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Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which begins in skin cells called melanocytes and affects more than 53,600 people in the United States each year. These melanocytes can grow together to form benign moles which, after a change in size, shape, or color can be a sign of melanoma. Caused by sun exposure, early detection becomes extremely important to avoid a spread to other areas of the body. Diagnosis is confirmed through a biopsy of the abnormal skin and treatment depends on the extent and characteristics of the patient.

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    Related Diseases & Conditions

    • Skin Tag A skin tag is a small benign growth of skin that projects from the surrounding skin. Skin tags can vary in appearance (smooth,...learn more »
    • Psoriasis Psoriasis is a long-term skin condition that may cause large plaques of red, raised skin, flakes of dry skin, and skin scales....learn more »
    • Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Sunburn is caused by overexposure to UV radiation from the sun. UV rays can also damage the eyes. Repeated overexposure to UV...learn more »
      In This Article
      Sunburn (Sun Poisoning) Article
      • Sunburn facts
      • What is sunburn?
      • Can sunburn cause permanent damage?
      • What is UV light and where are UV rays most intense?
      • Why does the skin tan after exposure to UV rays?
      • What are the symptoms of sunburn?
      • What are the symptoms of severe sunburn (sun poisoning)?
      • Sunburn pictures
      • What first-aid measures should be taken with sunburn?
      • What is the treatment for sunburn?
      • Are there any home remedies to treat sunburn?
      • Is a follow-up visit with a physician necessary?
      • Who is most susceptible to sunburn?
      • Can diseases cause a heightened sensitivity to UV rays?
      • Can medications increase sensitivity to sunburn?
      • What kinds of skin cancer can UV rays cause?
      • How can sunburn and skin cancer be prevented?
      • How do sunscreens work?
      • What is SPF?
      • What is the best way to apply sunscreen?
      • Do sunscreens expire?
      • Can antioxidants protect against sunburn?
    • Freckles Freckles are flat circular spots on the skin that may be red, yellow, tan, light brown, brown, or black in color. Lentigo is the...learn more »
      In This Article
      Freckles Article
      • Freckles facts
      • What are freckles?
      • What types of freckles are there?
      • What are "liver spots" or "age spots"?
      • How do freckles develop?
      • How important is heredity with freckles?
      • What is the medical meaning of freckles?
      • How can freckles be prevented?
      • What is the treatment for freckles?
      • What is the value of freckles?
    • Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs) Sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) is an inflammation of the skin induced by the combination of medications or substances and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs) Article
      • Sun-sensitizing drugs (photosensitivity) facts
      • What is photosensitivity?
      • What is the difference between a photoallergic and a phototoxic reaction?
      • Photoallergic and phototoxic reaction pictures
      • What is ultraviolet light?
      • What are the symptoms of sun sensitivity (photosensitivity)?
      • Phototoxic drugs
      • Photoallergic drugs
      • Are there any medical conditions that can cause photosensitivity?
      • How is sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) diagnosed?
      • What is the treatment for a photosensitizing drug reaction?
      • Is anyone taking these drugs at risk for developing sunburn?
      • Can any foods or plants cause sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) reactions?
      • Pictures of food and plant sun-sensitivity (photosensitivity) reactions
      • Are there any medical applications of sun sensitivity (photosensitivity)?
    • Cancer Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...learn more »
      In This Article
      Cancer Article
      • Cancer facts
      • What is cancer?
      • What causes cancer?
      • What are cancer symptoms and signs?
      • What are the different types of cancer?
      • How is cancer diagnosed?
      • How is cancer staging determined?
      • What is the treatment for cancer?
      • What is the prognosis for cancer?
      • Can cancer be prevented?
      • Where can people find more information about cancer?

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Terms related to Melanoma:

  • Malignant Melanoma