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- What is meloxicam, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for meloxicam?
- Is meloxicam available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for meloxicam?
- What are the side effects of meloxicam?
- What is the dosage for meloxicam?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with meloxicam?
- Is meloxicam safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about meloxicam?
What is meloxicam, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Meloxicam is in a class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that are used to treat pain and/or inflammation. Other members of this class include ibuprofen (Motrin), indomethacin (Indocin), nabumetone (Relafen) and several others. Prostaglandins are chemicals that contribute to inflammation especially within joints, and it is the inflammation that leads to the common symptoms of pain, tenderness, and swelling associated with arthritis. Meloxicam blocks the enzymes that make prostaglandins (cyclooxygenase 1 and 2) and reduces the levels of prostaglandins. As a result, inflammation and its accompanying symptoms are reduced. Meloxicam was approved for use in April 2000.
What brand names are available for meloxicam?
Is meloxicam available as a generic drug?
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
Do I need a prescription for meloxicam?
What are the side effects of meloxicam?
- Individuals who are allergic to NSAIDs may experience shortness of breath when given an NSAID. People with asthma also are at a higher risk for experiencing serious allergic reaction to NSAIDs. Individuals with a serious allergy to one NSAID are likely to experience a similar reaction to a different NSAID.
- New onset or worsening of high blood pressure (hypertension) may occur. Blood pressure should be monitored closely during treatment.
- Meloxicam may cause fluid retention and swelling (edema). It should be used cautiously in people with heart failure.
- Meloxicam may reduce kidney function. Therefore, it should not be used in people with severe kidney failure. It should be used cautiously in the elderly, people with heart failure, liver dysfunction, and those taking diuretics, ACE-inhibitors, or angiotensin II antagonists.
- Serious skin reactions such as exfoliative dermatitis, Stevens- Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) may occur without warning.
- NSAIDs (except low dose aspirin) may increase the risk of potentially fatal heart attacks, stroke, and related conditions in people with or without heart disease or risk factors for heart disease. The increased risk of heart attack or stroke may occur as early as the first week of use and the risk may increase with longer use and is higher in patients who have underlying risk factors for heart and blood vessel disease. Therefore, NSAIDs should not be used for the treatment of pain resulting from coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.
- Central nervous system effects including drowsiness, dizziness, and blurred vision may occur in patients who are taking an NSAIDs.
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