Menopause Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Menopause. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Menopause or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that originate in the uterus and are usually round or semi-round in shape. The most common...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Fibroids (Benign Tumors of the Uterus) Article
    • Uterine fibroids facts
    • What are uterine fibroids?
    • What causes uterine fibroids and how common are they?
    • What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids?
    • Do untreated uterine fibroids pose a risk?
    • What are the usual ways of diagnosing uterine fibroids?
    • What is the treatment of uterine fibroids?
    • Surgery for fibroids
    • Medical treatment for fibroids
    • What are the risks of uterine fibroids during pregnancy?
  • Night Sweats Night sweats are severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. In order to distinguish night sweats...learn more »
    In This Article
    Night Sweats Article
    • Introduction to night sweats
    • What are the causes of night sweats in women, men, and children?
    • What are the symptoms of night sweats?
    • Menopause
    • Idiopathic hyperhidrosis
    • Infections
    • Cancer
    • Medications
    • Hypoglycemia
    • Hormone disorders
    • Neurologic conditions
    • Night sweats treatment
  • Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bladder Infection (Cystitis) Article
    • What is a bladder infection?
    • What causes bladder infections?
    • What are some risk factors for bladder infection?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in women?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in men?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of a bladder infection in children?
    • How is a bladder infection diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a bladder infection?
    • Are home remedies effective for a bladder infection?
    • How is a bladder infection during pregnancy treated?
    • What are potential complications of a bladder infection?
    • Can bladder infections be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for a bladder infection?
  • Uterine Cancer Though uterine cancer's cause is unknown, there are many factors that will put a woman at risk, including: over age 50,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Uterine Cancer Article
    • Uterine cancer facts
    • What is the uterus?
    • What is uterine cancer (endometrial cancer)?
    • What causes uterine cancer? Who is at risk for uterine cancer?
    • What are uterine cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is a diagnosis of uterine cancer determined?
    • How is the stage determined for uterine cancer?
    • What are treatment options for uterine cancer?
    • What about surgery for the treatment of endometrial cancer?
    • What about radiation therapy for the treatment of uterine cancer?
    • What about chemotherapy for the treatment of endometrial cancer?
    • What about hormone therapy for the treatment of uterine cancer?
    • How does a person go about getting a second opinion after a uterine cancer diagnosis?
    • What sort of follow-up treatment is needed during and after uterine cancer treatment?
    • What support is available for patients with uterine cancer?
    • What research is being done on uterine cancer?
  • Gout (Gouty Arthritis) Buildup of uric acid crystals in a joint causes gouty arthritis. Symptoms and signs include joint pain, swelling, heat, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Gout (Gouty Arthritis) Article
    • Gout facts
    • What is gout?
    • What causes gout?
    • What are risk factors for gout?
    • What are symptoms and signs of gout?
    • How is gout diagnosed?
    • When should gout be treated?
    • What is the treatment for gout?
    • Do gout medications have any side effects?
    • What foods should people with gout avoid?
    • What complications are associated with gout?
    • What is the prognosis of gout?
    • Is it possible to prevent gout?
    • What research is being done on gout?
  • Hair Loss There are many causes of scalp hair loss. This featured article covers the common ones such as patchy hair loss (alopecia areata,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hair Loss Article
    • Hair loss facts
    • What are causes of hair loss?
    • How do physicians classify hair loss?
    • What is alopecia areata?
    • What is traction alopecia?
    • What is trichotillomania?
    • What is tinea capitis?
    • What is generalized (diffuse) hair loss?
    • What is telogen effluvium?
    • What is androgenetic alopecia ("male-pattern baldness," "female-pattern baldness")?
    • What treatment is there for hair loss in men?
    • What other options do people have for hair loss?
    • Is hair loss in women different than men?
    • What about pregnancy hair loss?
    • What specific treatments are there for hair loss in women?
    • What vitamins are good for hair loss?
    • Can itchy scalp cause hair loss?
    • How do people prevent hair loss?
  • Vaginal Pain Vulvodynia or vaginal pain, genital pain is a condition in which women have chronic vulvar pain with no known cause. There are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Pain Article
    • Vaginal pain and vulvodynia facts
    • What are vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • What causes vaginal pain and/or vulvodynia?
    • What symptoms are characteristic of vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • What are risk factors for vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • What diagnostic tests are used to evaluate vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • How are vaginal pain and vulvodynia treated?
    • Medications and other medical therapies for vaginal pain and vulvodynia
    • Home remedies for vaginal pain and vulvodynia
    • What are the complications of vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for vaginal pain and vulvodynia?
  • Cervical Cancer Cervical cancer is cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus). Regular pelvic exams and Pap testing can detect precancerous...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cervical Cancer Article
    • Cervical cancer facts*
    • What is the cervix?
    • What is cancer?
    • What are the risk factors and causes of cervical cancer?
    • What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
    • How is cervical cancer diagnosed?
    • How is staging of cervical cancer determined?
    • What is the treatment for cervical cancer?
    • What are methods of treatment for cervical cancer?
    • How do I go about getting a second opinion?
    • What follow-up care is involved after cervical cancer treatment?
    • What support, research, and clinical trials information is available for cervical cancer patients?
  • Burning Mouth Syndrome Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a condition that causes pain in the mouth. BMS may be caused by menopause, dry mouth or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Burning Mouth Syndrome Article
    • Burning mouth syndrome facts*
    • Burning mouth syndrome introduction
    • What are signs and symptoms of burning mouth syndrome?
    • What are causes of burning mouth syndrome?
    • How is burning mouth syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for burning mouth syndrome?
    • What are helpful tips for dealing with burning mouth syndrome?
  • Hot Flashes Hot flashes (or flushing) is the most common symptom experienced by a woman prior to and during the early stages of menopause....learn more »
    In This Article
    Hot Flashes Article
    • Hot flash facts
    • What are hot flashes?
    • What causes hot flashes?
    • What are the symptoms of hot flashes?
    • How are hot flashes diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for hot flashes?
    • Hormone therapy
    • Bioidentical hormone therapy
    • Other drug treatments
    • Complementary and alternative treatments
    • Phytoestrogens
    • Black cohosh
    • Other alternative therapies
    • Can hot flashes be prevented?
  • Vaginal Dryness Vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy occurs in women during perimenopause, menopause, and postmenopause. With vaginal atrophy, the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Vaginal Dryness Article
    • Vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy facts
    • What causes vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy?
    • What symptoms can be associated with vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy?
    • How is vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy diagnosed?
    • What treatments are available for vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy?
    • What is the outlook for vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy?
  • Prolactinoma (Pituitary Tumor) Prolactinoma is an adenoma (benign tumor) of the pituitary gland. Causes of many prolactinomas are unknown. Symptoms in women...learn more »
    In This Article
    Prolactinoma (Pituitary Tumor) Article
    • Prolactinoma facts
    • What is a prolactinoma (pituitary tumor)?
    • What is the normal function of prolactin?
    • What is the pituitary gland?
    • Where is the pituitary gland located?
    • What problems are caused by a pituitary tumor?
    • How common is a prolactinoma?
    • What are the types of prolactinomas?
    • What causes a prolactinoma?
    • What symptoms are caused by a prolactinoma?
    • Aside from a prolactinoma, what else can cause prolactin levels to rise?
    • How is a prolactinoma diagnosed?
    • What follow-up tests are done after a prolactinoma diagnosis?
    • What are the goals of treatment of a prolactinoma?
    • How is a prolactinoma treated?
    • What medications are used to treat prolactinomas?
    • What is the surgical treatment of a prolactinoma?
    • How do I choose a skilled neurosurgeon?
    • Does a prolactinoma affect pregnancy and oral contraceptives?
    • Do prolactinomas affect oral contraceptives?
    • Is osteoporosis a risk in women with high prolactin levels?
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Chronic fatigue syndrome is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that lasts 6 months or longer,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Article
    • Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) facts
    • What is chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What causes chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are risk factors for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are symptoms and signs of chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What are chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms in men?
    • What are chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms in women?
    • How is chronic fatigue syndrome diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • Is there a cure for chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • What is the prognosis of chronic fatigue syndrome?
    • Can chronic fatigue syndrome be prevented?
    • Where can people find additional information about chronic fatigue syndrome?
  • Alternative Treatments for Hot Flashes of Menopause Hot flashes are experienced by many women, however, not all women undergoing menopause experience hot flashes. A hot flash is a...learn more »
    In This Article
    Alternative Treatments for Hot Flashes of Menopause Article
    • Alternatives for treating hot flashes facts
    • Introduction to menopause and hot flashes
    • What are hot flashes?
    • How are hot flashed usually treated?
    • Which alternative prescription medications are effective in treating hot flash symptoms of menopause?
    • Why are some doctors reluctant to recommend nonprescription therapies for menopause symptoms?
    • What alternative treatments for menopause have been scientifically studied?
  • Women's Health Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Women's Health Article
    • Introduction to Women's Health
    • Women's General Health and Wellness
    • Female Anatomy
    • The Female Reproductive System
    • Female Hormones
    • Diseases More Common In Women
    • Cancer In Women
    • Women's Cosmetic Concerns
    • Menstruation
    • Sexuality
    • Fertility, Birth Control and Infertility
    • Pregnancy
    • Motherhood
    • Menopause
    • The Mature Woman - Post Menopause
  • Menstruation Menstruation (menstrual cycle) is also referred to as a "period." When a woman menstruates, the lining of the uterus is shed....learn more »
    In This Article
    Menstruation Article
    • Menstruation facts*
    • What is menstruation?
    • What is the menstrual cycle?
    • What happens during the menstrual cycle?
    • What is a typical menstrual period like?
    • What kinds of problems do women have with their periods?
    • When does a girl usually get her first period?
    • How long does a woman have periods?
    • When should I see a doctor about my period?
    • How often should I change my pad/tampon?
  • Bladder Spasms People who have bladder spasms, the sensation occurs suddenly and often severely. A spasm itself is the sudden, involuntary...learn more »
    In This Article
    Bladder Spasms Article
    • What do bladder spasms feel like?
    • Who is most likely to develop bladder spasms?
    • What causes bladder spasms?
    • What are nervous system disorders that lead to bladder spasms?
    • Which types of surgery may lead to bladder spasms?
    • What are other causes of bladder spasms?
    • What is the treatment for bladder spasms?
    • What are complementary and alternative therapies for bladder spasms?
    • When should someone see a doctor for bladder spasms?
  • Cystocele A cystocele is also known as a fallen or prolapsed bladder. Heavy lifting and straining may cause a cystocele, which causes urine...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cystocele Article
    • Cystocele facts*
    • What is a cystocele?
    • What causes a cystocele?
    • How is a cystocele diagnosed?
    • How is a cystocele treated?
    • Where can people find more information about prolapsed bladders?
  • Osteoporosis Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone...learn more »
    In This Article
    Osteoporosis Article
    • Osteoporosis facts
    • What is osteoporosis?
    • What are osteoporosis symptoms and signs?
    • What are the consequences of osteoporosis?
    • Why is osteoporosis an important public health issue?
    • What factors determine bone strength?
    • What are osteoporosis risk factors and causes?
    • How is osteoporosis diagnosed?
    • Who should have bone density testing?
    • What is the treatment for osteoporosis, and can osteoporosis be prevented?
    • Exercise, quitting cigarettes, and curtailing alcohol
    • Calcium supplements
    • Vitamin D
    • Hormone therapy (hormone replacement therapy, menopausal replacement therapy)
    • Medications that prevent bone loss and breakdown
    • Choosing an osteoporosis medication
    • Prevention of osteoporosis caused by long-term corticosteroids
    • Monitoring osteoporosis therapy medication
    • Prevention of hip fractures in elderly people with osteoporosis
    • What are complications of osteoporosis?
    • What is the prognosis (outlook) for patients with osteoporosis?
  • Breast Cancer Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and the second most common cause of cancer death in women in the U.S. Symptoms...learn more »
    In This Article
    Breast Cancer Article
    • Breast cancer facts
    • What is breast cancer?
    • What are the different types of breast cancer?
    • What causes breast cancer?
    • What are breast cancer risk factors?
    • What are breast cancer symptoms and signs?
    • How is breast cancer diagnosed?
    • How is breast cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for breast cancer?
    • What is the prognosis of breast cancer?
    • Can breast cancer be prevented?
    • What research is being done on breast cancer? Should I participate in a clinical trial?
    • I may have breast cancer. What questions should I ask my doctor?
    • Is the doctor sure I have breast cancer?
    • What type of breast cancer do I have?
    • What difference does a precise diagnosis make?
    • What has been done to exclude cancer in other areas of the same breast or in my other breast?
    • What type of medical team do I need for the most accurate diagnosis?
    • Is my family history relevant to my breast cancer diagnosis?
    • What other studies should be done on my tissue biopsy?
    • How urgent is it that I make decisions and begin treatment?
    • Should I stop taking postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT)?
    • Even though my breast tumor does not have hormone receptors, should I take tamoxifen to reduce the risk of a new tumor?
    • I have a ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a type of localized cancer. Why have I been advised to have a mastectomy when other women with invasive cancer have lumpectomies?
    • Should I start chemotherapy before surgery?
    • If I am advised to have a mastectomy, what are the risks and benefits of immediate breast reconstruction?
    • Should my lymph nodes be removed?
    • What is a sentinel lymph node biopsy and what are its benefits and risks?
    • Are there any other questions I should ask my doctor?
  • Senior Sex Enjoying a satisfying sex life as we age is important to both physical and mental health. As we age, diseases and conditions may...learn more »
    In This Article
    Senior Sex Article
    • Senior sex facts*
    • Introduction to senior sex
    • What are the normal physical changes with age?
    • What causes sexual problems as we age?
    • What else may cause sexuality problems?
    • Am I too old to worry about safe sex?
    • Can emotions play a part?
    • What can I do to have an active sex life as I age?
  • Urinary Incontinence in Women Millions of women suffer from urinary incontinence (UI). UI occurs twice as often in women as in men. There are many types of...learn more »
    In This Article
    Urinary Incontinence in Women Article
    • Urinary incontinence (UI) in women facts*
    • What is urinary incontinence?
    • What are the types of urinary incontinence?
    • How is incontinence evaluated?
    • How is incontinence treated?
    • Points to remember
    • Hope through research
    • For more information
  • Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem that arises during any phase of the sexual response cycle, preventing an individual or...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sexual Problems (Sex) in Women Article
    • What causes female sexual problems?
    • Who is affected by sexual problems?
    • How do sexual problems affect women?
    • How is a female sexual problem diagnosed?
    • How are female sexual problems treated?
    • Can female sexual problems be cured?
    • How do hormones affect sexual function?
    • What effect does a hysterectomy have on sexual function?
    • How does menopause affect a woman's sexual function?
    • When should I call my doctor about sexual problems?
  • Renal Osteodystrophy Renal osteodystrophy is a bone disease. The kidneys fail to maintain required levels of phosphorous and calcium in the blood....learn more »
    In This Article
    Renal Osteodystrophy Article
    • Renal osteodystrophy facts*
    • What is renal osteodystrophy?
    • Hormones and Minerals
    • How is renal osteodystrophy diagnosed?
    • How is osteodystrophy treated?
    • For more information about renal osteodystrophy
  • Premature Menopause Premature menopause is when menopause occurs in a woman before the age of 40. Causes of premature menopause include premature...learn more »
    In This Article
    Premature Menopause Article
    • Premature menopause facts
    • What is premature menopause?
    • What causes premature menopause?
    • Who is at risk for premature menopause?
    • What are the symptoms for premature menopause?
    • What tests are used to diagnose premature menopause?
    • Is there any treatment for premature menopause?
    • What are complications of premature menopause?
    • What is the outlook (prognosis) for premature menopause?
  • Fitness Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety....learn more »
    In This Article
    Fitness Article
    • The importance of physical activity and fitness
    • Why should I be active?
    • Can everyone benefit from physical activity?
    • What are the recommendations for increasing fitness for youth, adults, and seniors?
    • How do I get started with a fitness plan?
    • When is a medical evaluation necessary?
    • How can I make physical activity a part of my life?
    • What are the components of physical fitness?
    • Fitness terms
  • Menopause and Sex Menopause is often associated with a change in sexual functioning. Loss of estrogen, bladder control issues, anxiety, stress,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Menopause and Sex Article
    • Menopause and sex facts
    • How does menopause affect sexual function?
    • What are some symptoms of menopause that can affect sexual function?
    • What are some treatments for troubling symptoms of menopause?
    • What are some ways to improve sexual function after menopause?
  • Endometrial Cancer Prevention Endometrial cancer, or uterine cancer, affects the endometrium of the uterus. It's the most common invasive cancer of the female...learn more »
    In This Article
    Endometrial Cancer Prevention Article
    • What is prevention?
    • What is endometrial cancer (uterine cancer)?
    • Can endometrial cancer (uterine cancer) be prevented?
    • What are risk factors for endometrial cancer (uterine cancer)?
  • Reproductive Health Reproductive health encompasses the beginning of menstruation for women, choosing the right birth control method for you and your...learn more »
    In This Article
    Reproductive Health Article
    • Menstruation and menopause
    • Pregnancy and preconception care
    • Fertility/Infertility
    • Contraception
    • Sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS/HIV
  • Estimating Breast Cancer Risk: Questions and Answers As breast cancer is the most diagnosed non-skin cancer in American women, it is important to know your breast cancer risk. Risk...learn more »
    In This Article
    Estimating Breast Cancer Risk: Questions and Answers Article
    • Who develops breast cancer?
    • What is the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool?
    • What are the risk factors used to estimate breast cancer risk in the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool?
    • Why are some other risk factors left out of the Tool?
    • Is the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool useful for all women?
    • What are some of the latest research findings on breast cancer risk?
    • Are there ways to decrease the chance of developing breast cancer?
    • How did BCPT and STAR use the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool to add to our knowledge of breast cancer risk?
    • What else can a woman do about breast cancer?