Mental Health (Psychology) Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Mental Health (Psychology). These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Mental Health (Psychology) or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Heat Rash Heat rash is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating. It can occur at any age and it appears as a rash that itches or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Heat Rash Article
    • Heat rash facts
    • What is heat rash?
    • What are the causes of heat rash?
    • What are the symptoms of heat rash in children and adults?
    • Who is at risk for heat rash?
    • What does heat rash look like?
    • Heat rash pictures
    • How is heat rash diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for heat rash?
    • Home remedies for heat rash
    • Medical treatment for heat rash
    • How can heat rash be prevented?
    • How effective are electric fans in preventing heat rash?
    • How can people protect their health when temperatures are extremely high?
    • How much water should I drink in hot weather?
    • Should I take salt tablets during hot weather?
    • What is the best clothing for hot weather or a heat wave?
    • What is the prognosis for heat rash?
  • Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by physical symptoms. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anxiety Article
    • Generalized anxiety disorder facts
    • What is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)?
    • What are the different types of anxiety?
    • How common is generalized anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for anxiety?
    • What are anxiety symptoms and signs?
    • How is generalized anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for anxiety?
    • What are the side effects of anxiety medications?
    • What are complications of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent anxiety?
    • What is the prognosis of generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Are there support groups for those with generalized anxiety disorder?
    • Where can people find additional information on generalized anxiety disorder?
  • Panic Attacks Panic attacks are sudden feelings of terror that strike without warning. These episodes can occur at any time, even during sleep....learn more »
    In This Article
    Panic Attacks Article
    • Panic attack facts
    • What are panic attacks?
    • What are panic attack symptoms and signs in adults, teenagers, and children?
    • Are panic attacks serious?
    • What are causes and risk factors for panic attacks?
    • How is panic disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for panic attacks? What medications treat panic attacks?
    • What are complications of untreated panic attacks?
    • What is the prognosis for panic disorder?
    • How are panic attacks prevented?
  • Dementia Dementia is a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with social or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dementia Article
    • Dementia facts*
    • Introduction to dementia
    • What is dementia?
    • What are the different kinds of dementia?
    • Alzheimer's disease
    • Vascular dementia
    • Lewy body dementia
    • Frontotemporal dementia
    • HIV-associated dementia
    • Huntington's disease
    • Dementia pugilistica
    • Corticobasal degeneration
    • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
    • Other rare hereditary dementias
    • Secondary dementias
    • Dementias in children
    • What other conditions can cause dementia?
    • What conditions are not dementia?
    • What causes dementia?
    • What are the risk factors for dementia?
    • How is dementia diagnosed?
    • Is there any treatment for dementia?
    • Can dementia be prevented?
    • What kind of care does a person with dementia need?
    • What research is being done?
    • How can I help research?
    • Where can I get more information?
  • Fatigue Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fatigue Article
    • Fatigue Facts
    • Fatigue introduction
    • What causes fatigue?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of fatigue?
    • How is the cause of fatigue diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for fatigue?
    • Can fatigue be prevented?
  • Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alcoholism Article
    • Alcohol use disorder facts
    • What is alcohol abuse?
    • What is alcoholism?
    • What differentiates alcohol abuse from alcoholism?
    • What are risk factors for alcoholism?
    • What causes alcoholism? Is alcoholism hereditary?
    • What are alcohol use disorder symptoms and signs in teenagers, women, men, and the elderly?
    • How do physicians diagnose alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the stages of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the treatment for alcohol use disorder?
    • What medications treat alcohol use disorder?
    • How can you tell if someone has a drinking problem?
    • Can an alcoholic just cut back or stop drinking?
    • Is there a safe level of drinking?
    • Is it safe to drink alcohol while pregnant?
    • How can someone find more information or get help or support to treat alcohol use disorder?
    • What are the long-term physical and psychological effects of alcohol use disorder?
    • What is codependency, and what is the treatment for codependency?
    • Is it possible to prevent alcohol use disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of alcohol use disorder?
  • Depression Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Depression facts
    • What is a depressive disorder?
    • What are myths about depression?
    • What are the types of depression, and what are depression symptoms and signs?
    • Depression symptoms and signs in men
    • Depression symptoms and signs in women
    • Depression symptoms and signs in teenagers
    • Depression symptoms and signs in children
    • What are the causes and risk factors of depression?
    • Postpartum depression
    • How is depression diagnosed?
    • What treatments are available for depression?
    • What is the general approach to treating depression?
    • What about sexual dysfunction related to antidepressants?
    • What about discontinuing antidepressants?
    • What are complications of depression?
    • What is the prognosis for depression?
    • How can depression be prevented?
    • What about self-help and home remedies?
    • How can someone help a person who is depressed?
    • Where can one seek help for depression?
    • What is in the future for depression?
    • Where can people find more information about depression?
  • Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fibromyalgia Article
    • Fibromyalgia facts
    • What is fibromyalgia?
    • What causes fibromyalgia?
    • Is fibromyalgia hereditary?
    • What are risk factors for fibromyalgia?
    • What are fibromyalgia symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose fibromyalgia?
    • What is the treatment for fibromyalgia?
    • Are there any home remedies for fibromyalgia?
    • Does diet or exercise affect fibromyalgia?
    • What is the prognosis of fibromyalgia?
    • Is it possible to prevent fibromyalgia?
    • Are there support groups for fibromyalgia?
    • What is the latest research on fibromyalgia?
  • Stress Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Article
    • Stress facts
    • What is stress?
    • A brief history of stress
    • What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
    • Who is most vulnerable to stress?
    • Teen stress
    • What is the healthy response to stress?
    • How does the response to stress work?
    • What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
    • What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
    • How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
    • What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
    • What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
    • Conclusions about the effects of stress
    • What can people do for stress management?
    • What's in the future for stress?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Psychotic Disorders Psychotic disorders are a group of serious illnesses that affect the mind. Different types of psychotic disorders include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Psychotic Disorders Article
    • Psychotic disorder facts
    • What are the different types of psychotic disorders?
    • How common are psychotic disorders?
    • What are causes and risk factors for psychotic disorders in children, teenagers, and adults?
    • What are psychotic disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How are psychotic disorders diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for psychotic disorders?
    • What are potential complications of medications used to treat psychotic disorders?
    • Is it possible to treat psychotic disorders without medication?
    • What are complications of psychotic disorders?
    • What is the prognosis for people with a psychotic disorder?
    • Can psychotic disorders be prevented?
    • Where can people find additional information about psychotic disorders?
  • Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder (or manic depression) is a mental illness characterized by depression, mania, and severe mood swings. Treatment...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bipolar Disorder Article
    • Bipolar disorder facts
    • What is bipolar disorder?
    • What is the history of bipolar disorder?
    • What are the types of bipolar disorder?
    • What are bipolar disorder causes and risk factors?
    • What are bipolar disorder symptoms and signs in adults, teenagers, and children?
    • How is bipolar disorder diagnosed?
    • What illnesses often coexist with bipolar disorder?
    • What are bipolar disorder medications and other treatments? Are there any home remedies or alternative treatments for bipolar disorder?
    • How is bipolar disorder treated during pregnancy and the postpartum period?
    • What are complications and prognosis/effects over time of bipolar disorder?
    • Can bipolar disorder be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about bipolar disorder?
    • Where can people find support to help them cope with bipolar disorder?
  • Head and Neck Cancer Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...learn more »
    In This Article
    Head and Neck Cancer Article
    • Head and neck cancer facts*
    • What is cancer?
    • What kinds of cancers are considered cancers of the head and neck?
    • How common are head and neck cancers?
    • What causes head and neck cancers?
    • What are common symptoms of head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers diagnosed?
    • What health professionals treat patients with head and neck cancers?
    • How are head and neck cancers treated?
    • Are clinical trials (research studies) available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • What rehabilitation or support options are available for patients with head and neck cancers?
    • Is follow-up treatment necessary? What does it involve?
    • What can people who have had head and neck cancer do to reduce the risk of developing a second primary (new) cancer?
  • Drug Abuse Drug addiction is a chronic disease that causes drug-seeking behavior and drug use despite negative consequences to the user and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Drug Abuse Article
    • Drug abuse and addiction facts
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What is drug addiction?
    • What types of drugs are commonly abused?
    • What are the physical and psychological effects of drug abuse and addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for drug abuse and addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of drug abuse and addiction?
    • What happens to your brain when you take drugs?
    • How is drug addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for drug addiction?
    • What are complications of drug addiction?
    • What is the prognosis of drug addiction?
    • Can drug abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • Where can people get help for drug abuse or addiction?
  • Sleep Paralysis Sleep paralysis is a condition that causes a person to feel as if he or she is awake but is unable to move. Lack of sleep, sleep...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sleep Paralysis Article
    • Sleep paralysis introduction
    • Is sleep paralysis a symptom of a serious problem?
    • What is sleep paralysis?
    • When does sleep paralysis usually occur?
    • What happens with hypnagogic sleep paralysis?
    • What happens with hypnopompic sleep paralysis?
    • Who develops sleep paralysis?
    • How is sleep paralysis diagnosed?
    • How is sleep paralysis treated?
    • What can I do about sleep paralysis?
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a psychiatric condition, can develop after any catastrophic life event. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Article
    • PTSD facts
    • What is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?
    • What are the effects of PTSD?
    • What causes PTSD?
    • What are PTSD risk factors and protective factors?
    • What are PTSD symptoms and signs?
    • How is PTSD assessed?
    • What is the treatment for PTSD?
    • What is the prognosis for PTSD?
    • Is it possible to prevent PTSD?
    • How can people cope with PTSD?
    • Where can people get help for PTSD?
  • Anorexia Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by markedly reduced appetite or total aversion to food. Anorexia is a serious...learn more »
    In This Article
    Anorexia Article
    • Anorexia nervosa facts
    • What is anorexia nervosa?
    • Who is at risk for anorexia nervosa?
    • What causes anorexia nervosa?
    • How is anorexia nervosa diagnosed?
    • What are anorexia symptoms and signs (psychological and behavioral)?
    • What are anorexia symptoms, signs, and complications (physical)?
    • What is the treatment for anorexia nervosa?
    • What is the prognosis (outcome) of anorexia nervosa?
    • How can anorexia nervosa be prevented?
    • The future of anorexia nervosa
    • Where can a person get help for anorexia nervosa?
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder Dissociative identity disorder (formerly known as multiple personality disorder or split personality disorder) is a mental...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dissociative Identity Disorder Article
    • Dissociative identity disorder (DID) facts
    • What is dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors of dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are dissociative identity disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is dissociative identity disorder diagnosed?
    • What are the treatment methods for dissociative identity disorder?
    • What is the prognosis for dissociative identity disorder?
    • What are complications of dissociative identity disorder?
    • How can dissociative identity disorder be prevented?
  • Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's disease is a common cause of dementia. Symptoms and warning signs of Alzheimer's disease include memory loss,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Article
    • Alzheimer's disease facts
    • What is dementia?
    • What is Alzheimer's disease?
    • Who develops Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease?
    • Ten warning signs of Alzheimer's disease
    • What are the causes Alzheimer's disease?
    • What are risk factors for Alzheimer's disease?
    • How is the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease made?
    • What treatment and management options are available for Alzheimer's disease?
    • Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs)
    • Partial glutamate antagonists
    • Non-medication based treatments
    • Treatment of psychiatric symptoms
    • What is the prognosis of a person with Alzheimer's disease?
    • Caring for the caregiver and Alzheimer's disease resources
  • ICU Psychosis ICU psychosis is a disorder (also a form of delirium or acute brain failure) in which patients in an intensive care unit or a...learn more »
    In This Article
    ICU Psychosis Article
    • ICU psychosis facts
    • What is ICU psychosis?
    • What causes ICU psychosis?
    • What are the symptoms of ICU psychosis?
    • How is ICU psychosis diagnosed?
    • How is ICU psychosis treated?
    • Can ICU psychosis be prevented?
    • How long does ICU psychosis last?
    • How common is ICU psychosis?
    • What is an example of a situation of ICU psychosis?
    • Can ICU psychosis be dangerous?
  • Suicide Suicide is the process of intentionally ending one's own life. Approximately 1 million people worldwide commit suicide each year,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Suicide Article
    • Suicide facts
    • What is suicide?
    • What are the effects of suicide?
    • What are some possible causes of suicide?
    • What are the risk factors and protective factors for suicide?
    • What are the signs and symptoms for suicide?
    • How are suicidal thoughts and behaviors assessed?
    • What is the treatment for suicidal thoughts and behaviors?
    • How can people cope with suicidal thoughts?
    • How can people cope with the suicide of a loved one?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Borderline Personality Disorder Article
    • Borderline personality disorder facts
    • What is borderline personality disorder (BPD)?
    • What other disorders often occur with BPD?
    • What causes borderline personality disorder?
    • What are the risk factors for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is borderline personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for borderline personality disorder?
    • What are borderline personality disorder complications?
    • What is the prognosis of people with borderline personality disorder?
    • How can borderline personality disorder be prevented?
    • Where can I get more information on borderline personality disorder?
  • Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood behavioral problem that may persist into adulthood. About...learn more »
    In This Article
    Adult ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Article
    • Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) facts
    • What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
    • What are causes and risk factors for adult ADHD?
    • How prevalent is adult ADHD?
    • What are symptoms and signs of adult ADHD?
    • How is ADHD in adults diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for adult ADHD?
    • Are there any home remedies for adult ADHD?
    • What are complications of adult ADHD?
    • What is the prognosis of adult ADHD?
    • Is it possible to prevent adult ADHD?
    • Are support groups available for those with adult ADHD?
    • Where can people find additional information on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
  • Schizoaffective Disorder Schizoaffective disorder is a mental illness that features schizophrenia and a mood disorder, either major depression or bipolar...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schizoaffective Disorder Article
    • Schizoaffective disorder facts
    • What is schizoaffective disorder?
    • What are the different types of schizoaffective disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for schizoaffective disorder?
    • What are schizoaffective disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How can schizoaffective disorder be diagnosed?
    • What are criteria for diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder?
    • What is the treatment for schizoaffective disorder?
    • What are complications of schizoaffective disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of schizoaffective disorder?
    • Can schizoaffective disorder be prevented?
    • Are there support groups for schizoaffective disorder?
    • Where can people find more information on schizoaffective disorder?
  • Grief: Loss of a Loved One Grief is the feeling one experiences after a loss (of a friendship, death of loved one, job). Complicated grief refers to grief...learn more »
    In This Article
    Grief: Loss of a Loved One Article
    • Grief: Loss of a loved one facts
    • What is grief?
    • What is mourning?
    • What are the effects of losing a loved one?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of prolonged grief?
    • What are the signs, symptoms, and stages of grief?
    • How is grief assessed?
    • How can people cope with grief?
    • What are the legal issues associated with dying and death?
    • Where can people get help?
  • Stress Management Techniques Stress may be considered as any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest and that may be a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Management Techniques Article
    • Stress-management facts
    • What is stress?
    • Who is most susceptible to stress?
    • What are the symptoms and effects of excess stress or "out-of-control" stress?
    • What can I do to better manage stress?
    • What are some effective stress-management strategies?
    • Exercise
    • Relaxation techniques/meditation
    • Other stress management strategies; time management
    • Organization skills
    • Support systems
    • How can I get help with stress management?
  • Asperger's Syndrome (Asperger Syndrome, Asperger Disorder) Asperger's syndrome (AS, Asperger syndrome, Asperger disorder) is an autism spectrum disorder. Asperger's syndrome is...learn more »
    In This Article
    Asperger's Syndrome (Asperger Syndrome, Asperger Disorder) Article
    • Asperger's syndrome facts
    • What is Asperger's syndrome?
    • What causes Asperger's syndrome?
    • How common is Asperger's syndrome?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Asperger's syndrome?
    • How is Asperger's syndrome diagnosed?
    • What are the risks or complications of Asperger's syndrome?
    • What are the treatments for Asperger's syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Asperger's syndrome?
  • Fragile X Syndrome Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited form of mental retardation. It's caused by a mutation on the X chromosome. People...learn more »
    In This Article
    Fragile X Syndrome Article
    • Fragile X syndrome facts*
    • What is Fragile X syndrome?
    • What causes Fragile X syndrome?
    • What keeps the FMR1 gene from producing FMRP in Fragile X syndrome?
    • Human cells 101
    • How many people are affected by Fragile X syndrome?
    • How is Fragile X syndrome inherited?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Fragile X syndrome?
    • Intelligence and learning
    • Physical
    • Social and emotional
    • Speech and language
    • Sensory
    • Is there a cure for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Are there treatments for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Educational options
    • Therapeutic options
    • Medication options
    • What are the options for adults who have Fragile X syndrome?
    • What should I do if I find out someone in my family has Fragile X syndrome?
    • What is being done to develop treatments or a cure for Fragile X syndrome?
    • Where can I go for more information about Fragile X syndrome?
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder that causes a person to suffer repeated obsessions and compulsions....learn more »
    In This Article
    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Article
    • Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) facts
    • What is obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and what are OCD symptoms?
    • What causes OCD?
    • How is OCD diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for OCD?
    • What happens if OCD is not treated? What are complications of obsessive compulsive disorder?
    • What is the prognosis for OCD?
    • How is OCD prevented?
    • Where can I get more information about obsessive compulsive disorder?
  • Dysthymia Dysthymia is a less severe form of chronic depression. Symptoms and signs include insomnia, suicidal thoughts, guilt, empty...learn more »
    In This Article
    Dysthymia Article
    • Dysthymia facts
    • What is dysthymia?
    • What are causes and risk factors for dysthymia?
    • What are symptoms and signs of dysthymia?
    • How do health-care professionals diagnose dysthymia?
    • What is the treatment for dysthymia?
    • What is the prognosis of dysthymia?
    • Is it possible to prevent dysthymia?
    • Are there support groups for people with dysthymia?
  • Mental Illness in Children About 5 million children and adolescents in the U.S. suffer from a serious mental illness such as eating disorders, anxiety...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mental Illness in Children Article
    • Mental illness in children facts
    • What are the most common mental illnesses in children?
    • What are causes and risk factors for mental illness in children?
    • What are symptoms and signs of mental illness in children?
    • How is mental illness in children diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for mental illness in children?
    • What is the prognosis of mental illness in children?
    • Can mental illness in children be prevented?
    • What research is being done on mental illness in children?
    • Where can parents find information or support groups for mental illness in children?
  • Healthy Living and Disease Prevention The importance of a healthy lifestyle in disease prevention is widely understood and most people know that lifestyle changes and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Healthy Living and Disease Prevention Article
    • Healthy living facts
    • Eating (diet)
    • Physical activity and exercise
    • Avoid tobacco use
    • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
    • Avoid high-risk sexual behaviors
    • Avoid other high-risk behaviors
    • Additional tips for healthy living
  • Agoraphobia Agoraphobia is a fear of being outside or of being in a situation from which escape would be impossible. Symptoms include...learn more »
    In This Article
    Agoraphobia Article
    • Agoraphobia facts
    • What is agoraphobia?
    • What causes agoraphobia?
    • What are the symptoms of agoraphobia?
    • What are the risk factors for agoraphobia?
    • When should one seek medical care for agoraphobia?
    • How do physicians diagnose agoraphobia?
    • What is the treatment for agoraphobia?
    • What are the complications of agoraphobia?
    • What is the prognosis for agoraphobia?
    • Is it possible to prevent agoraphobia?
    • Is there coping and support information for both agoraphobia patients and their family members and loved ones?
  • Teen Drug Abuse Drugs commonly abused by teens include tobacco products, marijuana, cold medications, inhalants, depressants, stimulants,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teen Drug Abuse Article
    • Teen drug abuse facts
    • What drugs are abused by teenagers?
    • What are some adolescent drug use statistics?
    • What are the dangerous effects of drug use in teens?
    • How can parents prevent drug use?
    • What are the symptoms and warning signs of drug abuse?
    • What is drug abuse?
    • What are the causes and risk factors of teen drug use?
    • What are the symptoms of drug abuse in teens?
    • What is the treatment of drug intoxication?
    • What are treatments for drug addiction?
    • Where can a person get help for teen drug abuse?
  • Marijuana Get the latest marijuana statistics and information. Learn its negative effects and how this illegal drug, also known as pot,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Marijuana Article
    • Marijuana facts
    • What is marijuana, and how is it abused?
    • What is medical marijuana? How is medical marijuana prescribed?
    • What are other names for marijuana?
    • What is the history and different types of marijuana?
    • Is marijuana addictive?
    • What are the psychological and social effects of abusing marijuana?
    • What are the physical effects of abusing marijuana?
    • What are the treatments for marijuana abuse and addiction?
    • Can marijuana abuse and addiction be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis of marijuana abuse and addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about marijuana abuse and addiction?
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a dramatic personality disorder that is characterized by a distorted self-image,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Narcissistic Personality Disorder Article
    • Narcissistic personality disorder facts
    • What is narcissistic personality disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for narcissistic personality disorder?
    • What are narcissistic personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How is narcissistic personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for narcissistic personality disorder?
    • What is the prognosis of narcissistic personality disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent narcissistic personality disorder?
    • Are there support groups for people with narcissistic personality disorder?
  • Mental Illness Mental illness is any disease or condition affecting the brain that influence the way a person thinks, feels, behaves, and/or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Mental Illness Article
    • What causes mental illness?
    • Can mental illness be prevented?
    • How common is mental illness?
    • How is mental illness treated?
    • What is the prognosis for people with mental illness?
  • Separation Anxiety Separation anxiety disorder is a common childhood anxiety disorder that has many causes. Infants, children, older kids and adults...learn more »
    In This Article
    Separation Anxiety Article
    • Separation anxiety disorder facts
    • What is separation anxiety disorder?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of separation anxiety disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for separation anxiety disorder?
    • How is separation anxiety disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for separation anxiety disorder?
    • What happens if separation anxiety disorder is left untreated?
    • Where can I find more information on separation anxiety disorder?
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) has many symptoms, signs, and causes. Therapy is one treatment option for antisocial...learn more »
    In This Article
    Antisocial Personality Disorder Article
    • Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) facts
    • What are antisocial personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • What is the difference between antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy?
    • What are causes and risk factors of antisocial personality disorder?
    • How is antisocial personality disorder diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for antisocial personality disorder?
    • What happens if antisocial personality disorder is not treated? What is the prognosis of antisocial personality disorder?
  • Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens Bipolar disorder, or manic-depressive illness, is a disorder that causes unusual and extreme mood changes. Symptoms of bipolar...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bipolar Disorder in Children and Teens Article
    • Introduction
    • What is bipolar disorder?
    • What are common symptoms of bipolar disorder in children and teens?
    • What affects a child's risk of getting bipolar disorder?
    • How does bipolar disorder affect children and teens differently than adults?
    • How is bipolar disorder detected in children and teens?
    • What illnesses often co-exist with bipolar disorder in children and teens?
    • What treatments are available for children and teens with bipolar disorder?
    • What can children and teens with bipolar disorder expect from treatment?
    • Where can families of children with bipolar disorder get help?
    • Where can I go for help?
    • What if my child is in crisis?
    • For more information on bipolar disorder
  • Munchausen Syndrome Munchausen syndrome is a factitious disorder and attention-seeking syndrome in which an individual pretends to have physical or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Munchausen Syndrome Article
    • Munchausen syndrome facts
    • What is Munchausen syndrome?
    • What causes Munchausen syndrome?
    • What are Munchausen syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How is Munchausen syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Munchausen syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis for Munchausen syndrome?
    • Can Munchausen syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about Munchausen syndrome?
  • Gambling Addiction Compulsive gambling is a disorder that affects millions in the U.S. Symptoms and signs include a preoccupation with gambling,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gambling Addiction Article
    • Gambling addiction facts
    • What is a gambling addiction?
    • What are causes and risk factors for gambling addiction?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a gambling addiction?
    • How is a gambling addiction diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for gambling addiction?
    • What is the prognosis for gambling addiction?
    • What are complications and negative effects of gambling addiction?
    • Is it possible to prevent gambling addiction?
    • Where can people get support for gambling addiction?
    • Where can people find more information about gambling addiction?
  • ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental-health condition that causes the following symptoms in children:...learn more »
    In This Article
    ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children) Article
    • ADHD in children facts
    • What is ADHD?
    • What are risk factors and causes of ADHD in children?
    • What are signs and symptoms of ADHD in children?
    • Are there ADHD tests? How do physicians diagnose ADHD in children?
    • What are the treatments for ADHD in children? What are possible side effects of ADHD medications?
    • What are complications and the prognosis of ADHD in children?
    • Is it possible to prevent ADHD in children?
    • What is the latest research on ADHD in children?
    • Are there support groups for children with ADHD?
    • Where can people find more information on ADHD in children?
  • Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide Caring for a loved one or patient with Alzheimer's can become a difficult and overwhelming task at times. This guide helps...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alzheimer's Disease Patient Caregiver Guide Article
    • Tips for caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease
    • Dealing with the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease
    • Communicating with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Bathing a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Dressing a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Eating: getting a person with Alzheimer's disease to eat
    • Activities for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Exercise for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Incontinence in a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Sleep problems for caregivers and a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Hallucinations and delusions in a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Wandering: a problem for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Home safety for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Driving: decisions for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Visiting the doctor with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Coping with holidays with a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Visiting a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • Choosing a nursing home for a person with Alzheimer's disease
    • For more information about Alzheimer's disease
  • Brief Psychotic Disorder Brief psychotic disorder is a short-term mental illness that features psychotic symptoms. There are three forms of brief...learn more »
    In This Article
    Brief Psychotic Disorder Article
    • What are the symptoms of brief psychotic disorder?
    • What causes brief psychotic disorder?
    • How common is brief psychotic disorder?
    • How is brief psychotic disorder diagnosed?
    • How is brief psychotic disorder treated?
    • What is the prognosis for people with brief psychotic disorder?
    • Can brief psychotic disorder be prevented?
  • Postpartum Depression Postpartum depression is a form of depression that occurs within a year after delivery. It is thought that rapid hormone changes...learn more »
    In This Article
    Postpartum Depression Article
    • Postpartum depression facts
    • What is postpartum depression? Are there different types of postpartum depression?
    • What are causes and risk factors for postpartum depression?
    • What are postpartum depression symptoms and signs?
    • How is postpartum depression diagnosed?
    • What are the treatments for postpartum depression?
    • What is the prognosis of postpartum depression?
    • Can postpartum depression be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information about postpartum depression?
    • Where can people get support for postpartum depression?
    • What research is being done on postpartum depression?
  • Bulimia People with bulimia nervosa, an eating disorder that involves episodes of bingeing and purging, experience symptoms and signs...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bulimia Article
    • Bulimia nervosa facts
    • What is bulimia?
    • What are causes and risk factors for bulimia?
    • What are the symptoms and signs of bulimia?
    • How do physicians diagnose bulimia?
    • What is the treatment for bulimia?
    • What are complications of bulimia?
    • What is the prognosis for bulimia?
    • Is it possible to prevent bulimia?
    • Where can one find more information about bulimia?
    • Are there support groups for people with bulimia?
  • Domestic Violence Domestic violence, or intimate partner abuse, is when one person in an intimate relationship uses any means to control the other...learn more »
    In This Article
    Domestic Violence Article
    • Domestic violence facts
    • What is domestic violence?
    • What is the history of domestic violence?
    • What are the effects of domestic abuse?
    • What are the causes or risk factors for intimate partner violence?
    • What are the warning signs and symptoms of intimate partner abuse?
    • How is domestic violence assessed?
    • How is intimate partner violence treated?
    • How is intimate partner abuse legally addressed?
    • What is the prognosis for domestic violence?
    • How can intimate partner abuse be prevented and stopped?
    • Where can people get help for domestic violence?
  • Binge Eating Disorder Characteristics of binge eating disorder include eating more quickly than usual, eating until uncomfortably full, eating a lot of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Binge Eating Disorder Article
    • Binge eating disorder facts
    • What is binge eating disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for binge eating disorder?
    • What are symptoms and signs of binge eating disorder?
    • How is binge eating disorder diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for binge eating disorder?
    • What are complications and prognosis of binge eating disorder?
    • Can binge eating disorder be prevented?
    • Where can people get more information on binge eating disorder?
  • Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) is a mental illness (factitious disorder) in which a caregiver secretly abuses a child by...learn more »
    In This Article
    Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy Article
    • Munchausen syndrome by proxy facts
    • What is Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • What are causes/risk factors for Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • How is Munchausen syndrome by proxy diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • What are the complications of Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
    • Where can one get more information on Munchausen syndrome by proxy?
  • Nightmares Nightmares are dreams that cause high anxiety or terror. Nightmares may be a part of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Nightmares Article
    • Nightmares and PTSD
    • How common are nightmares after trauma?
    • What do nightmares that follow trauma look like?
    • Nightmares and cultural differences
    • Are there any effective treatments for posttraumatic nightmares?
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder Seasonal affective disorder is a type of depression that tends to occur as the days grow shorter in the fall and winter. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Seasonal Affective Disorder Article
    • What is seasonal affective disorder?
    • What are the symptoms of seasonal affective disorder?
    • What causes seasonal affective disorder?
    • What is the treatment for seasonal affective disorder?
  • Phobias Phobias are unrelenting fears of activities (social phobias), situations (agoraphobia), and specific items (arachnophobia). There...learn more »
    In This Article
    Phobias Article
    • Phobia facts
    • What is a phobia? What are the different kinds of phobias?
    • What are the complications of phobias?
    • What are the causes and risk factors for phobias?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of phobias?
    • How are phobias assessed?
    • How are phobias treated?
    • What is the prognosis for phobias?
    • How are phobias prevented?
    • How can people cope with phobias?
    • Where can people get information and help for phobias?
  • Child Abuse Approximately 40 million children suffer abuse every year around the world, and more than 1,500 children die of abuse in the U.S....learn more »
    In This Article
    Child Abuse Article
    • Child abuse facts
    • What is child abuse?
    • What are the different types of child abuse?
    • What are risk factors for child abuse?
    • What are symptoms and signs of child abuse?
    • How do physicians diagnose child abuse?
    • What is the treatment for child abuse?
    • What are the complications and prognosis of child abuse?
    • Is it possible to prevent child abuse?
    • What should people do if they suspect that a child is being abused?
    • Where can people find more information about child abuse?
  • Depression Depression is a mental illness that affects 19 million Americans annually. Causes are genetic, environmental, and biological....learn more »
    In This Article
    Depression Article
    • Types of Depression
    • Depression Facts/Statistics
    • Causes of Depression
    • Symptoms and Signs of Depression
    • When to Seek Medical Care
    • Depression Diagnosis
    • Depression Treatment
    • Self-Care at Home
    • Medical Treatment
    • Depression Medications
    • Other Therapy for Depression
    • Alternative Treatments, Complementary Therapies, and Electroconvulsive Therapy
    • Follow-up
    • Depression Prevention
    • Depression Prognosis
    • Getting Help: Support Groups and Counseling
    • For More Information
  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder Schizotypal personality disorder is characterized by odd behaviors, feelings, perceptions, and ways of relating to others that...learn more »
    In This Article
    Schizotypal Personality Disorder Article
    • Schizotypal personality disorder facts
    • What is schizotypal personality disorder?
    • What are causes and risk factors for schizotypal personality disorder?
    • What are schizotypal personality disorder symptoms and signs?
    • How do health professionals diagnose schizotypal personality disorder?
    • What is the treatment for schizotypal personality disorder?
    • What are complications of schizotypal personality disorder? What is the prognosis of schizotypal personality disorder?
    • Is it possible to prevent schizotypal personality disorder?
    • Where can people get more information on schizotypal personality disorder?
  • Factitious Disorders Factitious disorders are conditions in which people pretend to have physical or mental illnesses when they aren't sick. These...learn more »
    In This Article
    Factitious Disorders Article
    • Types of factitious disorders
    • What are the symptoms of factitious disorders?
    • What causes factitious disorders?
    • How common are factitious disorders?
    • How are factitious disorders diagnosed?
    • How are factitious disorders treated?
    • What is the prognosis for people with factitious disorders?
    • Can factitious disorders be prevented?
  • Parenting a Child With ADHD ADHD is a behavioral condition with characteristics that include hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. Parenting a child...learn more »
    In This Article
    Parenting a Child With ADHD Article
    • Childhood ADHD facts
    • What are the signs and symptoms of childhood ADHD?
    • What should parents do if they suspect their child has ADHD?
    • What are the causes of childhood ADHD?
    • What should parents of children with ADHD expect from their child?
    • What treatment options exist for a child with ADHD?
    • What are the risks of the use of stimulant medication and other treatments?
    • What are other therapeutic approaches for children with ADHD?
    • Is childhood ADHD on the rise?
    • What is the outlook for a child with ADHD?
    • What can parents of children with ADHD do to help themselves?
  • Holiday Depression and Stress Though the holidays are a fun time for most, for others, they're a sad, lonely and anxiety-filled time. Get tips on how to avoid...learn more »
    In This Article
    Holiday Depression and Stress Article
    • Holiday depression and stress facts
    • What causes the holiday blues?
    • Is the environment and reduced daylight a factor in wintertime sadness?
    • What are symptoms and signs of holiday depression and stress?
    • How is holiday stress and depression diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for holiday depression and stress?
    • Can holiday stress and depression be prevented?
  • Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by symptoms of both mania and depression. The cause of bipolar disorder is not...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bipolar Disorder Article
    • Bipolar Disorder Overview
    • Bipolar Disorder Causes
    • Bipolar Disorder Symptoms and Signs
    • When to Seek Medical Care for Bipolar Disorder
    • Bipolar Disorder Diagnosis
    • Bipolar Disorder Treatment
    • Bipolar Disorder Medications
    • Other Therapy for Bipolar Disorder
    • Bipolar Disorder Follow-up
    • Bipolar Disorder Prevention
    • Bipolar Disorder Prognosis
    • Support Groups and Counseling
  • Caregiving Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their...learn more »
    In This Article
    Caregiving Article
    • What is a caregiver?
    • Who are our nation's caregivers?
    • What is caregiver stress?
    • How can I tell if caregiving is putting too much stress on me?
    • What can I do to prevent stress or relieve stress?
    • What is respite care?
    • What is the National Family Caregiver Support Program (NFCSP)?
    • How can I find out about caregiving resources in my community?
    • What kind of caregiver services can I find in my community?
    • What kind of home care help is available?
    • How will I pay for home health care?
    • Who is eligible for Medicare home health care services?
    • Will Medicaid help pay for home health care?
    • For more information
  • Exercise-Induced Asthma Exercise-induced asthma is asthma triggered by vigorous exercise. Symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath, chest...learn more »
    In This Article
    Exercise-Induced Asthma Article
    • What is exercise-induced asthma?
    • Why does exercise induce asthma?
    • If I have asthma, should I avoid exercise?
    • Can my exercise-induced asthma be prevented?
    • What are the best exercises for someone with asthma?
    • Are there some tips to prevent and treat exercise-induced asthma?