Marijuana

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Marijuana facts

  • Marijuana's (scientific name is Cannabis sativa) leaves, seeds, stems and/or roots are consumed by marijuana users for the purpose of feeling intoxicated.
  • THC, or tetrahydrocannibinol, is one of the hundreds of compounds within marijuana that has major intoxicating effects.
  • Marijuana that is consumed for medical purposes, like for patients with nausea or poor appetite associated with AIDS or cancer treatment, is legal in a few states of the United States.
  • Possession of marijuana, regardless of its purpose, is illegal in most jurisdictions.
  • Marijuana is the most commonly abused illegal substance worldwide.
  • While the number of people who use marijuana at any one time does not seem to have recently increased, the number of people who have a marijuana-related disorder has risen significantly. This is more or less true depending on age and ethnic group.
  • Medical marijuana, also called marinol (Dronabinol), is a synthetic form of marijuana.
  • There are many ways of referring to marijuana itself, as well as for how it is smoked.
  • The history of marijuana goes back for thousands of years. It was only made illegal in many countries during the 20th century.
  • The use of medical marijuana is currently legal in 20 U.S. states and the District of Columbia. In those jurisdictions, people for whom medical marijuana has been specifically recommended by a physician must carry a (medical) marijuana card that indicates their use of the substance for a clear medical purpose.
  • Attempts to completely legalize the use of marijuana, whether for medicinal purposes or not, remain strongly contested in most jurisdictions.
  • There are a variety of marijuana types, also called strains.
  • Numerous research studies show that marijuana is indeed an addictive substance. The symptoms of addiction to marijuana are similar to those of any other addictive substance.
  • The symptoms of marijuana withdrawal are similar to those of other drugs and include irritability, anger, depression, insomnia, drug craving, and decreased appetite.
  • The negative physical, psychological, and social effects of marijuana are numerous.
  • While most individuals with marijuana abuse or dependence are treated on an outpatient basis, admission to both outpatient and inpatient treatment programs for marijuana addiction has increased over the years.
  • Behavioral and family based treatments have been found to be effective for marijuana abuse and addiction.
  • There is as yet no medication that has yet been shown to be a clearly effective treatment of marijuana-use disorders.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 4/17/2014

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