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Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which begins in skin cells called melanocytes and affects more than 53,600 people in the United States each year. These melanocytes can grow together to form benign moles which, after a change in size, shape, or color can be a sign of melanoma. Caused by sun exposure, early detection becomes extremely important to avoid a spread to other areas of the body. Diagnosis is confirmed through a biopsy of the abnormal skin and treatment depends on the extent and characteristics of the patient.

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    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Melanoma Second Source article from Government...learn more »
    • Skin Cancer and Sun Damage Second Source article from The Cleveland Clinic...learn more »
    • Cancer Risk Factors Though it's difficult to say why some people develop cancer while others don't, research shows that certain risk factors increase...learn more »
      In This Article
      Cancer Risk Factors Article
      • Cancer risk factor facts*
      • What are cancer risk factors?
      • Growing older
      • Tobacco
      • Sunlight
      • Ionizing radiation
      • Certain chemicals and other substances
      • Some viruses and bacteria
      • Certain hormones
      • Family history of cancer
      • Alcohol
      • Poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight
    • Hodgkin's Disease Hodgkin's disease is a cancer of the lymphatic system with symptoms that include unexplained, recurring fevers, unexplained...learn more »
      In This Article
      Hodgkin's Disease Article
      • Hodgkin's lymphoma facts*
      • What is the lymph system?
      • What is Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • What are the types of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • How is the staging determined for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • What are the stages of Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • What is the treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • Who are the doctor's who treat Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • How do people get a second opinion for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • Clinical trials for treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma
      • Chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
      • Targeted therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
      • Radiation therapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma
      • Stem cell transplantation for Hodgkin's lymphoma
      • Nutrition during cancer treatment
      • What is the follow-up care after treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma?
      • What other support is available for cancer patients?
    • Psoriasis Psoriasis is a long-term skin condition that may cause large plaques of red, raised skin, flakes of dry skin, and skin scales....learn more »
    • Skin Cancer Skin cancers occur when skin cells undergo malignant transformations and grow into tumors. The most common types of skin cancer,...learn more »
      In This Article
      Skin Cancer Article
      • What is skin cancer?
      • What are the risk factors for skin cancer?
      • What causes skin cancer?
      • What are the different types of skin cancer?
      • What are the signs and symptoms of skin cancer?
      • When is a mole dangerous or high-risk for becoming a skin cancer?
      • What are the most common sites where skin cancer develops?
      • How is skin cancer diagnosed?
      • What is the staging for skin cancer?
      • What is the treatment for skin cancer?
      • What is the prognosis for skin cancer?
      • Can skin cancer be prevented?
      • Sunscreen use and vitamin D

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Terms related to Melanoma:

  • Malignant Melanoma