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Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which begins in skin cells called melanocytes and affects more than 53,600 people in the United States each year. These melanocytes can grow together to form benign moles which, after a change in size, shape, or color can be a sign of melanoma. Caused by sun exposure, early detection becomes extremely important to avoid a spread to other areas of the body. Diagnosis is confirmed through a biopsy of the abnormal skin and treatment depends on the extent and characteristics of the patient.

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    • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Cancer Article
      • Cancer facts
      • What is cancer?
      • What causes cancer?
      • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
      • What are the different types of cancer?
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      • What is the treatment for cancer?
      • What is the prognosis for cancer?
      • Can cancer be prevented?
      • Where can people find more information about cancer?
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      In This Article
      Freckles Article
      • Freckles facts
      • What are freckles?
      • What types of freckles are there?
      • What are "liver spots" or "age spots"?
      • How do freckles develop?
      • How important is heredity with freckles?
      • What is the medical meaning of freckles?
      • How can freckles be prevented?
      • What is the treatment for freckles?
      • What is the value of freckles?
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      In This Article
      Skin Cancer Article
      • Skin cancer facts
      • Introduction
      • Basal cell carcinoma
      • Squamous cell carcinoma
      • What about follow-up care for skin cancer?
      • How about vitamin D and cancer?
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    • Moles Moles are small skin growths that may appear flat or raised and are often tan, brown, black, reddish brown, or skin colored. They...learn more »
      In This Article
      Moles Article
      • Moles facts
      • What are moles?
      • What causes moles, and what are risk factors for developing moles?
      • What types of moles are there?
      • What are liver spots or age spots?
      • What are seborrheic keratoses?
      • Who is more prone to getting moles?
      • Does having more moles increase one's chance of getting melanoma?
      • Do moles ever disappear spontaneously?
      • Which skin cancers look like moles?
      • How can moles be prevented?
      • How can moles be treated? What are different types of mole removal?
      • Is there a blood test or X-ray to diagnose moles?

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Terms related to Melanoma:

  • Malignant Melanoma