Melanoma Related Diseases & Conditions

Medical conditions are often related to other diseases and conditions. Our doctors have compiled a list of ailments related to the topic of Melanoma. These conditions may be a cause or symptom of Melanoma or be a condition for which you may be at increased risk.

  • Psoriasis Psoriasis is a long-term skin condition that may cause large plaques of red, raised skin, flakes of dry skin, and skin scales....learn more »
  • Skin Tag A skin tag is a small benign growth of skin that projects from the surrounding skin. Skin tags can vary in appearance (smooth,...learn more »
  • Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) An enlarged spleen or splenomegaly is generally caused by other diseases or conditions such as infections, cancers, blood...learn more »
    In This Article
    Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) Article
    • What is the spleen, and what is its function?
    • What does the spleen look like, and where is it located in the body?
    • What are the causes of an enlarged spleen?
    • What type of pain, and where is the pain located with an enlarged spleen?
    • What are other signs and symptoms of an enlarged spleen?
    • How is the diagnosis of an enlarged spleen made?
    • What is the treatment for an enlarged spleen?
    • What complications are associated with an enlarged spleen?
    • Can an enlarged spleen be prevented?
    • What is the prognosis for someone with an enlarged spleen?
  • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Article
    • Cancer facts
    • What is cancer?
    • What causes cancer?
    • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
    • What are the different types of cancer?
    • How is cancer diagnosed?
    • How is cancer staging determined?
    • What is the treatment for cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for cancer?
    • Can cancer be prevented?
    • Where can people find more information about cancer?
  • Freckles Freckles are flat circular spots on the skin that may be red, yellow, tan, light brown, brown, or black in color. Lentigo is the...learn more »
    In This Article
    Freckles Article
    • Freckles facts
    • What are freckles?
    • What types of freckles are there?
    • What are "liver spots" or "age spots"?
    • How do freckles develop?
    • How important is heredity with freckles?
    • What is the medical meaning of freckles?
    • How can freckles be prevented?
    • What is the treatment for freckles?
    • What is the value of freckles?
  • Hodgkin's Disease Hodgkin's disease is a cancer of the lymphatic system with symptoms that include unexplained, recurring fevers, unexplained...learn more »
    In This Article
    Hodgkin's Disease Article
    • Hodgkin's lymphoma facts*
    • What is the lymph system?
    • What is Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the types of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How is the staging determined for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What are the stages of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What is the treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Who are the doctor's who treat Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • How do people get a second opinion for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • Clinical trials for treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Targeted therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Radiation therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Stem cell transplantation for Hodgkin's lymphoma
    • Nutrition during cancer treatment
    • What is the follow-up care after treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
    • What other support is available for cancer patients?
  • Skin Cancer Skin cancers occur when skin cells undergo malignant transformations and grow into tumors. The most common types of skin cancer,...learn more »
    In This Article
    Skin Cancer Article
    • What is skin cancer?
    • What are the risk factors for skin cancer?
    • What causes skin cancer?
    • What are the different types of skin cancer?
    • What are the signs and symptoms of skin cancer?
    • When is a mole dangerous or high-risk for becoming a skin cancer?
    • What are the most common sites where skin cancer develops?
    • How is skin cancer diagnosed?
    • What is the staging for skin cancer?
    • What is the treatment for skin cancer?
    • What is the prognosis for skin cancer?
    • Can skin cancer be prevented?
    • Sunscreen use and vitamin D
  • Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs) Sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) is an inflammation of the skin induced by the combination of medications or substances and...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs) Article
    • Sun-sensitizing drugs (photosensitivity) facts
    • What is photosensitivity?
    • What is the difference between a photoallergic and a phototoxic reaction?
    • What is ultraviolet light?
    • Photoallergic and phototoxic reaction pictures
    • What are the symptoms of sun sensitivity (photosensitivity)?
    • Phototoxic drugs
    • Photoallergic drugs
    • Are there any medical conditions that may cause photosensitivity?
    • How is sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a photosensitizing drug reaction?
    • Is anyone taking these drugs at risk for developing sunburn?
    • Can any foods or plants cause sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) reactions?
    • Pictures of food and plant sun-sensitivity (photosensitivity) reactions
    • Are there any medical applications of sun sensitivity (photosensitivity)?
  • Cancer Risk Factors Though it's difficult to say why some people develop cancer while others don't, research shows that certain risk factors increase...learn more »
    In This Article
    Cancer Risk Factors Article
    • Cancer risk factor facts*
    • What are cancer risk factors?
    • Growing older
    • Tobacco
    • Sunlight
    • Ionizing radiation
    • Certain chemicals and other substances
    • Some viruses and bacteria
    • Certain hormones
    • Family history of cancer
    • Alcohol
    • Poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight
  • Melanoma Second Source article from Government...learn more »
  • Scars Scar formation is a natural part of the healing process after injury. The depth and size of the wound incision and the location...learn more »
    In This Article
    Scars Article
    • Scars facts
    • What is a scar?
    • What are the different types of scars?
    • What causes a scar?
    • What are symptoms and signs of a scar?
    • How are scars diagnosed?
    • What is the treatment for a scar?
    • Are there any home remedies to reduce scarring?
    • What is the prognosis of a scar?
    • Can scarring be prevented?
    • Does insurance coverage apply to scar treatments?
  • Skin Cancer and Sun Damage Second Source article from The Cleveland Clinic...learn more »
  • Moles Moles are small skin growths that may appear flat or raised and are often tan, brown, black, reddish brown, or skin colored. They...learn more »
    In This Article
    Moles Article
    • Moles facts
    • What are moles?
    • What causes moles, and what are risk factors for developing moles?
    • What types of moles are there?
    • What are liver spots or age spots?
    • What are seborrheic keratoses?
    • Who is more prone to getting moles?
    • Does having more moles increase one's chance of getting melanoma?
    • Do moles ever disappear spontaneously?
    • Which skin cancers look like moles?
    • How can moles be prevented?
    • How can moles be treated? What are different types of mole removal?
    • Is there a blood test or X-ray to diagnose moles?
  • Birthmark Birthmarks and other abnormal skin pigmentation is caused by the body's inability to produce enough melanin. Abnormal skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Birthmark Article
    • Birthmark facts
    • What is a birthmark?
    • What are the different types of birthmarks?
    • What are the characteristics of pigmented birthmarks?
    • What are the characteristics of vascular birthmarks?
    • What causes birthmarks?
    • Are any symptoms and signs associated with birthmarks?
    • What disorders are associated with birthmarks?
    • Can skin damage during delivery produce a birthmark?
    • Is it possible to remove or fade birthmarks?
    • Does insurance cover the cost of birthmark removal?
    • What is the treatment for birthmarks?
    • What is the prognosis of birthmarks?
  • Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Sunburn is caused by overexposure to UV radiation from the sun. UV rays can also damage the eyes. Repeated overexposure to UV...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Article
    • Sunburn and sun poisoning facts
    • What is sunburn?
    • Can sunburn cause permanent damage?
    • What is UV light and where are UV rays most intense?
    • Why does the skin tan after exposure to UV rays?
    • What are the symptoms of sunburn?
    • What are the symptoms of severe sunburn (sun poisoning)?
    • Sunburn pictures
    • What first-aid measures should be taken with sunburn?
    • What is the treatment for sunburn?
    • Are there any home remedies to treat sunburn?
    • Is a follow-up visit with a physician necessary?
    • Who is most susceptible to sunburn?
    • Can diseases cause a heightened sensitivity to UV rays?
    • Can medications increase sensitivity to sunburn?
    • What kinds of skin cancer can UV rays cause?
    • How can sunburn and skin cancer be prevented?
    • How do sunscreens work?
    • What is SPF?
    • What is the best way to apply sunscreen?
    • Do sunscreens expire?
    • Can antioxidants protect against sunburn?
  • Advance Medical Directives (Living Will, Power of Attorney, and Health Care Proxy) Advance directives are designed to outline a person's wishes and preferences in regard to medical treatments and interventions....learn more »
    In This Article
    Advance Medical Directives (Living Will, Power of Attorney, and Health Care Proxy) Article
    • Advance medical directive facts
    • Introduction to advance medical directives
    • What is the importance of an advance directive?
    • What is the history of advance directives?
    • The current situation
    • When do advance directives become helpful?
    • How can one obtain and prepare living will and advance medical directive forms?
  • Sunscreen Sunscreens are crucial for sun protection. Sun damage to the skin from exposure to ultraviolet rays is a risk factor for skin...learn more »
    In This Article
    Sunscreen Article
    • What is sun protection?
    • How is sunburn best prevented?
    • What is sunscreen?
    • What is meant by SPF?
    • Are all sunscreens equally effective against UV radiation?
    • How do sunscreens work, and which sunscreen ingredients protect against both types of UV radiation?
    • How should skin sunscreens be applied?
    • Do water or perspiration wash off sunscreen?
    • Can sunscreens cause a skin reaction?
    • Should everyone use sunscreen protection?
    • Can the labels on sunscreen products be trusted in the U.S.?
    • Do all tanning products contain sunscreens?
    • What kind of sunglasses should be worn?
    • Is sunscreen protection necessary in the winter?
    • Are a good sunscreen and sunglasses enough?
  • Disease Prevention in Men Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Men Article
    • Disease prevention in men introduction
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)
    • Cancer of colon and rectum/polyps of colon and rectum
    • Prostate cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
    • Bladder cancer
  • Disease Prevention in Women Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are...learn more »
    In This Article
    Disease Prevention in Women Article
    • Disease prevention in women overview
    • Osteoporosis
    • Breast cancer
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Cancer of the cervix
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Hypercholesterolemia (hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia)
    • Type II diabetes mellitus
    • Cancer of colon and rectum / polyps of colon and rectum
    • Bladder cancer
    • Glaucoma
    • Melanoma and other skin cancers
  • Caregiving Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their...learn more »
    In This Article
    Caregiving Article
    • What is a caregiver?
    • Who are our nation's caregivers?
    • What is caregiver stress?
    • How can I tell if caregiving is putting too much stress on me?
    • What can I do to prevent stress or relieve stress?
    • What is respite care?
    • What is the National Family Caregiver Support Program (NFCSP)?
    • How can I find out about caregiving resources in my community?
    • What kind of caregiver services can I find in my community?
    • What kind of home care help is available?
    • How will I pay for home health care?
    • Who is eligible for Medicare home health care services?
    • Will Medicaid help pay for home health care?
    • For more information