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Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which begins in skin cells called melanocytes and affects more than 53,600 people in the United States each year. These melanocytes can grow together to form benign moles which, after a change in size, shape, or color can be a sign of melanoma. Caused by sun exposure, early detection becomes extremely important to avoid a spread to other areas of the body. Diagnosis is confirmed through a biopsy of the abnormal skin and treatment depends on the extent and characteristics of the patient.

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    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Skin Tag A skin tag is a small benign growth of skin that projects from the surrounding skin. Skin tags can vary in appearance (smooth,...learn more »
    • Psoriasis Psoriasis is a long-term skin condition that may cause large plaques of red, raised skin, flakes of dry skin, and skin scales....learn more »
      In This Article
      Psoriasis Article
      • Psoriasis facts
      • What is psoriasis?
      • What are psoriasis causes and risk factors?
      • What are the different types of psoriasis?
      • Can psoriasis affect my joints?
      • Can psoriasis affect only my nails?
      • What are psoriasis symptoms and signs? What does psoriasis look like?
      • How do health-care professionals diagnose psoriasis?
      • Eczema vs. psoriasis
      • How many people have psoriasis?
      • Is psoriasis contagious?
      • Is there a cure for psoriasis?
      • Is psoriasis hereditary?
      • What kind of doctor treats psoriasis?
      • What is the treatment for psoriasis?
      • What creams, lotions, and home remedies are available for psoriasis?
      • Are psoriasis shampoos available?
      • What oral medications are available for psoriasis?
      • What injections or infusions are available for psoriasis?
      • Is there a psoriasis diet?
      • What about light therapy for psoriasis?
      • What is the long-term prognosis with psoriasis? What are complications of psoriasis?
      • Is it possible to prevent psoriasis?
      • What does the future hold for psoriasis?
      • Is there a national psoriasis support group?
      • Where can people get more information on psoriasis?
    • Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) An enlarged spleen or splenomegaly is generally caused by other diseases or conditions such as infections, cancers, blood...learn more »
      In This Article
      Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) Article
      • Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly) facts
      • What is the spleen, and what does it do (function)?
      • What type of pain, and where is the pain located with an enlarged spleen?
      • What are other signs and symptoms of an enlarged spleen?
      • Where is the spleen, and what does it look like?
      • What are the causes of an enlarged spleen?
      • How is the diagnosis of an enlarged spleen made?
      • What is the treatment for an enlarged spleen?
      • What complications are associated with an enlarged spleen?
      • Can an enlarged spleen be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for someone with an enlarged spleen?
    • Lymphedema Lymphedema is a condition in which one or more extremities become swollen as the result of an impaired flow of the lymphatic...learn more »
      In This Article
      Lymphedema Article
      • Lymphedema facts
      • What is lymphedema?
      • What does lymphedema look like (pictures)?
      • What causes lymphedema?
      • What are the symptoms of lymphedema?
      • How is lymphedema diagnosed?
      • What are possible treatments for lymphedema?
      • What are complications of lymphedema?
      • Can lymphedema be prevented?
      • What is the prognosis for lymphedema?
      • Where can one get help and support for lymphedema?
    • Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs) Sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) is an inflammation of the skin induced by the combination of medications or substances and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs) Article
      • Sun-sensitizing drugs (photosensitivity) facts
      • What is photosensitivity?
      • What is the difference between a photoallergic and a phototoxic reaction?
      • What is ultraviolet light?
      • Photoallergic and phototoxic reaction pictures
      • What are the symptoms of sun sensitivity (photosensitivity)?
      • Phototoxic drugs
      • Photoallergic drugs
      • Are there any medical conditions that may cause photosensitivity?
      • How is sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for a photosensitizing drug reaction?
      • Is anyone taking these drugs at risk for developing sunburn?
      • Can any foods or plants cause sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) reactions?
      • Pictures of food and plant sun-sensitivity (photosensitivity) reactions
      • Are there any medical applications of sun sensitivity (photosensitivity)?
    • Skin Cancer Skin cancers occur when skin cells undergo malignant transformations and grow into tumors. The most common types of skin cancer,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Skin Cancer Article
      • What is skin cancer?
      • What are the risk factors for skin cancer?
      • What causes skin cancer?
      • What are the different types of skin cancer?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of skin cancer?
      • When is a mole dangerous or high-risk for becoming a skin cancer?
      • What are the most common sites where skin cancer develops?
      • How is skin cancer diagnosed?
      • What is the staging for skin cancer?
      • What is the treatment for skin cancer?
      • What kinds of doctors treat skin cancer?
      • What is the prognosis for skin cancer?
      • Can skin cancer be prevented?
      • Sunscreen use and vitamin D

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Terms related to Melanoma:

  • Malignant Melanoma