risk for anorexia nervosa?
    • What causes anorexia nervosa?
    • How is anorexia nervosa diagnosed?
    • What are anorexia symptoms and signs (psychological and behavioral)?
    • What are anorexia symptoms, signs, and complications (physical)?
    • What is the treatment for anorexia nervosa?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of anorexia nervosa?
    • How can anorexia nervosa be prevented?
    • The future of anorexia nervosa
    • Where can a person get help for anorexia nervosa?
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder that causes a person to suffer repeated obsessions and compulsions....learn more »
    In This Article
    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Article
    • Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) facts
    • What is obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and what are OCD symptoms?
    • What causes OCD?
    • How is OCD diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for OCD?
    • What happens if OCD is not treated? What are complications of obsessive compulsive disorder?
    • What is the prognosis for OCD?
    • How is OCD prevented?
    • Where can I get more information about obsessive compulsive disorder?
  • Schizoaffective Disorder Schizoaffective disorder is a mental illness that features schizophrenia and a mood disorder, either major depression or bipolar...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schizoaffective Disorder Article
    • Schizoaffective disorder facts
    • What is schizoaffective disorder?
    • What are the different types of schizoaffective disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for schizoaffective disorder?
    • What are schizoaffective disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How can schizoaffective disorder be diagnosed?
    • What are criteria for diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder?
    • What is the treatment for schizoaffective disorder?
    • What are complications of schizoaffective disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of schizoaffective disorder?
    • Can schizoaffective disorder be prevented?
    • Are there support groups for schizoaffective disorder?
    • Where can people find more information on schizoaffective disorder?
  • Suicide Suicide is the process of intentionally ending one's own life. Approximately 1 million people worldwide commit suicide each year,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Suicide Article
    • Suicide facts
    • What is suicide?
    • What are the effects of suicide?
    • What are some possible causes of suicide?
    • What are the risk factors and protective factors for suicide?
    • What are the signs and symptoms for suicide?
    • How are suicidal thoughts and behaviors assessed?
    • What is the treatment for suicidal thoughts and behaviors?
    • How can people cope with suicidal thoughts?
    • How can people cope with the suicide of a loved one?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Dysthymia Dysthymia is a less severe form of chronic depression. Symptoms and signs include insomnia, suicidal thoughts, guilt, empty...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dysthymia Article
    • Dysthymia facts
    • What is dysthymia?
    • What are causes and risk factors for dysthymia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of dysthymia?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose dysthymia?
    • What is the treatment for dysthymia?
    • What is the prognosis of dysthymia?
    • Is it possible to prevent dysthymia?
    • Are there support groups for people with dysthymia?
  • Fragile X Syndrome Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited form of mental retardation. It's caused by a mutation on the X chromosome. People...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fragile X Syndrome Article
    • Fragile X syndrome facts*
    • What is Fragile X syndrome?
    • What causes Fragile X syndrome?
    • What keeps the FMR1 gene from producing FMRP in Fragile X syndrome?
    • Human cells 101
    • How many people are affected by Fragile X syndrome?
    • How is Fragile X syndrome inherited?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Fragile X syndrome?
    • Intelligence and learning
    • Physical
    • Social and emotional
    • Speech and language
    • Sensory
    • Is there a cure for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Are there treatments for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Educational options
    • Therapeutic options
    • Medication options
    • What are the options for adults who have Fragile X syndrome?
    • What should I do if I find out someone in my family has Fragile X syndrome?
    • What is being done to develop treatments or a cure for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Where can I go for more information about Fragile X syndrome?
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) has many symptoms, signs, and causes. Therapy is one treatment option for antisocial...learn more »
    In This Article
    Antisocial Personality Disorder Article
    • Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) facts
    • What are antisocial personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • What is the difference between antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy?
    • What are causes and risk factors of antisocial personality disorder?
    • How is antisocial personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for antisocial personality disorder?
    • What happens if antisocial personality disorder is not treated? What is the prognosis of antisocial personality disorder?
  • Gambling Addiction Compulsive gambling is a disorder that affects millions in the U.S. Symptoms and signs include a preoccupation with gambling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gambling Addiction Article
    • Gambling addiction facts
    • What is a gambling addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for gambling addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a gambling addiction?
    • How is a gambling addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gambling addiction?
    • What is the prognosis for gambling addiction?
    • What are complications and negative effects of gambling addiction?
    • Is it possible to prevent gambling addiction?
    • Where can people get support for gambling addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about gambling addiction?
  • Mental Health Mental health is an optimal way of thinking, relating to others, and feeling. All of the diagnosable mental disorders fall under...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mental Health Article
    • Mental health and mental illness facts
    • What is mental health?
    • What is mental illness?
    • What are common types of mental illness?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for mental illness?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mental illness?
    • How is mental illness diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a mental health problem?
    • Can mental health disorders be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for mental health problems?
    • Where can people get support for mental health disorders?
    • Where can people get more information about mental illnesses?
  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder Schizotypal personality disorder is characterized by odd behaviors, feelings, perceptions, and ways of relating to others that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schizotypal Personality Disorder Article
    • Schizotypal personality disorder facts
    • What is schizotypal personality disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for schizotypal personality disorder?
    • What are schizotypal personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How do health professionals diagnose schizotypal personality disorder?
    • What is the treatment for schizotypal personality disorder?
    • What are complications of schizotypal personality disorder? What is the prognosis of schizotypal personality disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent schizotypal personality disorder?
    • Where can people get more information on schizotypal personality disorder?
  • Munchausen Syndrome Munchausen syndrome is a factitious disorder and attention-seeking syndrome in which an individual pretends to have physical or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Munchausen Syndrome Article
    • Munchausen syndrome facts
    • What is Munchausen syndrome?
    • What causes Munchausen syndrome?
    • What are Munchausen syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is Munchausen syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Munchausen syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Munchausen syndrome?
    • Can Munchausen syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about Munchausen syndrome?
  • Teen Depression Depression in teenagers may be caused by many factors. Symptoms of teen depression include apathy, irresponsible behavior,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teen Depression Article
    • Teen depression facts
    • What is teen depression?
    • What are causes and risk factors for depression in teenagers?
    • What are teen depression symptoms and signs?
    • What are warning signs for teen suicide?
    • How is depression in teens diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for teen depression?
    • What are complications of teen depression?
    • What is the prognosis of teen depression?
    • Can teen depression be prevented?
    • What can family members and friends do to help a depressed teen?
    • Where can teens get support for depression?
  • ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental-health condition that causes the following symptoms in children:...learn more »
    In This Article
    ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children) Article
    • ADHD in children facts
    • What is ADHD?
    • What are risk factors and causes of ADHD in children?
    • What are signs and symptoms of ADHD in children?
    • Are there ADHD tests? How do physicians diagnose ADHD in children?
    • What are the treatments for ADHD in children? What are possible side effects of ADHD medications?
    • What are complications and the prognosis of ADHD in children?
    • Is it possible to prevent ADHD in children?
    • What is the latest research on ADHD in children?
    • Are there support groups for children with ADHD?
    • Where can people find more information on ADHD in children?
  • Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) is a mental illness (factitious disorder) in which a caregiver secretly abuses a child by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy Article
    • Munchausen syndrome by proxy facts
    • What is Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • What are causes/risk factors for Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • How is Munchausen syndrome by proxy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • What are the complications of Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • Where can one get more information on Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
  • Depression in Children Childhood depression can interfere with social activities, interests, schoolwork and family life. Symptoms and signs include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression in Children Article
    • Depression in children facts
    • What is childhood depression?
    • What are the types of depression in children?
    • What are causes and risk factors for depression in children?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of depression in children?
    • How is depression in children diagnosed?
    • What should parents do if they suspect that their child is depressed?
    • What is the treatment for depression in children?
    • What are complications of depression in children?
    • What is the prognosis of depression in children?
    • Can depression in children be prevented?
    • Where can families get support for a child with depression?
  • Bulimia People with bulimia nervosa, an eating disorder that involves episodes of bingeing and purging, experience symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bulimia Article
    • Bulimia nervosa facts
    • What is bulimia?
    • What are causes and risk factors for bulimia?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of bulimia?
    • How do physicians diagnose bulimia?
    • What is the treatment for bulimia?
    • What are complications of bulimia?
    • What is the prognosis for bulimia?
    • Is it possible to prevent bulimia?
    • Where can one find more information about bulimia?
    • Are there support groups for people with bulimia?
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorder Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an illness where a person is overly preoccupied with some minor or imaginary flaw. People with...learn more »
    In This Article
    Body Dysmorphic Disorder Article
    • What is body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of body dysmorphic disorder?
    • What is the treatment for body dysmorphic disorder?
  • Depression in the Elderly Depression in the elderly is very common. That doesn't mean, though, it's normal. Treatment may involve antidepressants,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression in the Elderly Article
    • How does depression in the elderly differ from depression in younger adults?
    • How is insomnia related to depression in the elderly?
    • What are risk factors for depression in the elderly?
    • What types of treatment are available for depression in the elderly?
    • How do antidepressants relieve depression in the elderly?
    • Can psychotherapy help relieve depression in the elderly?
    • Who may benefit from electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
    • What other problems affect treatment of depression in the elderly?
  • Paraphilia Paraphilias are characterized by sexual fantasies, urges, and behaviors involving unusual objects or activities. Exhibitionism,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Paraphilia Article
    • What are paraphilias?
    • What behaviors are considered paraphilias?
    • How common are paraphilias?
    • What causes paraphilia?
    • How is paraphilia treated?
    • How successful is treatment for paraphilia?
  • Depression Depression is a mental illness that affects 19 million Americans annually. Causes are genetic, environmental, and biological....learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Types of Depression
    • Depression Facts/Statistics
    • Causes of Depression
    • Symptoms and Signs of Depression
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Depression Diagnosis
    • Depression Treatment
    • Self-Care at Home
    • Medical Treatment
    • Depression Medications
    • Other Therapy for Depression
    • Alternative Treatments, Complementary Therapies, and Electroconvulsive Therapy
    • Follow-up
    • Depression Prevention
    • Depression Prognosis
    • Getting Help: Support Groups and Counseling
    • For More Information
  • Factitious Disorders Factitious disorders are conditions in which people pretend to have physical or mental illnesses when they aren't sick. These...learn more »
    In This Article
    Factitious Disorders Article
    • Types of factitious disorders
    • What are the symptoms of factitious disorders?
    • What causes factitious disorders?
    • How common are factitious disorders?
    • How are factitious disorders diagnosed?
    • How are factitious disorders treated?
    • What is the prognosis for people with factitious disorders?
    • Can factitious disorders be prevented?
  • Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by symptoms of both mania and depression. The cause of bipolar disorder is not...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bipolar Disorder Article
    • Bipolar Disorder Overview
    • Bipolar Disorder Causes
    • Bipolar Disorder Symptoms and Signs
    • When to Seek Medical Care for Bipolar Disorder
    • Bipolar Disorder Diagnosis
    • Bipolar Disorder Treatment
    • Bipolar Disorder Medications
    • Other Therapy for Bipolar Disorder
    • Bipolar Disorder Follow-up
    • Bipolar Disorder Prevention
    • Bipolar Disorder Prognosis
    • Support Groups and Counseling

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