Melatonin (cont.)

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of melatonin are:



PREPARATIONS: Melatonin is available in 1 mg, 3 mg, 5 mg, and 10 mg strengths. Melatonin is available in tablets, capsules, chewable gummies, sublingual tablets, and in liquid form.

STORAGE: Melatonin is usually stored at room temperature.


  • Sleeplessness, sleep-wake cycle changes: Take 0.3 to 5 mg by mouth daily at bedtime.
  • Migraine headaches: Take 3 to 10 mg by mouth daily at bedtime.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Melatonin should be used with caution with birth control medications and fluvoxamine (Luvox) because they increase melatonin levels in the body and cause increased sedation.

Melatonin should be used with caution with medications like zolpidem (Ambien), alprazolam (Xanax), clonazepam (Klonopin), diazepam (Valium), and zalepon (Sonata) because they cause increased sedation.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/10/2014

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