Menstruation Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Menstruation. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Menstruation or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) There are many symptoms involved in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy. The first early pregnancy symptom is typically...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy (Week By Week, Trimesters) Article
    • Pregnancy facts*
    • Introduction
    • What is the first trimester (week 1-week 12)?
    • What is the second trimester (week 13-week 28)?
    • What is the third trimester (week 29-week 40)?
    • How will my baby develop week by week?
    • What are the changes that happen to a woman's body during her 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy?
    • Body aches
    • Breast changes
    • Constipation
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue, sleep problems
    • Heartburn and indigestion
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Itching
    • Leg cramps
    • Morning sickness
    • Nasal problems
    • Numb or tingling hands
    • Stretch marks, skin changes
    • Swelling
    • Urinary frequency and leaking
    • Varicose veins
  • Menstrual Cramps Menstrual cramps (pain in the belly and pelvic area) are experienced by women as a result of menses. Menstrual cramps are not the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstrual Cramps Article
    • Menstrual cramps facts
    • What are menstrual cramps?
    • How common are menstrual cramps?
    • What is dysmenorrhea?
    • What causes menstrual cramps?
    • Why are some cramps so painful?
    • Can menstrual cramps be measured?
    • What other factors influence menstrual cramps?
    • What are the symptoms of menstrual cramps?
    • How are menstrual cramps diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for common menstrual cramps (primary dysmenorrhea)?
    • What if the cramps are very severe?
    • Are there surgical solutions?
    • What is the treatment of secondary dysmenorrhea?
    • What is the long-term outlook (prognosis) for menstrual cramps?
  • Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that originate in the uterus and are usually round or semi-round in shape. The most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Article
    • Uterine fibroids facts
    • What are uterine fibroids?
    • What causes uterine fibroids and how common are they?
    • What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids?
    • Do untreated uterine fibroids pose a risk?
    • What are the usual ways of diagnosing uterine fibroids?
    • What is the treatment of uterine fibroids?
    • Surgery for fibroids
    • Medical treatment for fibroids
    • What are the risks of uterine fibroids during pregnancy?
  • Endometriosis Endometriosis is the growth of cells similar to those that form the inside of the uterus, but in a location outside of the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Endometriosis Article
    • Endometriosis facts
    • What is endometriosis?
    • Who is affected by endometriosis?
    • What causes endometriosis?
    • What are endometriosis symptoms?
    • Endometriosis and cancer risk
    • How is endometriosis diagnosed?
    • How is endometriosis treated?
    • Medical treatment of endometriosis
    • Surgical treatment of endometriosis
    • Treatment of infertility associated with endometriosis
    • Related endometriosis article:
      Endometriosis - on eMedicineHealth
  • Menopause Menopause is the time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop, also called the "change of life." Menopause...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menopause Article
    • Menopause facts
    • What is menopause?
    • At what age does a woman typically reach menopause?
    • What conditions can affect the timing of menopause?
    • What are the symptoms of menopause?
    • What are the complications and effects of menopause on chronic medical conditions?
    • Are hormone levels or other blood tests helpful in detecting menopause?
    • What are the treatment options for the symptoms of menopause?
    • Hormone therapy for menopause
    • Other medical therapies for menopause
    • Alternative therapies for menopause
    • Non-hormone therapies for menopause
    • Lifestyle factors in managing menopause symptoms
  • Iron Deficiency Iron is a mineral our bodies need. Iron deficiency is a condition resulting from not enough iron in the body. It is the most...learn more »
    In This Article
    Iron Deficiency Article
    • Iron and iron deficiency facts*
    • What is iron and why do we need it?
    • What is iron deficiency and why is it a concern?
    • What causes iron deficiency?
    • Who is most at risk for iron deficiency?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of iron deficiency?
    • How is iron deficiency diagnosed?
    • How is iron deficiency treated?
    • Can iron deficiency be prevented?
    • Babies
    • Young children (aged 1-5 years)
    • Adolescent girls and women of childbearing age
    • Pregnant women
    • How much iron do I need?
    • What are dietary sources of iron?
    • Dietary sources of Vitamin C
    • Iron overload and hemochromatosis
  • Uterine Cancer Though uterine cancer's cause is unknown, there are many factors that will put a woman at risk, including: over age 50,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Cancer Article
    • Uterine cancer facts
    • What is the uterus?
    • What is uterine cancer (endometrial cancer)?
    • What causes uterine cancer? Who is at risk for uterine cancer?
    • What are uterine cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is a diagnosis of uterine cancer determined?
    • How is the stage determined for uterine cancer?
    • What are treatment options for uterine cancer?
    • What about surgery for the treatment of endometrial cancer?
    • What about radiation therapy for the treatment of uterine cancer?
    • What about chemotherapy for the treatment of endometrial cancer?
    • What about hormone therapy for the treatment of uterine cancer?
    • How does a person go about getting a second opinion after a uterine cancer diagnosis?
    • What sort of follow-up treatment is needed during and after uterine cancer treatment?
    • What support is available for patients with uterine cancer?
    • What research is being done on uterine cancer?
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), also known by the name Stein-Leventhal syndrome, is a hormonal problem that causes women to...learn more »
    In This Article
    Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Article
    • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) facts
    • What is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?
    • What are the symptoms of PCOS?
    • What causes PCOS?
    • How is PCOS diagnosed?
    • What conditions or complications can be associated with PCOS?
    • What treatments are available for PCOS?
  • Vaginal Bleeding Normal vaginal bleeding (menorrhea) occurs through the process of menstruation. Abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Bleeding Article
    • Vaginal bleeding facts
    • What is normal vaginal bleeding?
    • What is abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    • What conditions cause abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are ovulating regularly?
    • What conditions cause abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are not ovulating regularly or vaginal bleeding after menopause?
    • What causes abnormal vaginal bleeding during or after sexual intercourse?
    • What causes abnormal vaginal bleeding during pregnancy?
    • What tests are used to evaluate abnormal vaginal bleeding?
    • How is irregular or abnormal vaginal bleeding treated?
  • Stress Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Stress Article
    • Stress facts
    • What is stress?
    • A brief history of stress
    • What are the signs and symptoms of poorly managed stress?
    • Who is most vulnerable to stress?
    • Teen stress
    • What is the healthy response to stress?
    • How does the response to stress work?
    • What is the role of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis (grouping) in stress?
    • What is the role of the locus coeruleus in stress?
    • How do the connections in the brain work in stress?
    • What do we know about using (activating) and overusing our internal systems that respond to stress?
    • What are the effects of stress on medical and psychological conditions?
    • Conclusions about the effects of stress
    • What can people do for stress management?
    • What's in the future for stress?
  • Hot Flashes Hot flashes (or flushing) is the most common symptom experienced by a woman prior to and during the early stages of menopause....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hot Flashes Article
    • Hot flash facts
    • What are hot flashes?
    • What causes hot flashes?
    • What are the symptoms of hot flashes?
    • How are hot flashes diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hot flashes?
    • Hormone therapy
    • Bioidentical hormone therapy
    • Other drug treatments
    • Complementary and alternative treatments
    • Phytoestrogens
    • Black cohosh
    • Other alternative therapies
    • Can hot flashes be prevented?
  • POT Syndrome POT syndrome (POTS, postrual orthostatic tachycardia syndrome) is a nervous system disorder that causes lightheadedness and...learn more »
    In This Article
    POT Syndrome Article
    • What is postural tachycardia syndrome?
    • Is there any treatment?
    • What is the prognosis?
    • What research is being done?
  • Amenorrhea Amenorrhea is a condition in which there is an absense of menstrual periods in a woman. There are two types of amenorrhea, 1)...learn more »
    In This Article
    Amenorrhea Article
    • Amenorrhea facts
    • What is amenorrhea?
    • What causes amenorrhea?
    • What are the symptoms of amenorrhea?
    • When should I seek medical care for amenorrhea?
    • How is amenorrhea diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for amenorrhea?
    • What are the complications of amenorrhea?
    • Can amenorrhea be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for a woman suffering from amenorrhea?
  • Uterine Growths Benign uterine growths are tissue enlargements of the female womb (uterus). Three types of benign uterine growths are uterine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Growths Article
    • What are uterine growths?
    • What are uterine fibroids?
    • What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids and what do they look like?
    • How are uterine fibroids diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for uterine fibroids?
    • Surgery for uterine fibroids
    • Other medical treatment for uterine fibroids
    • What are the complications of uterine fibroids?
    • What is adenomyosis?
    • What are the symptoms of adenomyosis and what do they look like?
    • How is adenomyosis diagnosed?
    • How is adenomyosis treated?
    • What are uterine polyps?
    • What are the symptoms of uterine polyps and what do they look like?
    • How are uterine polyps diagnosed and treated?
  • Migraine Headache Migraine headaches are severe headaches that are accompanies to sensitivity to light, sounds, and smells. They are often...learn more »
    In This Article
    Migraine Headache Article
    • What is a migraine?
    • What are the risk factors for migraine?
    • What causes migraines?
    • What triggers migraines?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of migraines?
    • How are migraines diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for migraines?
    • What self-care treatment measures work for migraines?
    • How are migraines managed during pregnancy?
    • How are migraines managed in children?
    • What is the prognosis for migraines?
    • Can migraines be prevented?
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is considered to be a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMDD has also been...learn more »
    In This Article
    Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) Article
    • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) facts
    • What is premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)?
    • What causes PMDD?
    • What are the symptoms of PMDD?
    • When should I call a doctor about PMDD?
    • How is PMDD diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for PMDD?
    • What are the complications of PMDD?
    • Can PMDD be prevented?
    • What is the outlook for PMDD?
  • Insomnia Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up...learn more »
    In This Article
    Insomnia Article
    • What is insomnia?
    • What causes insomnia?
    • What are other causes of insomnia?
    • What are the risk factors for insomnia?
    • What are the symptoms of insomnia?
    • When should I call the doctor about insomnia?
    • How is insomnia diagnosed?
    • How is insomnia treated?
    • What are non-medical treatments for insomnia?
    • What is sleep hygiene?
    • How can stimulus control help with insomnia?
    • What is sleep restriction?
    • What medications are used to treat insomnia?
    • What is the outlook for insomnia?
    • Insomnia At A Glance
  • Infertility Infertility is the diminished ability to conceive a child. The primary cause of infertility in men is a sperm disorder. In women,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Infertility Article
    • Infertility facts*
    • What is infertility?
    • Is infertility a common problem?
    • Is infertility just a woman's problem?
    • What causes infertility in men?
    • What increases a man's risk of infertility?
    • What causes infertility in women?
    • What things increase a woman's risk of infertility?
    • How does age affect a woman's ability to have children?
    • How long should women try to get pregnant before calling their doctors?
    • How will doctors find out if a woman and her partner have fertility problems?
    • How do doctors treat infertility?
    • What medicines are used to treat infertility in women?
    • What is intrauterine insemination (IUI)?
    • What is assisted reproductive technology (ART)?
    • How often is assisted reproductive technology (ART) successful?
    • What are the different types of assisted reproductive technology (ART)?
    • Surrogacy
    • Gestational carrier
    • For more information
  • Women's Health Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Women's Health Article
    • Introduction to Women's Health
    • Women's General Health and Wellness
    • Female Anatomy
    • The Female Reproductive System
    • Female Hormones
    • Diseases More Common In Women
    • Cancer In Women
    • Women's Cosmetic Concerns
    • Menstruation
    • Sexuality
    • Fertility, Birth Control and Infertility
    • Pregnancy
    • Motherhood
    • Menopause
    • The Mature Woman - Post Menopause
  • Am I Pregnant? 12 Early Pregnancy Symptoms (Week by Week) Pregnancy symptoms vary from woman to woman. There are some symptoms that are more frequent in some women. These symptoms ...learn more »
    In This Article
    Am I Pregnant? 12 Early Pregnancy Symptoms (Week by Week) Article
    • Am I pregnant?
    • Pregnancy facts
    • What are the most common pregnancy symptoms?
    • Missed period
    • Breast swelling, tenderness, and pain
    • Abdominal cramps and bloating
    • Food cravings
    • Fatigue and tiredness
    • Elevated basal body temperature
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Frequent urination
    • Changes in nipple color
    • Melasma (darkening of the skin)
    • Mood swings and stress
    • Headaches
  • Down Syndrome Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that results in the presence of an additional third chromosome 21, also referred to as...learn more »
    In This Article
    Down Syndrome Article
    • Down syndrome facts
    • What is Down syndrome?
    • What are the chromosome basics of Down syndrome?
    • How do the extra genes lead to Down syndrome?
    • What are the risk factors for conceiving a child with Down syndrome?
    • What are the characteristic features and symptoms of Down syndrome?
    • What type of prenatal screening is available for Down syndrome?
    • How is the diagnosis of Down syndrome made?
    • What about cognitive impairment in Down syndrome?
    • What other conditions are associated with Down syndrome?
    • How is Down syndrome managed?
    • What about early intervention and education for Down syndrome?
    • What are the needs of infants and preschool children with Down syndrome?
    • How do adolescents with Down syndrome develop?
    • What should one expect for adults with Down syndrome?
    • Do individuals with Down syndrome work?
    • Where can I find clinical trials for Down syndrome?
    • Where can I find more information about Down syndrome?
  • Breastfeeding and Formula Feeding It's important to know whether you will breastfeed or bottle-feed your baby prior to delivery, as the breasts' ability to produce...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breastfeeding and Formula Feeding Article
    • Breastfeeding facts
    • When should we decide about breastfeeding?
    • Why is the choice so important?
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of breastfeeding?
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of formula feeding?
    • Can we use both forms of feedings for our baby?
    • Is there any special preparation required for breastfeeding?
    • When can breastfeeding begin?
    • What is the proper technique for breastfeeding?
    • When should breast pumps be used?
    • Should certain foods be avoided while breastfeeding?
    • How can one manage minor discomforts related to breastfeeding?
    • Clogged milk ducts
    • Sore nipples
    • When should one seek medical care for problems with breastfeeding?
    • Can supplements or medications increase a low milk supply?
    • Is it possible to breastfeed while pregnant?
    • Is smoking harmful when breastfeeding?
    • Do breast implants, surgeries, or reductions affect breastfeeding?
    • How should one wean a baby from breastfeeding?
  • Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition in which affected individuals have severe nausea and vomiting that come in cycles....learn more »
    In This Article
    Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) Article
    • Cyclic vomiting syndrome facts*
    • What is cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the symptoms of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What triggers cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the four phases of cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How is cyclic vomiting syndrome diagnosed?
    • How is cyclic vomiting syndrome treated?
    • What are the complications if cyclic vomiting syndrome is not treated?
    • What is the relationship between cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraines?
    • What other features and conditions accompany cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How common is cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What are the genetic changes related to cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • How do people inherit cyclic vomiting syndrome?
    • What other names do people use for cyclic vomiting syndrome?
  • Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POF, Premature Ovarian Failure, POI) Primary ovarian iInsufficiency (POF, Premature Ovarian Failure, POI) is the cessation of normal functioning of the ovaries in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POF, Premature Ovarian Failure, POI) Article
    • What is primary ovarian insufficiency (POI)?
    • What are the symptoms of primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • How many women are affected by or at risk for primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • What causes primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • How is primary ovarian insufficiency diagnosed?
    • Are there associated disorders or conditions associated with primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • What are the treatments for primary ovarian insufficiency?
    • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
    • Calcium and vitamin D supplements
    • Regular physical activity and healthy body weight
    • Treatments for associated conditions
    • Emotional support
    • POI in teens
  • Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide Menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms include abdominal cramping, bloating, a feeling of fullness, abdominal...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide Article
    • Menstrual cramps and PMS medication facts
    • What are menstrual cramps?
    • What is the treatment for common menstrual cramps (primary dysmenorrhea)?
    • What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?
    • What treatments are available for PMS?
    • What medications are used to treat PMS?
    • What are some guidelines for the safe use of OTC products for menstrual cramps and PMS?
  • Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Toxic shock syndrome is an infection that causes symptoms such as low blood pressure, fever, and a rash with peeling skin....learn more »
    In This Article
    Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Article
    • Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) facts
    • What is toxic shock syndrome?
    • What causes toxic shock syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for toxic shock syndrome?
    • What are toxic shock syndrome symptoms and signs?
    • How do physicians diagnose toxic shock syndrome?
    • What is the treatment for toxic shock syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of toxic shock syndrome?
    • Is it possible to prevent toxic shock syndrome?
  • Pregnancy Planning Pregnancy planning is important to help prevent exposure of the mother and fetus to potentially harmful medications and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Pregnancy Planning Article
    • Pregnancy Planning Facts
    • What is pregnancy planning and why is it important?
    • What are pregnancy symptoms?
    • What is a pregnancy calculator and calendar?
    • Who effective are home pregnancy tests?
    • How can diet and nutrition affect early pregnancy?
    • How does alcohol affect pregnancy?
    • How do high blood pressure and diabetes affect pregnancy?
    • What are examples of commonly-used medications that are dangerous in pregnancy?
    • How do kidney and heart disease affect pregnancy?
    • What infections affect pregnancy?
    • What inherited (genetic) diseases can play a role in pregnancy planning?
    • Is it safe to exercise during pregnancy?
    • Can I travel by air during pregnancy?
    • Can I have intercourse during pregnancy?
    • How soon after stopping birth control can I become pregnant?
    • How do we maximize our chances of becoming pregnant?
    • Can I do something to help my chances of conceiving a boy or a girl?
  • Teens Teenagers recognize that they are developmentally between child and adult. Teen health prevention includes maintaining a healthy...learn more »
    In This Article
    Teens Article
    • What's involved with teen disease prevention?
    • What can teens expect during health checkups?
    • What immunizations do teenagers need?
  • Reproductive Health Reproductive health encompasses the beginning of menstruation for women, choosing the right birth control method for you and your...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reproductive Health Article
    • Menstruation and menopause
    • Pregnancy and preconception care
    • Fertility/Infertility
    • Contraception
    • Sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS/HIV

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