magnesium sulfate-injection (cont.)
SIDE EFFECTS: Unlikely but report: flushing, sweating, muscle weakness, dizziness, drowsiness, muscle weakness, slowed/shallow breathing or other breathing trouble. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
PRECAUTIONS: Before using this drug, tell your doctor your medical history, including: allergies (especially drug allergies), kidney or heart disease, low blood calcium, myasthenia gravis. Avoid alcohol intake, since the possible drowsiness effect of this medication may be increased. Caution when performing tasks requiring mental alertness. While magnesium use is safe during pregnancy, continuous IV use near the time of delivery may result in newborn adverse effects. Do not use magnesium during the final two hours before delivery. This drug is excreted into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Tell your doctor of all nonprescription or prescription medication you use, especially of: nerve blocking medicines (e.g., pancuronium). Medications that can increase the drowsiness effect of this drug include: sedatives, tranquilizers, drugs for sleep, narcotic pain relievers, psychiatric medications (e.g., chlorpromazine), certain antidepressants (e.g., amitriptyline), certain antihistamines, muscle relaxants, anti-seizure medications. Do not start or stop any medicine without doctor or pharmacist approval.
OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US national poison hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents should call their local poison control center directly. Symptoms of overdose may include nausea, vomiting, slow heartbeat, flushing, decreased alertness, confusion, muscle weakness, and loss of consciousness.
NOTES: Blood tests are performed to monitor the magnesium levels. Fetal response is also checked if this drug is used in pregnancy.
MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
STORAGE: Store at room temperature away from sunlight and moisture.
MEDICAL ALERT: Your condition can cause complications in a medical emergency. For enrollment information call MedicAlert at 1-800-854-1166 (USA), or 1-800-668-1507 (Canada).
Last Editorial Review: 3/2/2005
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