medroxyprogesterone acetate (contraceptive) - intramuscular, Depo-Provera (cont.)
USES: This medication is used to prevent pregnancy. Medroxyprogesterone is like a natural hormone made by the body called progesterone. It works by preventing the growth and release of a mature egg (ovulation), and changing the womb to make it more difficult for an egg to meet sperm (fertilization) or for the fertilized egg to attach to the wall of the womb (implantation).
HOW TO USE: Read the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before you start using this product and each time you get a refill. The leaflet contains very important information. If you have any questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.Shake the container well before each injection. This medication is given by injection into a muscle (upper arm or buttock) by a health care professional once every 3 months (13 weeks). The first injection should be given during the first 5 days of your menstrual period to make sure you are not pregnant.If you have recently given birth, the first injection should be given within 5 days after delivery if you are not breast-feeding and during the sixth week after delivery if you are breast-feeding. Talk with your doctor about the best time to schedule your first injection.It is very important that you have an injection every 3 months. If more than 13 weeks pass between injections, you may become pregnant. You may need a pregnancy test to make sure you are not pregnant before getting another injection. Other birth control methods (e.g., contraceptive sponge, diaphragm, condom) must be used to protect you from getting pregnant until you can get the next injection.
SIDE EFFECTS: Nausea, stomach cramping/bloating, dizziness, headache, tiredness, breast tenderness, decrease in breast size, acne, hair loss, or irritation/pain at injection site may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. Your periods may be early or late, shorter or longer, or heavier or lighter than normal. You may also have some spotting between periods, especially during the first several months of use. Your periods may stop completely after you have been receiving this medication for about a year. If this occurs, your periods will normally return after you stop receiving this medication. If you miss a period and have missed an injection, or if more than 13 weeks pass between injections and you think you may be pregnant, see your doctor.Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: mental/mood changes (e.g., depression), changes in sexual interest/ability, swelling of the ankles/feet, unusual/sudden weight gain.Tell your doctor immediately if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur: bone pain, unusual breast discharge/lumps in breast, abnormal severe/persistent vaginal bleeding, persistent nausea/vomiting, seizures, severe stomach/abdominal/pelvic pain, unusual weakness/tiredness, dark urine, yellowing skin/eyes.This drug may rarely cause blood clots. Seek immediate medical attention if you notice any of the following rare but very serious side effects: chest/jaw/left arm pain, sudden shortness of breath, confusion, coughing up blood, sudden dizziness/fainting, pain/swelling/warmth in the groin/calf, tingling/weakness/numbness in the arms/legs, sudden/severe headache, slurred speech, vision changes/problems, weakness on one side of the body.A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
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